Perez-Vargas v. Garland

Docket Number21-1101
Decision Date24 August 2023
PartiesVICENTE PEREZ-VARGAS, Petitioner, v. MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Ninth Circuit


Submitted August 22, 2023 [**]

On Petition for Review of an Order of the Department of Homeland Security Agency No. A076-345-760

Before: BUMATAY, KOH, and DESAI, Circuit Judges.


Vincente Perez-Vargas, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of the United States Customs and Border Protection ("CBP")'s decision to decline to reopen and rescind his Final Administrative Removal Order ("FARO"). We


dismiss the petition.

The former Immigration and Naturalization Service issued a FARO against Perez-Vargas in October 1999. The Department of Homeland Security reinstated the 1999 FARO on November 21, 2018. In August 2021, Perez-Vargas requested that CBP reopen and rescind the 1999 FARO. CBP denied the request to reopen on October 21, 2021. Perez-Vargas filed the petition for review after receiving the CBP denial letter.

CBP lacked jurisdiction to reopen the reinstated FARO. See 8 U.S.C. § 1231(a)(5); see also Cuenca v. Barr, 956 F.3d 1079, 1088 (9th Cir. 2020) (holding that "§ 1231(a)(5) bars reopening a removal order that has been reinstated following an alien's unlawful reentry into the United States"). And because Perez-Vargas filed the petition for review more than 30 days after the FARO was reinstated, we lack jurisdiction to consider any collateral attack on his underlying removal order. See 8 U.S.C. § 1252(b)(1); see also Bravo-Bravo v. Garland, 54 F.4th 634, 638 &n.5 (9th Cir. 2022) (holding that an "alien may collaterally attack the removal order underlying the reinstatement order" if the alien "file[s] a timely petition for review of [the] reinstated removal order" (emphasis added)).



[*] This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3.

[**] The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2).


To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT