Shaskan v. Waltham Industries Corp.

Decision Date25 February 1975
Citation357 A.2d 472,168 Conn. 43
CourtConnecticut Supreme Court

Samuel V. Schoonmaker III, Stamford, with whom was Paul E. Knag, Stamford, for defendant Chase Manhattan Bank.

Gerald M. Fox, Jr., Stamford, with whom was Frank H. D'Andrea, Jr., Stamford, and with whom, on the brief, were Joseph Richichi and William Selsberg, Stamford, for defendants Chemical Bank New York Trust Co., Franklin Nat. Bank, and New England Merchants Nat. Bank of Boston.


SHAPIRO, Associate Justice.

This is a foreclosure action brought by the holder of the first mortgage against various named defendants. After foreclosure by sale, and payment of the first mortgage and expenses of sale, the balance of the proceeds was held for distribution by the court below pending determination of priorities by this court.

The record discloses some pertinent facts and the parties stipulated as to certain other facts. The facts may be summarized as follows: On November 19, 1968, the defendant Waltham Industries Corporation (hereinafter Waltham) acting by its president, Frederick C. Rieck, mortgaged certain real property in Stamford to the plaintiff, George L. Shaskan (hereinafter Shaskan). On September 12, 1969, Waltham (now known as Waltham Resources Corporation) conveyed its equity in the premises to the defendants Frederick C. Rieck (hereinafter Mr. Rieck) and Joyce A. Rieck (hereinafter Mrs. Rieck) who assumed the mortgage given by Waltham to Shaskan. On February 26, 1970, the defendant Lee Bunting (hereinafter Bunting) placed an attachment against Mr. Rieck's interest in said realty. On May 15, s970, the defendants Chemical Bank New York Trust Company (hereinafter Chemical), Franklin National Bank (hereinafter Franklin), and New England Merchants National Bank of Boston (hereinafter Merchants), each made attachments of Mr. Rieck's interest in the realty and simultaneously commenced actions against him. The aforesaid attachments were made in conformity with the requirements of Connecticut General Statutes § 52-279 1 'and other Connecticut law then in effect' and were made without prior notice, hearing, determination of probable cause, showing of special circumstances or court order, none of which was waived by Mr. Rieck. 2 The actions brought by Bunting, Chemical, Franklin, and Merchants resulted in valid and final judgments rendered on October 16, 1970, for Chemical, Franklin, and Merchants, and on October 6, 1972, for Bunting. In each case a valid judgment lien was duly recorded in the Stamford land records within four months of the entry of judgment, and, as required by General Statutes § 49-44, 3 the judgment liens properly referred to the attachments. On June 10, 1970, the defendant Chase Manhattan Bank (hereinafter Chase), having actual notice of the aforesaid attachments against Mr. Rieck's interest in the realty, and in order to secure a pre-existing debt, 4 took from Mr. and Mrs. Rieck, as joint tenants, a second mortgage on their property, which was recorded on June 11, 1970.

On October 13, 1972, Shaskan, who had brought an action for foreclosure of his first mortgage on the subject premises, obtained a judgment of foreclosure by sale which subsequently was modified as to the date of sale. The property was sold and the sale confirmed by the court. On July 27, 1973, by supplemental judgment, the remainder of the proceeds from the sale, after payment to Shaskan and payment of certain expenses incurred as a result of the sale, was ordered held in court pending further determination of priorities. The matter came to this court by a stipulation, signed by Shaskan, Chase, Chemical, Franklin, Merchants, bunting and one Paul Stevens, for 'the purpose of determining priorities between creditors of record,' and to determine whether 'the judgment liens filed against real estate . . ., which judgment liens were filed prior to May 30, 1973, relate back to the date of the real estate attachments made pursuant to the then existing law of Connecticut . . ..' The stipulation provides further that in the event the judgment liens relate back to the dates of the filing of the attachments, Chase is entitled to one-half of the remaining proceeds of the sale, 5 Bunting is entitled to satisfaction of his claim up to the amount of his attachment, and the remainder, under an agreement between them, to be divided among Chemical, Franklin and Merchants. In the event that the judgment liens do not relate back to the dates of the filing of the attachments, Chase would be entitled to the entire remaining proceeds of the sale.

Chase makes the claim that attachments made pursuant to § 52-279 are not constitutionally valid since the attachments against Mr. Rieck's interest in the realty were made without prior notice to him, affording him a hearing in court, a determination of probable cause or, in the alternative, a showing of special circumstances, and, further, that there was no waiver from Mr. Rieck as to such proceedings-all in violation of Mr. Rieck's due process rights under the fourteenth amendment to the United States constitution and article first of the Connecticut constitution. The further claim is made that the judgment liens prescribed by § 49-44 cannot relate back to such constitutionally defective attachments. The defendants Chemical, Franklin, and Merchants assert that Chase does not have standing to challenge the constitutionality of the instant real estate attachments on the grounds that said attachments constitutionally affect Mr. Rieck's rights, because those attachments were made against property interest owned by him, not by the defendant Chase; and that the attachments were made in actions separate and distinct from the instant case and said attachments were reduced to valid judgment liens as already recited.

'Standing is an aspect of justiciability and, as such, the problem of standing is surrounded by the same complexities and vagaries that inhere in justiciability.' Flast v. Cohen, 392 U.S. 83, 98, 88 S.Ct. 1942, 1952, 20 L.Ed.2d 947. The constitutional question of standing is complex and has received the attention of the courts as well as of many academicians. Citing but a few-see New Haven v. Public Utilities Commission, 165 Conn. 687, 345 A.2d 563; Sierra Club v. Morton, 405 U.S. 727, 92 S.Ct. 1361, 31 L.Ed.2d 636; Data Processing Service v. Camp, 397 U.S. 150, 90 S.Ct. 827, 25 L.Ed.2d 184; Flast v. Cohen, supra; Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186, 82 S.Ct. 691, 7 L.Ed.2d 663; Poe v. Ullman, 367 U.S. 497, 81 S.Ct. 1752, 6 L.Ed.2d 989; Tennessee Power Co. v. T.V.A., 306 U.S. 118, 59 S.Ct. 366, 83 L.Ed. 543; Massachusetts v. Mellon, 262 U.S. 447, 43 S.Ct. 597, 67 L.Ed. 1078; Scenic Hudson Preservation Conference v. Federal Power Commission, 354 F.2d 608 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 384 U.S. 941, 86 S.Ct. 1492, 16 L.Ed.2d 540; note, 'Mootness and Ripeness: The Postman Always Rings Twice,' 65 Colum.L.Rev. 867; Jaffe, 'Standing Again,' 84 Harv.L.Rev. 633; Lewis, 'Constitutional Rights and the Misuse of 'Standing," 14 Stan.L.Rev. 433; Davis, 'The Liberalized Law of Standing,' 37 U.Chi.L.Rev. 450; Davis, 'Standing: Taxpayers and Others,' 35 U.Chi.L.Rev. 601.

In order for a party to challenge the constitutionality of a statute or an action predicated thereon he must have standing. Standing focuses on whether that party is the proper party to...

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32 cases
  • State v. Campbell
    • United States
    • Connecticut Supreme Court
    • December 15, 1992
    ...of direct injury he has suffered or is likely to suffer, in an individual or representative capacity"); Shaskan v. Waltham Industries Corporation, 168 Conn. 43, 49, 357 A.2d 472 (1975). Second, the defendant compares civilians subject to commitment under General Statutes (Rev. to 1987) §§ 1......
  • State v. Bradley
    • United States
    • Connecticut Court of Appeals
    • December 24, 2019
    ...the wrongs of another who seeks no redress." (Citations omitted; internal quotation marks omitted.) Shaskan v. Waltham Industries Corp. , 168 Conn. 43, 49–50, 357 A.2d 472 (1975).For the foregoing reasons, we conclude that the defendant does not have standing to raise his equal protection c......
  • Carrubba v. Moskowitz
    • United States
    • Connecticut Court of Appeals
    • February 3, 2004
    ...that a person cannot gain standing by asserting the due process rights possessed by another individual. See Shaskan v. Waltham Industries Corp., 168 Conn. 43, 49, 357 A.2d 472 (1975). Thus, once the court finds it appropriate to appoint counsel for a minor child under § 46b-54, that represe......
  • State v. Bradley
    • United States
    • Connecticut Supreme Court
    • October 5, 2021
    ...the wrongs of another who seeks no redress." (Citations omitted; internal quotation marks omitted.) Shaskan v. Waltham Industries Corp. , 168 Conn. 43, 49–50, 357 A.2d 472 (1975). Long , instead, stands for the proposition that, although a party has individual standing to challenge alleged ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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