Rice v. United States

Decision Date09 February 1929
Docket NumberNo. 5328.,5328.
Citation30 F.2d 681
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Fifth Circuit

Thos. J. Walsh, of Memphis, Tenn., for appellant.

John H. Cook, U. S. Atty., of Clarksdale, Miss., and Lester G. Fant, Asst. U. S. Atty., of Holly Springs, Miss.

Before WALKER and BRYAN, Circuit Judges, and GRUBB, District Judge.

GRUBB, District Judge.

This is an appeal from an order of the District Court denying a petition of appellant to review the sentence imposed by the court upon appellant under her plea of guilty to an indictment containing three counts, charging her with violations of the internal revenue law. The assignments of error present two questions for decision.

First. Were the offenses charged in the indictment existing offenses when committed, or had the pertinent provisions of the revenue law been then superseded and repealed by the National Prohibition Law (27 USCA). This question had been answered by the case of United States v. Stafoff, 260 U. S. 477, 43 S. Ct. 197, 67 L. Ed. 358, as to offenses committed after November 23, 1921, the date of the passage and taking effect of the Supplemental Prohibition Act, commonly called the Willis-Campbell Act (42 Stat. 222). In the Stafoff Case the Supreme Court said: "But the Supplemental Act that we have quoted puts a new face upon later dealings. From the time that it went into effect it had the same operation as if instead of saying that the laws referred to shall continue in force it had enacted them in terms. The form of words is not material when Congress manifests its will that certain rules shall govern henceforth. Swigart v. Baker, 229 U. S. 187, 198 33 S. Ct. 645, 57 L. Ed. 1143. Of course, Congress may tax what it also forbids. 256 U. S. 462 41 S. Ct. 551, 65 L. Ed. 1043. For offenses committed after the new law, United States v. Yuginovich cannot be relied upon." The offenses charged in the indictment were alleged to have been committed after the Willis-Campbell Act had become effective, and were existing offenses, when committed. The plea of guilty waived all defenses other than that the indictment charged no offenses under the laws of the United States.

Second. The appellant contends that the sentence of three years was excessive upon the theory that the indictment, though containing three separate counts, charged but one offense under the revenue laws, and justified the imposition of two years only, which was the maximum term of imprisonment for any of the...

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12 cases
  • Peel v. State
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • February 1, 1963
    ...Carpenters [etc.] v. United States, 330 U.S. 395, 67 S.Ct. 775, 91 L.Ed. 973; United States v. Luvisch, D.C., 17 F2d 200; Rice v. United States, 5 Cir., 30 F.2d 681; Kachnic v. United States, 9 Cir., 53 F.2d 312; Roberto v. United States, 7 Cir., 60 F.2d 774; Forthoffer v. Swope, Warden, 9 ......
  • Young v. State
    • United States
    • Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
    • January 5, 2000
    ...statute, an appeal, directed to that issue, is not foreclosed, Ex Parte Siebold, 100 U.S. 371 (1879); Rice v. United States, 5 Cir., 1929, 30 F.2d 681; United States v. Ury, 2 Cir., 1939, 106 F.2d 28, 124 A.L.R. Id. at 652. Far from being waived, the pre-trial ruling was ultimately held to ......
  • Seiterle v. Superior Court of Riverside County
    • United States
    • California Supreme Court
    • March 15, 1962
    ...prima facie, admitted that the crimes were separate and not indivisible. (See Berg v. United States, 9 Cir., 176 F.2d 122; Rice v. United States, 5 Cir., 30 F.2d 681; Ex parte Thomas, D.C., 55 F.Supp. 30; Ex parte Hall, 94 N.J.Eq. 108, 118 A. 347; People ex rel. Hetenyi v. Johnston, 10 A.D.......
  • United States v. Gallagher
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Third Circuit
    • June 21, 1950
    ...194; Pulliam v. United States, 10 Cir., 1949, 178 F.2d 777; Davilman v. United States, 6 Cir., 1950, 180 F.2d 284. 3 Rice v. United States, 5 Cir., 1929, 30 F.2d 681; Weir v. United States, 7 Cir., 1937, 92 F.2d 634, 635, 114 A.L.R. 481, certiorari denied 302 U.S. 761, 58 S.Ct. 368, 82 L.Ed......
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