Rogers v. Paul, 532

CourtUnited States Supreme Court
Writing for the CourtPER CURIAM; Mr. Justice CLARK, Mr. Justice HARLAN
Citation382 U.S. 198,86 S.Ct. 358,15 L.Ed.2d 265
PartiesPatricia ROGERS et al. v. Edgar F. PAUL et al
Docket NumberNo. 532,532
Decision Date06 December 1965

382 U.S. 198
86 S.Ct. 358
15 L.Ed.2d 265
Patricia ROGERS et al.


Edgar F. PAUL et al.

No. 532.
Dec. 6, 1965.

Jack Greenberg, James M. Nabrit III, Derrick A. Bell, Jr., and George Howard, Jr., for petitioners.

John P. Woods, for respondents.


The petition for writ of certiorari to the Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit and the motion to add

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parties are granted. The judgment of that court is vacated and the case is remanded to the District Court for the Western District of Arkansas for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

1. This class action to desegregate the public high schools of Fort Smith, Arkansas, was commenced several years ago in the name of two Negro students. One of the students has since graduated and the other has entered the last high school grade. A motion to add parties is made on behalf of two additional Negro students. It is alleged therein, and not denied by respondents, that these students are in the 10th and 11th grades of high school and that they are members of the class represented, seeking the same relief for all the reasons offered by the original party plaintiffs. That motion is accordingly granted.

2. The desegregation plan adopted in 1957 desegregates only one grade a year and the 10th, 11th and 12th high school grades are still segregated. The students who are petitioners here were assigned to a Negro high school on the basis of their race.1 Those assignments are constitutionally forbidden not only for the reasons stated in Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483, 74 S.Ct. 686, 98 L.Ed. 873, but also because petitioners are thereby prevented from taking certain courses offered only at another high school limited to white students, see State of Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada, 305 U.S. 337, 59 S.Ct. 232, 83 L.Ed. 208; Sipuel v. Board of Regents, 332 U.S. 631, 68 S.Ct. 299, 92 L.Ed. 247; Sweatt v. Painter, 339 U.S. 629, 70 S.Ct. 848, 94 L.Ed. 1114. Petitioners are entitled to immediate relief; we have emphasized that '(d)elays in desegregating school systems are no longer tolerable.' Bradley v. School Board, 382 U.S. 103, at 105, 86 S.Ct. 224, at 226. Pending the desegregation of the public high

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schools of Fort Smith according to a general plan consistent with this principle, petitioners and those similarly situated shall be allowed immediate transfer to the high school that has the more extensive curriculum and from which they are excluded...

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88 cases
  • Spangler v. Pasadena City Board of Education, Civ. No. 68-1438-R.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Central District of California
    • March 12, 1970 free of racial discrimination in the operation of public schools, in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. Rogers v. Paul, 382 U.S. 198, 86 S.Ct. 358, 15 L.Ed.2d 265 (1965); Bradley v. School Board of City of Richmond, 382 U.S. 103, 86 S.Ct. 224, 15 L.Ed.2d 187 (1965); Green v. County S......
  • Hobson v. Hansen
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of Columbia
    • June 19, 1967
    ...rights of teachers175 and students alike. Bradley v. School Board, 382 U.S. 103, 86 S.Ct. 224 (1965); Rogers v. Paul, 382 U.S. 198, 86 S.Ct. 358, 15 L.Ed.2d 265 (1965) Teacher assignment in Washington on a Division I/II basis in the separate-but-equal regime before Bolling and Brown was, of......
  • Keyes v. School Dist. No. 1, Denver, Colo., Nos. 74-1349
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
    • September 16, 1975
    ...23 L.Ed.2d 263; See also Bradley v. School B'd of City of Richmond, 382 U.S. 103, 86 S.Ct. 224, 15 L.Ed.2d 187; Rogers v. Paul, 382 U.S. 198, 86 S.Ct. 358, 15 L.Ed.2d 265. The portion of the order respecting criteria for demotions and dismissals merely requires that the School District obey......
  • Freeman v. Pitts
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • March 31, 1992
    ...of faculty by race was inextricably tied to racially motivated student assignment practices' "); Rogers v. Paul, 382 U.S. 198, 200, 86 S.Ct. 358, 360, 15 L.Ed.2d 265 (1965) (Students have standing to challenge racial allocation of faculty because "racial allocation of faculty denies them eq......
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    ...of the district court's views"). (79.) See, e.g., Planned Parenthood of Cent. Mo. v. Danforth, 428 U.S. 52, 62 n.2 (1976); Rogers v. Paul, 382 U.S. 198, 200 (1965); cf. FW/PBS, Inc. v. City of Dallas, 493 U.S. 215, 249 (1990) (Stevens, J., concurring in part and dissenting in part) ("I woul......

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