Standard Instruct. in Cr. Cases No. 2007-08, SC07-1841.

Decision Date30 October 2008
Docket NumberNo. SC07-1841.,SC07-1841.
Citation995 So.2d 489
PartiesIn re STANDARD JURY INSTRUCTIONS IN CRIMINAL CASES-REPORT NO. 2007-08.
CourtFlorida Supreme Court

Judge Terry David Terrell, Chair, Supreme Court Committee on Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases, First Judicial Circuit, Pensacola, FL, for Petitioner.

PER CURIAM.

The Supreme Court Committee on Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases has submitted proposed amendments to the standard jury instructions and asks that the Court authorize the amended standard instructions for publication and use. We have jurisdiction. See art. V, § 2(a), Fla. Const.

On October 3, 2007, the Committee on Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases (Committee) filed Report No. 2007-08, proposing amendments to existing criminal jury instructions 3.3(d) (Aggravation of a Felony by Possession of a Firearm or Destructive Device) and 3.5(c) (Accessory After the Fact). The Committee also proposed a number of new instructions: new instruction 16.7 (Use of a Child in a Sexual Performance); new instruction 16.8 (Use of a Child in a Sexual Performance with Consent of Parent, Legal Guardian, or Custodian); new instruction 16.9 (Promoting a Sexual Performance by a Child); new instruction 16.10 (Possession of Material Including Sexual Conduct by a Child with Intent to Promote); new instruction 16.11 (Possession of Material Including Sexual Conduct by a Child); new instruction 18.3 (False Information to Law Enforcement); and new instruction 21.7 (Giving False Name or Identification to Law Enforcement Officer Adversely Affecting Another). Prior to submission to the Court, all of the proposed amended and new instructions were published for comment by the Committee in The Florida Bar News on June 15, 2007. Several comments were received and reviewed by the Committee. Upon consideration of the Committee's report and proposals, we authorize the amended and new instructions for publication and use as discussed below.

Instructions 3.3(d) and 3.5(c) are revised and updated to conform to current statutory provisions and developments in case law since their original authorization. The title of instruction 3.3(d) is also amended. New instructions 16.7 through 16.11 are based upon section 827.071, Florida Statutes (2007), and instruct upon crimes relating to sexual performance by a child: (1) use of a child in a sexual performance; (2) promoting a sexual performance by a child; (3) possession of material including sexual conduct by a child with intent to promote; and (4) possession of material including sexual conduct by a child. See § 827.071(2)-(5), Fla. Stat. (2007). New instructions 18.3 and 21.7 are based upon sections 837.055 and 901.36(2), Florida Statutes (2007), respectively, and instruct upon the crimes of giving false information to a law enforcement officer who is conducting a felony or missing person investigation and giving false information to a law enforcement officer that adversely affects another.

We hereby authorize the publication and use of amended instructions 3.3(d) (Possession of a [Firearm] [Destructive Device] [and Discharge] [Causing [Great Bodily Harm] [Death]]) and 3.5(c) (Accessory After the Fact) and new instructions 16.7 (Use of a Child in a Sexual Performance), 16.8 (Use of a Child in a Sexual Performance with Consent of Parent, Legal Guardian, or Custodian), 16.9 (Promoting a Sexual Performance by a Child), 16.10 (Possession of Material Including Sexual Conduct by a Child with Intent to Promote), 16.11 (Possession of Material Including Sexual Conduct by a Child), 18.3 (False Information to Law Enforcement), and 21.7 (Giving False Name or Identification to Law Enforcement Officer Adversely Affecting Another), as set forth in the appendix to this opinion. In doing so, we express no opinion on the correctness of those instructions and remind all interested parties that this authorization forecloses neither requesting additional or alternative instructions nor contesting the legal correctness of the instructions. We further caution all interested parties that any notes and comments associated with the instructions reflect only the opinion of the Committee and are not necessarily indicative of the views of this Court as to their correctness or applicability. New language is indicated by underlining, and deleted language is struck through. The instructions as set forth in the appendix1 shall be effective on the date that this opinion becomes final.

It is so ordered.

QUINCE, C.J., and WELLS, ANSTEAD, PARIENTE, and LEWIS, JJ., concur.

CANADY and POLSTON, JJ., did not participate.

APPENDIX

3.3(d) AGGRAVATION OF A FELONY BY POSSESSION OF A [FIREARM] OR [DESTRUCTIVE DEVICE] [AND DISCHARGE] [CAUSING [GREAT BODILY HARM] [DEATH]]

§ 775.087(2), Fla. Stat.

Give if applicable.

If you find that (defendant) committed (felony identified in § 775.087(2)(a)3, Fla Stat.) and you also find beyond a reasonable doubt that during the commission of the crime, [he] [she] discharged a [firearm] [destructive device], and in doing so, caused [great bodily harm to] [the death of] (victim), you should find the defendant guilty of (felony) with discharge of a [firearm] [destructive device] causing [great bodily harm] [death].

Give if applicable.

If you find that (defendant) committed (felony identified in § 775.087(2)(a)2, Fla. Stat.) and you also find beyond a reasonable doubt that during the commission of the crime, [he] [she] discharged a [firearm] [destructive device], you should find the defendant guilty of (felony) with discharge of a [firearm] [destructive device].

If you find that (defendant) committed (felony listed in identified by § 775.087(2)(a)1, Fla. Stat.) and you also find beyond a reasonable doubt that during the commission of the crime, the defendant [he] [she] actually possessed [a firearm] [a destructive device], [a semiautomatic firearm and its high-capacity detachable box magazine] [a machine gun], you should find the defendant guilty of (felony) with (applicable firearm(s)/device) actual possession of a [firearm] [destructive device].

Give applicable definitions contained in §§ 790.001(4), or 790.001(6), 775.087(2)(b), and 790.001(9), Fla. Stat.

If you find only that (defendant) committed (felony, as identified in § 775.087(2), Fla. Stat.), but did not actually possess a (applicable firearm(s)/device) [firearm] [destructive device], then you should find the defendant guilty only of (felony) without actual possession of a [firearm] [destructive device].

A ["firearm"] ["destructive device"] is legally defined as (adapt from § 790.001(4) or § 790.001(6) Fla. Stat.).

Give a or b or both as applicable. See § 775.087(4), Fla. Stat.

To "actually possess" a firearm means that the defendant

a. carried a firearm on [his] [her] person.

or

b. had a firearm within immediate physical reach with ready access with the intent to use the firearm during the commission of the crime.

Comment

This instruction was adopted in July 1992 and amended in 2008.

3.5(c) ACCESSORY AFTER THE FACT

§ 777.03(1)(a), Fla. Stat.

To prove the crime of being an Accessory After the Fact, the State must prove the following [four] [five] elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

1. A(felony alleged) was committed by (name of person committing felony).

2. After the(felony alleged) was committed, (defendant) [maintained], [assisted], or [aided or attempted to aid] gave any other aid to (name of person committing felony).

3. At that time, (defendant) knew that (name of person committing felony) had committed the (felony alleged).

4. (Defendant) did so with the intent that (name of person committing felony) avoid or escape detection, arrest, trial, or punishment.

If the felony alleged is a third degree felony, give element # 5.

5. (Defendant) was not related to (name of person committing felony) by blood or marriage as husband, wife, parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, brother, or sister.

Define the felony alleged. If the felony alleged is child abuse, neglect of a child, aggravated child abuse, aggravated manslaughter of a child under 18 years of age, or murder of a child under 18 years of age, it is a defense if the court finds that the defendant was a victim of domestic violence. See § 777.03(1)(b), Fla. Stat.

It is not necessary for the State to prove that (defendant's) assistance was successful in allowing (name of person committing felony) to avoid or escape detection, arrest, trial or punishment, nor is it necessary for the State to prove that (name of person committing felony) was convicted.

The intent with which an act is done is an operation of the mind and, therefore, is not always capable of direct and positive proof. It may be established by circumstantial evidence like any other fact in a case.

Comment

The degree and offense level of "Accessory After the Fact" depends on the severity of the underlying felony. Accordingly, lesser included offenses must be tailored depending on the felony alleged.

In cases involving proof of knowledge by circumstantial evidence, see Bowen v. State, 791 So.2d 44 (Fla. 2nd DCA 2001).

This instruction was adopted in 1987 and amended in 2008.

16.7 USE OF A CHILD IN A SEXUAL PERFORMANCE

§ 827.071(2), Fla. Stat.

To prove the crime of Use of a Child in a Sexual Performance, the State must prove the following three elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

1. (Defendant) [employed] [authorized] [induced] (victim) to engage in a sexual performance.

2. (Defendant) knew the character and content of the performance.

3. At the time, (victim) was less than 18 years of age.

Definitions.

"Sexual performance" means any performance or part thereof which includes sexual conduct by a child of less than 18 years of age.

"Performance" means any play, motion picture, photograph, or dance or any other visual representation exhibited before an audience.

"Sexual conduct" means actual or simulated sexual intercourse, deviate sexual intercourse, sexual bestiality,...

To continue reading

Request your trial
13 cases

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT