State ex rel. State Highway Commission v. Smith, 45442

Decision Date10 June 1957
Docket NumberNo. 45442,No. 2,45442,2
Citation303 S.W.2d 120
PartiesSTATE of Missouri ex rel. STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSION of Missouri, Respondent, v. Grace D. SMITH, Paul Hamilton Realty Company, O. S. Pulliam, Trustee, and Mid-West Records, Inc., Appellants
CourtMissouri Supreme Court

Clifford B. Smith, Kansas City, for appellants.

Robert L. Hyder, Minor C. Liversay, Jefferson City, for respondent.

BOHLING, Commissioner.

The relator (respondent here) presents the issue that this appeal by defendants (appellants here) should be dismissed, because there is no final judgment in the case upon which to base an appeal. The issue is for consideration whether raised or not. Deeds v. Foster, Mo., 235 S.W.2d 262. Relator's point is well taken. We have jurisdiction by reason of the amount in dispute.

On June 23, 1955, the State of Missouri at the relation of the State Highway Commission instituted condemnation proceedings in the Circuit Court of Jackson County, Missouri, seeking, among other things not here involved, a right-of-way easement across a tract of land, more particularly described in item 14 of relator's petition, of Grace D. Smith, Paul Hamilton Realty Company, O. S. Pulliam, Trustee, and Mid-West Records, Inc.

The defendants on July 13th filed a request for the court to instruct the commissioners to the effect that machinery and equipment in a building on land used as a factory or plant is a part of the land taken under condemnation proceedings.

No action was had on defendants' request, but the record discloses that, under an agreement, the commissioners were to value the machinery and equipment in question separately from the land.

Following the appointment of the commissioners, defendants filed a motion for an order that all of the machinery and equipment used as a printing plant on the premises condemned was a part of the realty and property taken under the condemnation proceedings. Relator filed an answer in opposition to said motion.

The report filed by the commissioners valued defendants' land at $42,000 and the machinery and equipment here involved at $25,000.

Defendants and also relator filed timely exceptions to the report of the commissioners, each demanding a jury trial.

On December 2nd defendants' motion that the machinery and equipment on the premises was part of the property condemned and relator's answer in opposition were taken up by the court; and during the argument of said motion stipulations were entered into and testimony was adduced regarding said machinery and equipment.

The court took the matter under advisement and on December 6th entered its 'Order' of record, which, after preliminary recitals and so far as material, stated the court '* * * finds that the machinery and equipment referred to in said Motion and Answer are personal property and not subject to condemnation, and that said defendants' motion should be overruled.

'Now, Therefore, it is Ordered and Adjudged by the Court that the motion of defendants Grace D. Smith, Paul Hamilton Realty Co., O. S. Pulliam, Trustee, and Mid-West Records, Inc., for an order that the machinery and equipment are part of the condemnation proceedings be and the same is overruled, to which action and ruling of the Court said defendants object and except.'

On December 14th the parties filed a stipulation to the effect that the machinery and equipment involved could be removed by the defendants without prejudice to the contentions of the respective parties that it was or was not a part of the real estate.

Defendants on said day also filed a motion for new trial, which was overruled. Defendants thereupon filed a notice of appeal 'from the judgment entered in this action on the 6th day of December, 1955.'

Trial courts may in stated circumstances 'order a separate trial of any claim, cross-claim, counterclaim, or third-party claim, or of any separate issue' (Sec. 510.180, subd. 2; see also Secs. 507.040, 507.050--statutory references are to RSMo 1949 and V.A.M.S.); and defendants contend their appeal falls within Supreme Court Rule 3.29 (42 V.A.M.S. amended, 292-293 S.W.2d (Mo. Dec'ns) xviii, effective May 15, 1957), which provides that the separate judgment entered upon a separate trial (jury or non-jury) 'of any claim, counterclaim or third-party claim' shall be deemed in stated circumstances a final judgment within the meaning of Sec. 512.020. However, we reach the conclusion defendants' motion did not present a 'claim, counterclaim or third-party claim' within the provisions of Rule 3.29 for reasons hereinafter stated.

The right of appeal is purely statutory. Section 512.020, so far as material here, authorizes an appeal 'from any final judgment in the case.' Consult also Secs. 511.020, 511.130. The general rule is that a final appealable judgment must dispose of all the parties and all the issues of a claim. Pizzo v. Pizzo, Mo., 295 S.W.2d 377, 379; Weir v. Brune, 364 Mo. 415, 262 S.W.2d 597, 599; Anderson v. Metcalf, Mo., 300 S.W.2d 377, 378.

The State Highway Commission is authorized to condemn lands for state highway purposes in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 523. Sec. 227.120(13), and see Sec. 226.270. The report of the commissioners appointed to assess the damages...

To continue reading

Request your trial
35 cases
  • Gibson v. Brewer
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • 19 August 1997
    ...of several issues arising out of the same transaction or occurrence which does not dispose of the claim." State ex rel. State Hwy. Comm'n v. Smith, 303 S.W.2d 120, 123 (Mo.1957). "An order dismissing some of several alternative counts, each stating only one legal theory to recover damages f......
  • Buemi v. Kerckhoff
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • 4 October 2011
    ...some of several issues arising out of the same transaction or occurrence which does not dispose of a claim.” State ex rel. State Hwy. Comm'n v. Smith, 303 S.W.2d 120, 123 (Mo.1957).Gibson, 952 S.W.2d at 244. For this reason, “Although a circuit court may designate its judgment final as to p......
  • Buemi v. Kerckhoff
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • 2 August 2011
    ...some ofseveral issues arising out of the same transaction or occurrence which does not dispose of a claim." State ex rel. State Hwy. Comm'n v. Smith, 303 S.W.2d 120, 123 (Mo. 1957).Gibson, 952 S.W.2d at 244. For this reason, "Although a circuit court may designate its judgment final as to p......
  • Atkins v. Jester
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • 30 April 2010
    ...on some of several issues arising out of the same transaction or occurrence which does not dispose of the claim." State ex rel. State Hwy. Comm'n v. Smith, 303 S.W.2d 120, 123 (Mo. banc 1957). "It is `differing,' `separate,' `distinct' transactions or occurrences that permit a separately ap......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT