People v. Ward

Decision Date30 March 2001
Citation282 A.D.2d 871,725 N.Y.S.2d 418
Parties(A.D. 3 Dept. 2001) THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, Respondent, v ERIC WARD, Appellant. 12095 : THIRD JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT Calendar Date:
CourtNew York Supreme Court — Appellate Division

Kevin Colwell, Albany, for appellant.

Gerald E. Keene, District Attorney, Owego, for respondent.

Before: Mercure, J.P., Peters, Spain, Carpinello and Lahtinen, JJ.

Mercure, J.P.

Appeal from a judgment of the County Court of Tioga County (Sgueglia, J.), rendered November 29, 1999, convicting defendant upon his plea of guilty of the crime of robbery in the second degree.

On this appeal from the judgment of conviction rendered upon his plea of guilty of the crime of robbery in the second degree, defendant contends that his plea allocution is insufficient in that it fails to demonstrate the factual basis for the physical injury element of the crime and that, therefore, County Court erred in accepting his plea. Inasmuch as defendant failed to move either to withdraw the plea or to vacate the judgment, the issue of the sufficiency of the plea allocution has not been preserved for appellate review (see, People v Lopez, 71 N.Y.2d 662, 665). Misapprehending the narrow exception to the preservation rule recognized in People v Lopez (supra), defendant contends that the absence of a factual basis for his allocution of the physical injury element of robbery in the second degree casts doubt upon his guilt of that crime. The Lopez exception applies where a defendant's factual recitation casts significant doubt on his guilt by negating an essential element of the crime (see, id., at 666), "not where the sufficiency of the articulation of the element is challenged" (People v Vonderchek, 245 A.D.2d 979, 980, lv denied 91 N.Y.2d 945). In light of County Court's explanation regarding the element of physical injury and defendant's admission that, during the course of the robbery, he kicked the victim in the face while the victim was lying on the ground, thereby causing physical injury to the victim, there is no basis for further appellate review of defendant's claim (compare, People v Smith, 272 A.D.2d 782, lv denied 95 N.Y.2d 871; People v Medina, 262 A.D.2d 708, lv denied 93 N.Y.2d 1023, with People v Ocasio, 265 A.D.2d 675).

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.

Peters, Spain, Carpinello and Lahtinen, JJ., concur.

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1 cases
  • People v. Ward
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • April 19, 2001

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