Snelling State Bank v. Clasen, No. 19630[53].

CourtSupreme Court of Minnesota (US)
Citation157 N.W. 643,132 Minn. 404
Decision Date28 April 1916
PartiesSNELLING STATE BANK v. CLASEN.
Docket NumberNo. 19630[53].

132 Minn. 404
157 N.W. 643

SNELLING STATE BANK
v.
CLASEN.

No. 19630[53].

Supreme Court of Minnesota.

April 28, 1916.


Appeal from District Court, Hennepin County; W. E. Hale, Judge.

Action by the Snelling State Bank against Mathias Clasen. From an order denying a new trial, defendant appeals. Affirmed.


Syllabus by the Court

The indorsee of negotiable paper, taken as collateral security for an antecedent debt, is in the position of a purchaser for value.

The words ‘as per contract,’ written on the back of a note at the time of its execution, under which the payee indorses at the time of the negotiation, do not affect the negotiability of the note.

Such words cannot be overlooked by the purchaser; but when a contract accompanies the note and passes to the purchaser, the contract not giving the maker a defense, he is not charged by such words with knowledge of another agreement giving a defense.

When there is fraud in the inception of a note or in its negotiation, the burden is upon the indorsee of proving that he purchased before maturity, in due course, for value, and that he was without notice of equities in the maker; but the negotiation of a note, given in part payment of the purchase of lands, with an agreement that if the maker is dissatisfied upon inspection the payee will return it, does not constitute such fraud.

The right to call an officer of an adverse party for cross-examination under G. S. 1913, § 8377, R. L. 1905, § 4662, is to be determined as the situation is at the time of the trial; and there is no right to cross-examine one not an officer at the time of the trial, though he was an officer at the time of the transaction involved.


[157 N.W. 644]

John F. Bernhagen, of Minneapolis, for appellant.

John A. Pearson, of St. Paul, for respondent.


DIBELL, C.

Action upon a promissory note. The court directed a verdict for the plaintiff. The defendant appeals from the order denying his motion for a new trial.

The note was made by the defendant Clasen on February 7, 1913, to one Harris. Harris indorsed it in blank. It was delivered by the holder, one McGray, who received it from Harris, to the plaintiff bank as collateral security to a note then owing to the bank and as collateral security for future advances. McGray did not indorse it. On the back of the note, and above the indorsement of Harris, appear the words ‘as per contract.’ They were put on the note at the time of its execution. This note was one of four notes of equal amount given by Clasen to Harris as a part of the consideration of a written contract for the sale of lands in British Columbia. On the same day another agreement in writing was made by Clasen and Harris, providing, in effect, that if upon inspection Clasen was not satisfied with the lands, or with other lands shown him, Harris would return the notes and pay back the cash payment made.

Afterwards Clasen demanded the return of the notes, pursuant to this agreement, and Harris failed to return them. The sale contract accompanied the note at the time McGray gave it to the bank. The other agreement did not.

[1] 1. Under our decisions the indorsee of negotiable paper, taken as collateral security for an antecedent debt, is a purchaser for value, and has such title as a purchaser for a consideration paid at the time. Rosemond v. Graham, 54 Minn. 323, 56 N. W. 38,40 Am. St. Rep. 336;German-American State Bank v. Lyons, 127 Minn. 390, 149 N. W. 658.

2. The presence of the words ‘as per contract’ on the back of the note did not affect its negotiability, using the word ‘negotiability’ in its large sense as including the passing of title free of equities in favor of the maker and against the payee, as well as the transfer of title by indorsement; that is, the right of a bona fide purchaser for value before maturity and in due course of business was not affected. It is essential to the negotiability of an instrument that the promise be to pay a definite sum in money, absolutely and not contingently, and generally and not out of a particular fund. Hillstrom v. Anderson, 46 Minn. 382, 49 N. W. 187. A recital of the consideration does not destroy negotiability. Wright v. Traver, 73 Mich. 493, 41 N. W. 517,3 L. R. A. 50;Clanin v. Esterly, etc., Co., 118 Ind. 372, 21 N. E. 35,3 L. R. A. 863;Hillstrom v. Anderson, 46 Minn. 382, 49 N. W. 187; 7 Cyc. 580. In Taylor v. Curry, 109 Mass. 36, 12 Am. Rep. 661, the words ‘on policy No. 33,386,’ written on the face of the note, were held not to affect its negotiability. To the same effect are Union Ins. Co. v. Greenleaf, 64 Me. 123; Bresee v. Crumpton, 121 N. C. 122, 28 S. E. 351;Kirk v. Dodge, etc., Ins. Co., 39 Wis. 138, 20 Am. Rep. 39. In First Nat. Bank v. Lightner, 74 Kan. 736, 88 Pac. 59,8 L. R. A. (N. S.) 231, 118 Am. St. Rep. 353,11 Ann. Cas. 596, the words ‘on...

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46 practice notes
  • First Nat. Bank & Trust Co. of Muskogee v. Heilman, No. 677.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
    • December 5, 1932
    ...195 Iowa, 1032, 188 N. W. 844, 191 N. W. 787; People's State Bank v. Miller, 185 Mich. 565, 152 N. W. 257; Snelling State Bank v. Clasen, 132 Minn. 404, 157 N. W. 643, 6 A. L. R. 1663; Metropolitan Discount Co. v. Baker, 176 N. C. 546, 97 S. E. 495; Northern Sav. Bank v. Kelly, 31 N. D. 582......
  • Taylor & Co. v. Nehi Bottling Co., No. 10607.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas
    • May 10, 1930
    ...v. Lewis, 170 N. C. 47, 86 S. E. 804; Camden Nat'l Bank v. Fries-Breslin Co., 214 Pa. 395, 63 A. 1022; Snelling State Bank v. Clasen, 132 Minn. 404, 157 N. W. 643, 6 A. L. R. These holdings are fairly illustrated by the following from the Supreme Court of Washington in Keene v. Behan, supra......
  • King Cattle Co. v. Joseph, No. 23,831.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Minnesota (US)
    • March 28, 1924
    ...the transaction or to some other instrument. Section 5815, G. S. 1913 (section 3 Uniform Neg. Inst. Act.); Snelling State Bank v. Clasen, 132 Minn. 404, 157 N. W. 643, 6 A. L. R. 1663; Polk County State Bank v. Walters, 145 Minn. 149, 176 N. W. 496; International Finance Co. v. N. W. Drug C......
  • Snelling State Bank v. Clasen, Nos. 19,630 - (53).
    • United States
    • Minnesota Supreme Court
    • April 28, 1916
    ...furnish a ground for reversal. Usually they would not constitute prejudicial error. Order affirmed. --------------- Notes: 1. Reported in 157 N. W. 643. --------------- ...
  • Request a trial to view additional results
46 cases
  • First Nat. Bank & Trust Co. of Muskogee v. Heilman, No. 677.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
    • December 5, 1932
    ...195 Iowa, 1032, 188 N. W. 844, 191 N. W. 787; People's State Bank v. Miller, 185 Mich. 565, 152 N. W. 257; Snelling State Bank v. Clasen, 132 Minn. 404, 157 N. W. 643, 6 A. L. R. 1663; Metropolitan Discount Co. v. Baker, 176 N. C. 546, 97 S. E. 495; Northern Sav. Bank v. Kelly, 31 N. D. 582......
  • Taylor & Co. v. Nehi Bottling Co., No. 10607.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas
    • May 10, 1930
    ...v. Lewis, 170 N. C. 47, 86 S. E. 804; Camden Nat'l Bank v. Fries-Breslin Co., 214 Pa. 395, 63 A. 1022; Snelling State Bank v. Clasen, 132 Minn. 404, 157 N. W. 643, 6 A. L. R. These holdings are fairly illustrated by the following from the Supreme Court of Washington in Keene v. Behan, supra......
  • King Cattle Co. v. Joseph, No. 23,831.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Minnesota (US)
    • March 28, 1924
    ...the transaction or to some other instrument. Section 5815, G. S. 1913 (section 3 Uniform Neg. Inst. Act.); Snelling State Bank v. Clasen, 132 Minn. 404, 157 N. W. 643, 6 A. L. R. 1663; Polk County State Bank v. Walters, 145 Minn. 149, 176 N. W. 496; International Finance Co. v. N. W. Drug C......
  • Snelling State Bank v. Clasen, Nos. 19,630 - (53).
    • United States
    • Minnesota Supreme Court
    • April 28, 1916
    ...furnish a ground for reversal. Usually they would not constitute prejudicial error. Order affirmed. --------------- Notes: 1. Reported in 157 N. W. 643. --------------- ...
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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