Ried v. State, No. 10S04-9306-CR-670

Docket NºNo. 10S04-9306-CR-670
Citation615 N.E.2d 893
Case DateJune 18, 1993
CourtSupreme Court of Indiana

Page 893

615 N.E.2d 893
Steven RIED, Appellant (Defendant Below),
v.
STATE of Indiana, Appellee (Plaintiff Below).
No. 10S04-9306-CR-670.
Supreme Court of Indiana.
June 18, 1993.

Vicki L. Carmichael, Chief Public Defender, Jeffersonville, for appellant.

Linley E. Pearson, Atty. Gen., Cynthia L. Ploughe, Deputy Atty. Gen., Indianapolis, for appellee.

SHEPARD, Chief Justice.

During appellant Steven Ried's trial, the court admitted evidence which might now be excluded under Lannan v. State (1992), Ind., 600 N.E.2d 1334. A divided Court of Appeals held on appeal that such evidence does not constitute fundamental error such that the issue may be argued on appeal without an objection at trial. This is correct.

After an initial mistrial, Ried was convicted of two counts of child molesting, a class C felony, Ind.Code Sec. 35-42-4-3(b) (West 1986), and found to be an habitual offender. He presented two issues on appeal. First, Ried contended that his retrial violated the prohibition against double jeopardy. Second, he contended that the trial court erred in admitting testimony by T.H. that Ried molested her at some point in the past. The Court of Appeals rejected the first of these claims on the merits. It held that the second claim had not been preserved for appellate review because Ried had not objected at trial. The judgment of the trial court was thus affirmed. Ried v. State (1993), Ind.App., 610 N.E.2d 275.

Judge Barteau dissented, saying that admission of T.H.'s testimony should be tested against the Lannan standard. She believed that the admissibility of evidence under the depraved sexual instinct rule should be reviewed under the doctrine of fundamental error. Id., 610 N.E.2d at 281 (Barteau, J., dissenting). Ried's petition to transfer to this Court makes the same claim.

This debate is resolved by Pirnat v. State (1993), Ind., 607 N.E.2d 973. In considering the State's petition for rehearing in Pirnat, we declared that Lannan would apply to "Pirnat and others whose cases properly preserved the issue and whose cases were pending on direct appeal at the time Lannan was decided." Id. at 974.

Ried's case was pending on direct appeal when Lannan was decided, but Ried did not present the issue by objection at trial to the testimony by T.H. The issue is thus not preserved for appellate review. Johnson v. State (1985), Ind., 472 N.E.2d 892. Lannan does not qualify for fundamental error. We grant Ried's petition to transfer and summarily...

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17 practice notes
  • Smylie v. State, No. 41S01-0409-CR-408.
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • March 9, 2005
    ...trial." Coleman, 558 N.E.2d at 1061 (emphasis added). We have utilized this same approach in other cases. See, e.g., Ried v. State, 615 N.E.2d 893 (Ind.1993); Daniels v. State, 561 N.E.2d 487 (Ind.1990). On this principle of appellate law, Indiana jurisprudence is rather ordinary. In U......
  • Brock v. State , No. 38S02–1101–CR–8.
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • October 18, 2011
    ...46 Ind. 582, 585–86 (1874); Kingen v. State, 46 Ind. 132, 134 (1874); Ried v. State, 610 N.E.2d 275, 279 (Ind.Ct.App.), summarily aff'd, 615 N.E.2d 893 (Ind.1993); cf. Reynolds v. Dowd, 232 Ind. 593, 594–95, 114 N.E.2d 640, 641–42 (1953) (holding double-jeopardy claim was unavailable in hab......
  • Gutermuth v. State, No. 10A01-0509-CR-410.
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • June 7, 2006
    ...trial." Coleman, 558 N.E.2d at 1061 (emphasis added). We have utilized this same approach in other cases. See, e.g., Ried v. State, 615 N.E.2d 893 (Ind.1993); Daniels v. State, 561 N.E.2d 487 (Ind.1990). On this principle of appellate law, Indiana jurisprudence is rather ordinary. In U......
  • Brown v. State, No. 82S00-9609-CR-603
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • December 3, 1998
    ...of discretion, using "manifest necessity" as the benchmark. Ried v. State, 610 N.E.2d 275, 279 (Ind.Ct.App.1993), summ. aff'd. 615 N.E.2d 893 One important factor in determining whether manifest necessity exists is whether the reason for granting mistrial can be laid at the feet o......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
17 cases
  • Smylie v. State, No. 41S01-0409-CR-408.
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • March 9, 2005
    ...trial." Coleman, 558 N.E.2d at 1061 (emphasis added). We have utilized this same approach in other cases. See, e.g., Ried v. State, 615 N.E.2d 893 (Ind.1993); Daniels v. State, 561 N.E.2d 487 (Ind.1990). On this principle of appellate law, Indiana jurisprudence is rather ordinary. In U......
  • Brock v. State , No. 38S02–1101–CR–8.
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • October 18, 2011
    ...46 Ind. 582, 585–86 (1874); Kingen v. State, 46 Ind. 132, 134 (1874); Ried v. State, 610 N.E.2d 275, 279 (Ind.Ct.App.), summarily aff'd, 615 N.E.2d 893 (Ind.1993); cf. Reynolds v. Dowd, 232 Ind. 593, 594–95, 114 N.E.2d 640, 641–42 (1953) (holding double-jeopardy claim was unavailable in hab......
  • Gutermuth v. State, No. 10A01-0509-CR-410.
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • June 7, 2006
    ...trial." Coleman, 558 N.E.2d at 1061 (emphasis added). We have utilized this same approach in other cases. See, e.g., Ried v. State, 615 N.E.2d 893 (Ind.1993); Daniels v. State, 561 N.E.2d 487 (Ind.1990). On this principle of appellate law, Indiana jurisprudence is rather ordinary. In U......
  • Brown v. State, No. 82S00-9609-CR-603
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • December 3, 1998
    ...of discretion, using "manifest necessity" as the benchmark. Ried v. State, 610 N.E.2d 275, 279 (Ind.Ct.App.1993), summ. aff'd. 615 N.E.2d 893 One important factor in determining whether manifest necessity exists is whether the reason for granting mistrial can be laid at the feet o......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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