Riverview Realty Co. v. Perosio

CourtNew Jersey Superior Court – Appellate Division
Writing for the CourtLARNER
Citation350 A.2d 517,138 N.J.Super. 270
PartiesRIVERVIEW REALTY CO., Plaintiff-Respondent, v. Carlos PEROSIO, Defendant-Appellant.
Decision Date08 January 1976

Page 270

138 N.J.Super. 270
350 A.2d 517
RIVERVIEW REALTY CO., Plaintiff-Respondent,
v.
Carlos PEROSIO, Defendant-Appellant.
Superior Court of New Jersey,
Appellate Division.
Submitted Dec. 9, 1975.
Decided Jan. 8, 1976.

[350 A.2d 518]

Page 271

William Goldberg, Hackensack, for defendant-appellant.

Solomon Weinstein, Englewood, for plaintiff-respondent.

Before Judges LYNCH, LARNER and FULOP.

The opinion of the court was delivered by

LARNER, J.A.D.

Plaintiff brought this action to recover unpaid rent on a lease which commenced February 1, 1973 and terminated on January 31, 1975. Defendant vacated the premises on or about February 1974 and paid no rent thereafter. The trial judge entered summary judgment for plaintiff for nine months' rent amounting to $4,050 plus interest.

Factual defenses asserted by defendant in his pleadings were unsupported by affidavits and were therefore ignored as frivolous. The sole debatable issue before the trial court was the legal validity of the degense that plaintiff failed to mitigate damages through efforts to re-rent the premises. The judge determined that this defense was not available as a matter of law and that summary judgment in favor of plaintiff was therefore appropriate.

The single issue on this appeal focuses upon the status of the law respecting the availability of the defense of mitigation

Page 272

in a landlord-tenant relationship governed by a lease such as the one controlling this litigation.

The lease herein contained a provision that the tenant was not to assign or sublet without the written consent of the landlord. It also gave the landlord the right to re-enter and re-let the premises as the agent of the tenant--a right which could be exercised at the option of the landlord.

The state of the law in New Jersey at the present time mandates the conclusion that with a lease provision against assignment, abandonment by the tenant permits a landlord to leave the premises vacant for for the balance of the leasehold term and recover the total accrued rent. He has no duty to mitigate damages--a doctrine which is universally applicable to ordinary contract relationships. Joyce v. Bauman, 113 N.J.L. 438, 174 A. 693 (E. & A.1934); Muller v. Beck, 94 N.J.L. 311, 110 A. 831 (Sup.Ct.1920); Zucker v. Dehm, 128 N.J.L. 435, 26 A.2d 564 (Sup.Ct.1942); Heckel v. Griese, 12 N.J.Misc. 211, 171 A. 148 (Sup.Ct.1934); Heyman v. Linwood Park, 41 N.J.Super. 437, 125 A.2d 345 (App.Div.1956); Weiss v. I. Zapinski, Inc., 65 N.J.Super. 351, 167 A.2d 802 (App.Div.1961).

Defendant concedes that such is the status of the law in this State and in a majority of jurisdictions. He urges, however, that this rule of law is anachronistic and that...

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4 practice notes
  • Sommer v. Kridel
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New Jersey)
    • June 29, 1977
    ...452 The Appellate Division affirmed the trial court, holding that it was bound by prior precedents, including Joyce v. Bauman, supra. 138 N.J.Super. 270, 350 A.2d 517 (App.Div.1976). Nevertheless, it freely criticized the rule which it found itself obliged to There appears to be no reason i......
  • Hill v. Yaskin
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New Jersey)
    • December 1, 1977
    ...in the context of a breach of duty to a third party stranger injured by the intervening act of a felon." 138 N.J.Super. at 269, 350 A.2d at 517. While this Court has not yet had occasion to consider the question, there are two decisions of our Appellate Division which are in direct conflict......
  • Hill v. Yaskin
    • United States
    • New Jersey Superior Court – Appellate Division
    • January 8, 1976
    ...on private property? In any event, we do not accede to such an extension of liability whether the parking area is part of one's private [350 A.2d 517] domain or part of a parcel of land conducted as a parking In addition, the key was left in the car by the owner as a practical necessity so ......
  • Riverview Realty Company v. Perosio
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New Jersey)
    • March 16, 1976
    ...191 RIVERVIEW REALTY COMPANY v. Carlos PEROSIO. Supreme Court of New Jersey. March 16, 1976. Petition for certification granted. (See 138 N.J.Super. 270, 350 A.2d...
4 cases
  • Sommer v. Kridel
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New Jersey)
    • June 29, 1977
    ...452 The Appellate Division affirmed the trial court, holding that it was bound by prior precedents, including Joyce v. Bauman, supra. 138 N.J.Super. 270, 350 A.2d 517 (App.Div.1976). Nevertheless, it freely criticized the rule which it found itself obliged to There appears to be no reason i......
  • Hill v. Yaskin
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New Jersey)
    • December 1, 1977
    ...in the context of a breach of duty to a third party stranger injured by the intervening act of a felon." 138 N.J.Super. at 269, 350 A.2d at 517. While this Court has not yet had occasion to consider the question, there are two decisions of our Appellate Division which are in direct conflict......
  • Hill v. Yaskin
    • United States
    • New Jersey Superior Court – Appellate Division
    • January 8, 1976
    ...on private property? In any event, we do not accede to such an extension of liability whether the parking area is part of one's private [350 A.2d 517] domain or part of a parcel of land conducted as a parking In addition, the key was left in the car by the owner as a practical necessity so ......
  • Riverview Realty Company v. Perosio
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New Jersey)
    • March 16, 1976
    ...191 RIVERVIEW REALTY COMPANY v. Carlos PEROSIO. Supreme Court of New Jersey. March 16, 1976. Petition for certification granted. (See 138 N.J.Super. 270, 350 A.2d...

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