Shannon v. Retail Clerks, International P. Ass'n, 7840.

Decision Date12 May 1942
Docket NumberNo. 7840.,7840.
PartiesSHANNON et al. v. RETAIL CLERKS, INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASS'N et al.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Seventh Circuit

Howard D. Geter and Otto L. Kolar, both of Chicago, Ill., for appellants.

Abraham W. Brussell and Daniel D. Carmell, both of Chicago, Ill., for appellee.

Before EVANS, SPARKS, and KERNER, Circuit Judges.

EVANS, Circuit Judge.

This controversy involves a dispute between a national and a local labor union. Plaintiffs, acting for the local union, brought suit, wherein the relief sought was a temporary injunction against the threatened action of the defendant, the national union. This action included (a) removing the charter, books, documents, and other papers and funds, belonging to plaintiffs, and (b) interference with the conduct of the local's business, etc.

Defendants answered this complaint, and by counterclaim, sought affirmative relief, to-wit, the possession of the books and funds of the plaintiff.

The determination was on the verified pleadings only.

The court made two so-called restraining orders. One was dated October 21, 1941, and the other bore date of October 24th. The appeal was taken from an order allegedly dated October 20th. As there is no order of that date in the record, and as there were two orders, one, October 24th, modifying, in part at least, the order of October 21st, we are at a loss to know what order is assailed.

The litigation cloaks a bitter contest over the control of the local union, whose membership is composed of store clerks. Defendants assert the local is dominated by "a notorious criminal." The local, on the other hand, charges the national union with trying to swing an election by votes of persons who had not theretofore been members of the association and whose names and fees had been presented, for the first time, a few hours before the election. The complaint also describes in detail the arbitrary action and arrogant threats of defendants against the local's secretary-treasurer, to force her to recognize the new voters and to terrorize her into turning over the local's possessions consisting of books, cash, records, etc.

The counterclaim is equally unrestrained in its charges, and in pungent terms berates the conduct of the local in failing to acknowledge the alleged new members. It charges the local's relations with, and domination by, an alleged "notorious criminal."

It is difficult, if not impossible, to reconcile the pleadings, though both were verified.

The District Court, at first, granted the order prayed for by defendants. It enjoined plaintiffs from removing books, papers, etc., and directed plaintiffs to deliver said documents to the national union's agent. The court, shortly thereafter, changed this order and directed that the documents be placed in the hands of Mr. Keenan, an appointee of the court. No proof to the contrary appearing, we assume that the appointee, Mr. Keenan, is an impartial third party; that he was to act for the court, as a custodian, and to receive funds and pay necessary operating expenses of the local.

A study of the pleadings convinces us that the District Court acted wisely when it entered its second order. It placed the papers and documents and funds in the hands of a custodian. It could hardly have done otherwise, unless it were to accept the fact allegations of one party — disputed by charges of the other. (If it accepted the fact allegations of both pleadings, it surely would want an outside custodian to represent it.) Until a hearing on the merits could be had, it was impossible to say, with reasonable assurance of accuracy, what the facts were. The purpose of the temporary injunction or restraining order was to maintain the status quo. On appeal such an order will not be disturbed unless there is an abuse of discretion. State of Alabama v. United States, 279 U.S. 229, 49 S. Ct. 266, 73 L.Ed. 675; Independent Cheese Co. v. Kraft Phenix Corp., 7 Cir., 56 F.2d 575.

However, the court failed to comply with the requirements of two rules (65(d) and 52(a) of the Rules of Federal Procedure, 28 U.S.C.A. following section 723c.

Rule 65(d) provides: "Every order granting an injunction and every restraining order shall set forth the reasons for its issuance; shall be specific in terms; shall describe in reasonable detail, and not by reference to the complaint or other document, the act or acts sought to be restrained; * * *."

And Rule 52(a) reads: "In granting or refusing interlocutory injunctions the court shall similarly set forth the findings...

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18 cases
  • American Can Co. v. Mansukhani
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Seventh Circuit
    • August 10, 1984
    ...worded, mandatory provisions which should be respected. They are not meaningless words." Shannon v. Retail Clerks, International Protective Association, 128 F.2d 553, 555 (7th Cir.1942). A temporary injunction can be an extremely powerful weapon, and when such an order is issued ex parte, t......
  • Schermerhorn v. CenturyTel, Inc. (In re Skyport Global Commc'n, Inc.)
    • United States
    • U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Southern District of Texas
    • August 7, 2013
    ...and for all purposes. See Clarkson Co., Ltd. v. Shaheen, 544 F.2d 624, 632-33 (2d Cir. 1976); Shannon v. Retail Clerks, Int'l. P. Assoc., 128 F.2d 553, 555 (7th Cir. 1942). Rather, "[t]he Court's inherent power to vindicate its authority, necessary to the preservation of the judicial instit......
  • Yoshizaki v. Hilo Hospital
    • United States
    • Hawaii Supreme Court
    • May 1, 1967
    ...Borden's Dairy Delivery Co., 156 F.2d 798 (9th Cir.); Wilson v. Southern Ry. Co., 147 F.2d 165 (5th Cir.); Shannon v. Retail Clerks, Int'l Protective Ass'n, 128 F.2d 553 (7th Cir.); see also Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 83 S.Ct. 227, 9 L.Ed.2d 222.2 See note 10, infra.3 There is authority ......
  • Urbain v. Knapp Brothers Manufacturing Company
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Sixth Circuit
    • December 1, 1954
    ...289 U.S. 67, 53 S.Ct. 514, 77 L.Ed. 1036; City of Sumpter v. Spur Distributing Co., 4 Cir., 110 F.2d 649; Shannon v. Retail Clerks, International Protective Ass'n, 7 Cir., 128 F.2d 553; Brown v. Quinlan, 7 Cir., 138 F.2d 228; Bowles v. Russell Packing Co., 7 Cir., 140 F.2d 354; Sims v. Gree......
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