Sapir v. United States, No. 534

CourtUnited States Supreme Court
Writing for the CourtPER CURIAM; DOUGLAS
Citation99 L.Ed. 426,348 U.S. 373,75 S.Ct. 422
Decision Date07 March 1955
Docket NumberNo. 534
PartiesBen SAPIR, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES of America

348 U.S. 373
75 S.Ct. 422
99 L.Ed. 426
Ben SAPIR, Petitioner,

v.

UNITED STATES of America.

No. 534.
Decided March 7, 1955.

PER CURIAM.

The petition for writ of certiorari is granted.

We believe that the judgment of the Court of Appeals of October 20, 1954, 216 F.2d 722, reversing and remanding this cause with instructions to dismiss the indictment was correct. It is not necessary for us to pass on the question presented under its subsequent judgment of November 17, 1954, directing a new trial. We vacate the latter judgment, which directed the new trial, and we reinstate the former one which instructed the trial court to dismiss the indictment.

Mr. Justice DOUGLAS, concurring.

Petitioner was convicted by the jury of a conspiracy to defraud the United States. Petitioner moved for a judgment of acquittal. The District Court denied the motion. On appeal, the Court of Appeals held that that motion should have been granted, as the evidence

Page 374

was insufficient to convict. 216 F.2d 722. It accordingly reversed and remanded the cause with instructions to dismiss the indictment. Later, the Government moved to amend the judgment so as to grant a new trial on the ground of newly discovered evidence. The Court of Appeals granted the motion of the Government.

The granting of a new trial after a judgment of acquittal for lack of evidence violates the command of the Fifth Amendment that no person shall 'be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb.'

The correct rule was stated in Kepner v. United States, 195 U.S. 100, at page 130, 24 S.Ct. 797, at page 805, 49 L.Ed. 114, 'It is, then, the settled law of this court that former jeopardy includes one who has been acquitted by a verdict duly rendered * * *.' If the jury had acquitted, there plainly would be double jeopardy to give the Government another go at this citizen. If, as in the Kepner case, the trial judge had rendered a verdict of acquittal, the guarantee against double jeopardy would prevent a new trial of the old offense. I see no difference when the appellate court orders a judgment of acquittal for lack of evidence.

If petitioner had asked for a new trial, different considerations would come into play, for then the defendant opens the whole record for such disposition as might be just. See Bryan v. United States, 338 U.S. 552, 70 S.Ct. 317, 94 L.Ed. 335. And see Trono v. United States, 199 U.S. 521, 26 S.Ct. 121, 50 L.Ed. 292; Stroud v. United...

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85 practice notes
  • Tibbs v. Florida, No. 81-5114
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • 7 Junio 1982
    ...2141, 57 L.Ed.2d 1 (1978) (overruling Bryan v. United States, 338 U.S. 552, 70 S.Ct. 317, 94 L.Ed. 335 (1950), Sapir v. United States, 348 U.S. 373, 75 S.Ct. 422, 99 L.Ed. 426 (1955), and Forman v. United States, 361 U.S. 416, 80 S.Ct. 481, 4 L.Ed.2d 412 (1960)); United States v. Scott, 437......
  • People v. Mitchell, No. D034236.
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals
    • 1 Junio 2000
    ...same offense. [Citations.] Consequently, as Mr. Justice Douglas correctly perceived in Sapir[ v. 81 Cal.App.4th 152 United States (1955) 348 U.S. 373, 75 S.Ct. 422, 99 L.Ed. 426], it should make no difference that the reviewing court, rather than the trial court, determined the evidence to ......
  • U.S. v. Alvarez, No. 74-1933
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (3rd Circuit)
    • 16 Julio 1975
    ...22 See, e. g., Forman v. United States, 361 U.S. 416, 425-26, 80 S.Ct. 481, 4 L.Ed.2d 412 (1960). 23 See Sapir v. United States, 348 U.S. 373, 373-74, 75 S.Ct. 422, 99 L.Ed. 426 (1955) (Douglas, J. 24 See, e. g., Haddigan v. Harkins, 441 F.2d 844, 853 (3d Cir. 1970) (en banc ); Russell v. C......
  • U.S. v. Snider, Nos. 73-1938 and 73-1939
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Fourth Circuit
    • 19 Julio 1974
    ...be considered to be zero. 24 Compare Bryan v. United States, 338 U.S. 552, 70 S.Ct. 317, 94 L.Ed. 335 (1950), with Sapir v. United States, 348 U.S. 373, 374, 75 S.Ct. 422, 99 L.Ed. 426 (1955) (Douglas, J., concurring) and Forman v. United States, 361 U.S. 416 (1960). See United States v. Mu......
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84 cases
  • Tibbs v. Florida, No. 81-5114
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • 7 Junio 1982
    ...2141, 57 L.Ed.2d 1 (1978) (overruling Bryan v. United States, 338 U.S. 552, 70 S.Ct. 317, 94 L.Ed. 335 (1950), Sapir v. United States, 348 U.S. 373, 75 S.Ct. 422, 99 L.Ed. 426 (1955), and Forman v. United States, 361 U.S. 416, 80 S.Ct. 481, 4 L.Ed.2d 412 (1960)); United States v. Scott, 437......
  • People v. Mitchell, No. D034236.
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals
    • 1 Junio 2000
    ...same offense. [Citations.] Consequently, as Mr. Justice Douglas correctly perceived in Sapir[ v. 81 Cal.App.4th 152 United States (1955) 348 U.S. 373, 75 S.Ct. 422, 99 L.Ed. 426], it should make no difference that the reviewing court, rather than the trial court, determined the evidence to ......
  • U.S. v. Alvarez, No. 74-1933
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (3rd Circuit)
    • 16 Julio 1975
    ...22 See, e. g., Forman v. United States, 361 U.S. 416, 425-26, 80 S.Ct. 481, 4 L.Ed.2d 412 (1960). 23 See Sapir v. United States, 348 U.S. 373, 373-74, 75 S.Ct. 422, 99 L.Ed. 426 (1955) (Douglas, J. 24 See, e. g., Haddigan v. Harkins, 441 F.2d 844, 853 (3d Cir. 1970) (en banc ); Russell v. C......
  • U.S. v. Snider, Nos. 73-1938 and 73-1939
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Fourth Circuit
    • 19 Julio 1974
    ...be considered to be zero. 24 Compare Bryan v. United States, 338 U.S. 552, 70 S.Ct. 317, 94 L.Ed. 335 (1950), with Sapir v. United States, 348 U.S. 373, 374, 75 S.Ct. 422, 99 L.Ed. 426 (1955) (Douglas, J., concurring) and Forman v. United States, 361 U.S. 416 (1960). See United States v. Mu......
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1 books & journal articles
  • The Warren Court - After Three Terms
    • United States
    • Political Research Quarterly Nbr. 9-4, December 1956
    • 1 Diciembre 1956
    ...348 U.S. 142 (1954); Smith v. United States, 348 U.S. 147 (1954); Sullivan v. United States, 348 U.S. 170 (1954); Sapir v. United States, 348 U.S. 373 (1955); and United States v. Bramblett, 348 U.S. 503 (1955). 27 Offutt v. United States, 348 U.S. 11 (1954); Opper v. United States, 348 U.S......

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