Spoonmore v. State, 2-480A95

Decision Date30 September 1980
Docket NumberNo. 2-480A95,2-480A95
PartiesDavid B. SPOONMORE, Defendant-Appellant, v. STATE of Indiana, Plaintiff-Appellee.
CourtIndiana Appellate Court

Donald H. Dunnuck, Muncie, for defendant-appellant.

Theodore L. Sendak, Atty. Gen., Frank A. Baldwin, Deputy Atty. Gen., Indianapolis, for plaintiff-appellee.

NEAL, Judge.

STATEMENT OF THE CASE

This is an appeal by the defendant-appellant, David B. Spoonmore (Spoonmore), from a conviction of rape by a jury in the Delaware Circuit Court.

We affirm.

ISSUES

Spoonmore raises two issues on this appeal. First, he alleges that the State failed to prove venue, and second, he alleges insufficiency of the evidence.

STATEMENT OF THE FACTS

The evidence most favorable to support the conviction, as stated by the prosecutrix, discloses that on May 24, 1977, at approximately 12:00 o'clock midnight, the prosecutrix was walking down Madison Street in Muncie, Delaware County, Indiana. A car owned by Spoonmore and driven by John Markwell, with Spoonmore as a passenger, pulled up to the curb and the men asked the prosecutrix if she wanted a ride. She declined, but the two men persisted. Finally Spoonmore jumped from the car and pushed the prosecutrix into the back seat, and the two men drove off. The prosecutrix demanded her release, but the men continued their course and eventually parked in the parking lot of Southside High

School. At this point Markwell got into the back seat with the prosecutrix, pushed her down in the seat, and told Spoonemore to drive out in the country, which Spoonmore did. As Spoonmore drove Markwell began forcefully tearing off the prosecutrix's clothing. Although five feet tall and weighing 80 pounds, she resisted, but to no avail. In the process of the scuffle, she bit and scratched Markwell; he choked her, slapped and beat her, and pulled her hair. The men drove into Henry County where the car ran out of gasoline. There both men forcibly, and against her will, took turns having sexual intercourse with the prosecutrix. She testified to the requisite penetration. When rescued, she was hysterical.

DISCUSSION AND DECISION

Issue I. Venue

Spoonmore argues that the State did not prove venue in Delaware County. The record discloses that Spoonmore did not raise the question of venue until he did so in his motion to correct errors. In Reynolds v. State, (1970) 254 Ind. 478, 260 N.E.2d 793, our Supreme Court held that the failure to raise the question of venue at the trial effected a waiver of that issue. The court said in 254 Ind. at 481, 260 N.E.2d 793:

"It is well settled that the question as to which of the two courts of general jurisdiction should try a crime does not involve the jurisdiction of the subject matter, but only the place of trial. It is a question of venue and it may be waived by the defendant." (Citations omitted.)

Reynolds, supra, was a rape case with facts similar to these, where the location was not exactly known. Spoonmore cites Quassy v. State, (1975), 167 Ind.App. 205, 338 N.E.2d 283, and Woodall v. State, (1974) 162 Ind.App. 39, 317 N.E.2d 900, as authority that the question of venue can be raised for the first time in the motion to correct errors. A reading of those cases discloses no such holding; they concerned only the sufficiency of evidence of venue. Our research has discovered no authority overruling Reynolds, supra.

Whether it was waived or not, Spoonmore's contention is without merit. Our venue statute is Ind. Code 35-1.1-2-1 (Supp.1980) which provides, in relevant part, as follows:

"(d) If the commission of an offense is commenced in one county and is consummated in another county, trial may be had in either of the counties."

This statute was applied in French v. State, (1977) 266 Ind. 276, 362 N.E.2d 834. There the defendant was charged in Madison County with first degree murder while engaged in a kidnapping, kidnapping, commission of a felony (robbery) while armed, commission of a felony (rape) while armed, and carrying a handgun without a license. The facts in French showed that the defendant robbed a grocery store in Madison County where he kidnapped a girl, and that he killed her in Hamilton County. The court held that the basis for venue was sufficient under the statute for the murder trial, and the trial court did not err in refusing to transfer the murder case to Hamilton County. The court said in 362 N.E.2d at 839:

"The evidence in this case showed that the robbery, abduction, sexual attacks, and murder charged were all integrally related. One act led to another in what, for purposes of venue, may be considered a single chain of events."

In the instant case the abduction, abuse and tearing off of the prosecutrix's clothing commenced in Delaware County, but the rape was consummated in Henry County. Spoonmore was a principal to the entire matter. Under the authority of French, supra, the acts of Spoonmore and Markwell constituted a "single chain of events," and the basis for venue in Delaware County was sufficient.

Issue II. Sufficiency of the evidence

Where insufficiency of the evidence is in issue, this court will neither reweigh the evidence nor judge the credibility of the...

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6 cases
  • State v. Dennis
    • United States
    • West Virginia Supreme Court
    • December 1, 2004
    ...through use of force or threats of force and the place where the defendant engaged in the prohibited sexual act. See Spoonmore v. State, 411 N.E.2d 146 (Ind.App.1980) (single chain of events establishing a basis for jurisdiction where any act occurred); State v. Redford, 242 Kan. 658, 750 P......
  • Andrews v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Appellate Court
    • October 19, 1988
    ...began or ended. Osborne v. State (1981), Ind., 426 N.E.2d 20; French v. State (1977), 266 Ind. 276, 362 N.E.2d 834; Spoonmore v. State (1980), Ind.App., 411 N.E.2d 146." Sears v. State (1983), Ind., 456 N.E.2d 390, In reaching this conclusion, we reject Andrews's argument that the State fai......
  • Burgess v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court
    • April 17, 1984
    ...the venue provisions in effect at the time of this case. See, e.g., Scalf v. State, (1981) Ind.App., 424 N.E.2d 1084; Spoonmore v. State, (1980) Ind.App., 411 N.E.2d 146. Accordingly, because defendant failed to raise the venue issue by appropriate motion at trial, it is Defendant here alle......
  • Scalf v. State, 2-1179A355
    • United States
    • Indiana Appellate Court
    • August 26, 1981
    ...in the motion for new trial was not timely. The Reynolds case was followed by the First District of this Court in Spoonmore v. State (1st Dist. 1980) Ind.App., 411 N.E.2d 146. These cases would presumably require at present that if venue is not challenged by a T.R. 41 Motion for Involuntary......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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