Rankin v. Averitt Express, Inc.

Decision Date11 June 2013
Docket NumberNo. 2012–WC–00602–COA.,2012–WC–00602–COA.
Citation115 So.3d 874
PartiesBruce Allen RANKIN, Appellant v. AVERITT EXPRESS, INC. (a Self–Insured), Appellee.
CourtMississippi Court of Appeals


Darryl Moses Gibbs, Jennie Southerland Hoyle Pitts, Jackson, attorneys for appellant.

Sandra Taylor Doty, David E. Stovall, Jackson, attorneys for appellee.


ROBERTS, J., for the Court:

¶ 1. The Mississippi Workers' Compensation Commission (Commission) reversed the administrative judge's (AJ) order that found Bruce Rankin suffered a compensable work-related injury entitling him to receive workers' compensation benefits from Averitt Express, his employer at the time of injury. Rankin appeals and requests this Court to determine whether the Commission erred in its decision. Finding no error, we affirm the Commission's order.


¶ 2. Rankin was employed by Averitt Express as a supply-chain solutions driver. This job required Rankin to pick up a load of freight and deliver it to Dollar General stores in Mississippi and Louisiana. The freight was loaded onto the trucks using carts called rolltainers, and upon arriving at a store, Rankin would have to unload these rolltainers from the truck using a motorized lift. Depending on the amount of freight, each rolltainer could weigh between 200 and 1,000 pounds.

¶ 3. Rankin claimed that on October 1, 2009, he was making a delivery to a Dollar General store when a 1,000–pound rolltainer rolled across the inside of the truck and pinned him against the truck wall. As a result, he claimed he had to push the heavy rolltainer off of his chest so he could get free. Rankin stated he experienced immediate pain in his right arm, shoulder, and chest. According to Rankin, he attempted to call his supervisor, Bonnie Henderson, to report his injury, but he could not get through to her on the phone, and her voicemail was full. However, Rankin later admitted he spoke to Henderson shortly after the alleged injury to report a broken fan belt, but he did not inform Henderson of the alleged injury. Rankin's truck was repaired, and he continued making his deliveries for the day. At his last delivery, he began experiencing chest pain and required help unloading the freight. Fearing a possible cardiac event, Rankin was taken to the emergency room via ambulance. No cardiac event was found, so he was discharged from the emergency room. The ambulance and emergency-room records do not mention that Rankin suffered a work-related injury or that a 1,000–pound rolltainer struck him in the chest earlier that day. Rankin and Henderson spoke the following day after Henderson learned Rankin had a possible cardiac event. It was at that time Rankin informed her that he had a work-related injury, but he did not elaborate on how the injury occurred.

¶ 4. Rankin was then treated by his personal physician, Dr. Frank Wade. Dr. Wade's records do not contain any reference to a work-related injury on October 1, 2009, or how Rankin injured himself. Per Dr. Wade's instructions, Rankin did not return to work until December 1, 2009. On the following day, Rankin claimed he re-injured himself when he attempted to stop a 1,000–rolltainer from rolling off the end of the truck onto another employee. Rankin did not report this injury until he completed another delivery of freight.

¶ 5. For his December 2, 2009 injury, Rankin returned to Dr. Wade for treatment. He was then directed to Dr. Howard Katz for treatment. Dr. Katz placed Rankin at maximum medical improvement (MMI) on February 17, 2010. Dr. Katz's records also do not contain documentation of the alleged work-related injuries. It is undisputed that Averitt paid all of Rankin's medical bills and temporary total disability benefits (TTD) from October 2009 until April 2010.

¶ 6. After being placed at MMI, Rankin filed his petition to controvert on April 21, 2010.1 Shortly thereafter, Averitt filed its notice of controversion, claiming that Rankin did not suffer a compensable, work-related injury. A hearing before the AJ began on January 31, 2011, and was finished on May 2, 2011. Finding that Rankin suffered compensable, work-related injuries on October 1, 2009, and December 2, 2009, the AJ determined that Rankin was entitled to TTD benefits from October 1, 2009, through February 17, 2010, and permanent partial disability benefits from February 17, 2010, and continuing for 450 weeks.

¶ 7. Averitt filed its petition for review of the AJ's order. It argued that the AJ erred in finding causation was supported by a reasonable medical probability, and this finding was error as a matter of law due to inconsistencies surrounding Rankin's testimony and medical records. Rankin filed a cross-petition for review and clarification of the AJ's order that found his fifty-percent loss of wage earning capacity was reduced by twenty-five percent due to pre-existing injuries.

¶ 8. The parties filed their respective briefs with the Commission, and on January 30, 2012, a hearing was held before the Commission. Immediately prior to the hearing, Rankin filed a motion for sanctions and to strike Averitt's brief because it contained references to Rankin's deposition testimony and a surveillance video that was not presented to the AJ. Further, Rankin claimed that Averitt did not properly file a motion for the late introduction of evidence. Averitt filed its response to Rankin's motion on February 10, 2012, detailing where the testimony and evidence was discussed at the hearing before the AJ.

¶ 9. The Commission entered its order on March 16, 2012, denying and dismissing Rankin's claim for benefits and reversing the AJ's September 8, 2011 order. In its order, the Commission stated: “Based on the evidence as a whole and the applicable law, the Commission finds that [Rankin's] uncorroborated testimony regarding the alleged work-related injury is inconsistent with the evidence as a whole[,] and we find that [Rankin] has not met his burden of proof in establishing a compensable injury.” Rankin's motion for sanctions and to strike Averitt's brief was also denied because the Commission found that Averitt was able to provide cites to the AJ's hearing transcript to support the evidentiary statements in its brief.

¶ 10. Rankin filed his notice of appeal on April 11, 2012, and raises the following issues for the Court to consider:

I. Whether the [Commission] erred when it denied Rankin's motion to strike [Averitt's] brief and for sanctions.

II. Whether the [Commission] erred in holding that [Rankin failed] to meet his burden of proof to establish that his injury [was] causally connected to the work injury suffered to his chest, back, right upper extremity and body as a whole.


¶ 11. The Commission sits as the ultimate finder of fact, and this Court will only reverse the Commission's findings of fact if they are unsupported by substantial evidence. N. Miss. Med. Ctr. v. Stevenson, 12 So.3d 1149, 1151 (¶ 7) (Miss.Ct.App.2009). If the issue is one of law, then this Court will apply a de novo review. Shelby v. Peavey Elec. Corp., 724 So.2d 504, 506 (¶ 8) (Miss.Ct.App.1998).


I. Motion to Strike

¶ 12. Rankin argues that pursuant to Mississippi Workers' Compensation Commission Procedural Rule 9, the Commission erred in denying his motion to strike Averitt's brief. According to Rankin, Averitt “introduced new evidence to the Commission without adhering to Rule 9 in the least.” The evidence in dispute involves Averitt's reference in its brief to a surveillance video that was not shown at the hearing before the AJ. Additionally, Rankin submits that Averitt relied on Rankin's deposition testimony in its brief to the Commission, and Rankin's deposition was not introduced at the hearing before the AJ.

¶ 13. Rule 9 states, in pertinent part:

All testimony and documentary evidence shall be presented at the evidentiary hearing before the Administrative Judge which hearing shall be stenographically reported or recorded. Where additional evidence is offered on the review before the Commission, it shall be admitted in the discretion of the Commission. A motion for the introduction of additional evidence must be made in writing at least five (5) days prior to the date of the hearing of the review by the Commission. Such shall state with particularity the nature of such evidence, the necessity therefor, and the reason it was not introduced at the evidentiary hearing.

Additionally, Mississippi Code Annotated section 71–3–47 (Rev.2011) provides that “the details of practice and procedure in the settlement and adjudication of claims shall be determined by rules of the [C]ommission....” This Court rarely reverses the Commission for the implementation and enforcement of its own procedural rules. Binswanger Mirror v. Wright, 947 So.2d 346, 351 (¶ 17) (Miss.Ct.App.2006) (citation omitted). However, [d]ue process dictates that the Commission is to follow its own procedural due process principles in conducting its duties of administering workers' compensation claims.” Robinson Prop. Group v. Newton, 975 So.2d 256, 260 (¶ 8) (Miss.Ct.App.2007) (citing Bermond v. Casino Magic, 874 So.2d 480, 485 (¶ 11) (Miss.Ct.App.2004)).

¶ 14. We first note that Rankin submits Averitt improperly referenced evidence in its brief to the Commission; however, Averitt's brief to the Commission is not contained in this record for our review. As such, it is difficult for ...

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