Ryan v. State

CourtSupreme Court of Alabama
Writing for the CourtMcCLELLAN, J.
Citation14 So. 766,100 Ala. 105
PartiesRYAN v. STATE.
Decision Date08 February 1894

14 So. 766

100 Ala. 105


Supreme Court of Alabama

February 8, 1894

Appeal from circuit court, Walker county; James J. Banks, Judge.

Pat Ryan was indicted for murder, and appeals from a conviction of manslaughter in the first degree. Reversed.

The bill of exceptions states that the defendant moved to quash the venire on the trial of this cause. The first ground of the motion is copied in the opinion. The second ground was because, in organizing the petit juries for the second week, the court excused two of the jurors summoned, on the ground that they had served on the regular petit jury in the circuit court one week during that year; and this notwithstanding their names were on the list of the jurors served upon the defendant for the trial of this cause, and the said persons, in open court, waived the right to be excused. The motion to quash was overruled by the court, and the defendant excepted. The only exception reserved to the ruling of the court upon the evidence is sufficiently stated in the opinion. The defendant requested the court, among others, to give the following charge, and duly excepted to the court's refusal to give the same: (10) "If the jury convict the defendant, they may consider the fact that the defendant has been confined in jail about 18 months since the commission of the offense, in mitigation of the punishment they impose."

Coleman & Sowell, for appellant.

Wm. L. Martin, Atty. Gen., for the State.


A motion was made to quash the special venire on the ground that the "list of jurors served on the defendant failed to show what persons had been summoned to serve as petit jurors for the second week of this term of the court, and the return of the sheriff on the venire for the second week showed that S. R. Harris and William Madison were not found, and their names were on the list served on the defendant for the trial of this cause." The facts thus stated in the motion were admitted to be true. The motion was denied. If it was made before the trial was entered upon, it should have been granted. If made after the trial was entered upon, it was properly overruled. Thomas v. State, 94 Ala. 74, 10 So. 432. The bill of exceptions does not inform us at what time, with reference to the beginning of the trial, the motion was made. No presumption can be indulged in that regard which would put the lower court in error. To the contrary, all presumptions are against error, and favorable to regularity. The bill of exceptions must be construed against the appellant, where, as here, it admits of two constructions,-one leading to reversal, and the other to affirmance of the judgment below....

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20 cases
  • Jackson v. State of Ala., s. 75--1186
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
    • 30 de abril de 1976
    ...we note that the appellate courts of that state have consistently denied pre-trial detention credit. See Rayn v. State, Ala. 1894, 100 Ala. 105, 14 So. 766; Bailey v. State, Ala.App.1975, 315 So.2d 136, 137; Robinson v. State, 1971, 47 Ala.App. 51, 249 So.2d 872. Further, the Alabama Court ......
  • Rowe v. State, 3 Div. 379.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • 21 de janeiro de 1943
    ...McDowell v. State, 238 Ala. 101, 189 So. 183; Hill v. State, 207 Ala. 444, 93 So. 460; Matthews v. State, 55 Ala. 187; Ryan v. State, 100 Ala. 105, 14 So. 766; Hunt v. State, 135 Ala. 1, 33 So. 329. That is, facts and circumstances tending prima facie to prove the corpus delicti may be aide......
  • Andrews v. State
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • 11 de janeiro de 1911
    ...supplied.) The soundness of this doctrine of Thomas' Case has never been doubted by this court. It was clearly recognized in Ryan's Case, 100 Ala. 105, 108, 14 So. 766; Dunn's Case, 143 Ala. 67, 71, 39 So. 147; Longmire's Case, 130 Ala. 66, 67, 30 So. 413; Smith's Case, 133 Ala. 73, 77, 31 ......
  • Dodd v. State, 7 Div. 836.
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • 1 de agosto de 1946
    ...in time in order to show the gravity thereof and as shedding light on who was the aggressor in the subsequent difficulty. Ryan v. State, 100 Ala. 105, 14 So. 766; Watts v. State, 177 Ala. 24, 30, 59 So. 270, 272; Nelson v. State, 13 Ala.App. 28, 68 So. 573; Folkes v. State, 17 Ala.App. 119,......
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