Shull v. Dugger

Citation12 Fla. L. Weekly 585,515 So.2d 748
Decision Date25 November 1987
Docket NumberNo. 71162,71162
Parties12 Fla. L. Weekly 585 John Garland SHULL, Petitioner, v. Richard L. DUGGER, Secretary, Florida Department of Corrections, Respondent.
CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Florida

John Garland Shull, in pro. per.

Robert A. Butterworth, Atty. Gen., and Mark C. Menser, Asst. Atty. Gen., Tallahassee, for respondent.

BARKETT, Justice.

Petitioner seeks a writ of habeas corpus, alleging that he is entitled to be released from continued detention because his sentence has been served. We grant the writ and remand to the circuit court for proceedings consistent with this opinion.

On December 31, 1984, petitioner was sentenced to ten years for grand theft. This sentence constituted a departure from the recommended guidelines sentence based upon the habitual offender statute. The First District Court of Appeal reversed petitioner's sentence and remanded for resentencing. Shull v. State, 512 So.2d 1021 (Fla. 1st DCA 1987). The state then moved to stay the district court's mandate and persuaded the court to certify the following question as one of great public importance:

IS APPELLANT PERMITTED TO ATTACK COLLATERALLY THE LEGALITY OF HIS GUIDELINES DEPARTURE SENTENCE BY RULE 3.850 MOTION FOR POST-CONVICTION RELIEF ON THE BASIS THAT THE SOLE REASON FOR DEPARTURE, HIS STATUS AS A HABITUAL OFFENDER, ALTHOUGH VALID UNDER A LOWER APPELLATE COURT DECISION AT THE TIME IMPOSED, IS INVALID UNDER A SUBSEQUENTLY ISSUED SUPREME COURT DECISION ENUNCIATING A DIFFERENT CONSTRUCTION OF THE SENTENCING STATUTES AND SENTENCING GUIDELINES RULE?

Id. at 1022. In response to the present petition for habeas corpus, however, the state advises that it will not pursue the certified question and concedes that petitioner is entitled to resentencing.

The state does suggest, however, that petitioner "is not entitled to release prior to resentencing since the trial court may be able to justify a departure from the sentencing guidelines." (Emphasis added). We decline to accept the state's position on this point.

Generally, when all of the reasons stated by the trial court in support of departure are found invalid, resentencing following remand must be within the presumptive guidelines sentence. Williams v. State, 492 So.2d 1308 (Fla.1986); Foister v. State, 510 So.2d 371 (Fla. 1st DCA 1987); Royal v. State, 508 So.2d 1313 (Fla. 2d DCA 1987); Carter v. State; 485 So.2d 1292 (Fla. 4th DCA), rev. denied, 494 So.2d 1149 (Fla.1986).

Some of our district courts, however, have distinguished the situation where the only reason given for departure was valid at the time under the appellate decisions which had considered it but was later invalidated by this Court. Under these peculiar circumstances, some courts have held that the trial court on remand may again depart from the guidelines if the new reasons given existed at the time of the original sentencing and are valid reasons for departure. E.g., Brumley v. State, 512 So.2d 220 (Fla. 1st DCA 1987); Brewer v. State, 502 So.2d 1367 (Fla. 2d DCA 1987); Morganti v. State, 510 So.2d 1182 (Fla. 4th DCA 1987); Central Bell v. State, 500 So.2d 217 (Fla. 1st DCA 1986). But see Albury v. State, 503 So.2d 460 (Fla. 3d DCA 1987); Wade v. State, 513 So.2d 1358 (Fla. 2d DCA 1987); Davis v. State, 514 So.2d 1155 (Fla. 2d DCA 1987).

We see no reason for making an exception to the general rule requiring resentencing within the guidelines merely because the...

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204 cases
  • Felts v. State
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • 14 January 1988
    ...trial judge on remand to overcome the presumption of invalidity by some further justification of the departure sentence. In Shull v. Dugger, 515 So.2d 748 (Fla.1987), involving a departure sentence which was arguably "presumptively invalid", 8 the supreme court rejected the State's suggesti......
  • State v. Collins
    • United States
    • Florida Supreme Court
    • 5 June 2008
    ...discussion, we: (A) explain that a resentencing is a de novo proceeding; (B) discuss the inapplicability of our decision in Shull v. Dugger, 515 So.2d 748 (Fla.1987), to habitual offender sentencing; (C) explain that our decision does not implicate double jeopardy concerns; and (D) explain ......
  • State v. Fleming
    • United States
    • Florida Supreme Court
    • 3 February 2011
    ...but it was an upward departure sentence rather than a guidelines sentence. Isaac, 911 So.2d at 814–15. 7. Our holding in Shull v. Dugger, 515 So.2d 748, 750 (1987), “that a trial court may not enunciate new reasons for a departure sentence after the reasons given for the original departure ......
  • Moore v. State, BR-495
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • 6 April 1988
    ...to point two, we reverse the departure sentence, and remand for resentencing within the recommended guidelines range. See Shull v. Dugger, 515 So.2d 748 (Fla.1987); Williams v. State, 492 So.2d 1308 (Fla.1986). Finally, we reverse point three and remand with directions to hold further proce......
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