State v. Bailey, (AC 16924)

Citation746 A.2d 194,56 Conn. App. 760
Decision Date29 February 2000
Docket Number(AC 16924)
CourtAppellate Court of Connecticut
PartiesSTATE OF CONNECTICUT v. GLENN BAILEY

O'Connell, C. J., and Foti and Landau, Js.

Megan McLoughlin, special public defender, with whom was Alexander H. Schwartz, special public defender, for the appellant (defendant).

Christopher T. Godialis, assistant state's attorney, with whom, on the brief, were James E. Thomas, state's attorney, and Dennis O'Connor, senior assistant state's attorney, for the appellee (state).

Opinion

O'CONNELL, C. J.

The defendant, Glenn Bailey, appeals from the judgment of conviction, rendered following a jury trial, of four counts of sexual assault in the first degree in violation of General Statutes § 53a-70 and four counts of risk of injury to a child in violation of General Statutes (Rev. to 1995) § 53-21. The defendant claims that the trial court improperly (1) refused to give a missing witness instruction to the jury and (2) instructed the jury on the state's burden of proof. We affirm the judgment of the trial court.

The jury reasonably could have found the following facts. On approximately five occasions between December, 1994, and June, 1995, the defendant sexually assaulted the eight year old female victim. The assaults, involving oral, anal and vaginal penetration, took place while the victim visited him at an apartment located in Hartford. The victim reported the assaults to her mother, who instructed the victim not to disclose the assaults to anyone else. Thereafter, the victim's mother continued to take the victim to the defendant's apartment. The victim subsequently discussed the assaults with six individuals who testified at trial.

I

The defendant claims first that the trial court improperly failed to instruct the jury that it could draw a negative inference from the state's failure to call the victim's mother as a witness. We do not agree.

At the time of trial, the so-called Secondino rule was in effect.1Secondino v. New Haven Gas Co., 147 Conn. 672, 674-75, 165 A.2d 598 (1960). Subsequent to the trial court's decision in the present case, our Supreme Court decided State v. Malave, 250 Conn. 722, 739, 737 A.2d 442 (1999), in which it abandoned the Secondino rule in criminal cases.2 The Malave decision applies retroactively to this case. State v. Quinones, 56 Conn. App. 529, 533, 745 A.2d 191 (2000).

We do not reach the issue of whether the trial court's determination not to give the Secondino charge was correct because, in view of the Malave decision, the defendant was not entitled to the instruction under any circumstances. For this reason, we conclude that the trial court properly refused to give the Secondino instruction.

II

In his second claim, the defendant argues that the trial court improperly instructed the jury on the concept of reasonable doubt. Specifically, he asserts that the court's use of the following language in its jury charge was improper because it diluted the state's burden of proof: "[A] reasonable doubt is a doubt founded upon reason or common sense." We do not agree.

The challenged instruction is similar to jury instructions that have previously been approved by our Supreme Court. See State v. Small, 242 Conn. 93, 114-15, 700 A.2d 617 (1997). This court cannot review or reverse Supreme Court precedent. State v. Oliver, 41 Conn. App. 139, 146, 674 A.2d 1359, cert. denied, 237 Conn. 920, 676 A.2d 1374 (1996). Although the defendant is aware that we cannot review this claim, he makes it nevertheless to preserve the record in the event of Supreme Court review. Accordingly, the defendant cannot prevail on this claim in this court.

The judgment is affirmed.

In this opinion the other judges concurred.

1. In Secondino v. New Haven Gas Co., 147 Conn. 672, 674-75, 165 A.2d 598 (1960), our Supreme Court held that the failure to produce a witness for trial who is available and whom a party would naturally be expected to call, warrants an...

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11 cases
  • State v. Martinez
    • United States
    • Appellate Court of Connecticut
    • May 2, 2006
    ...57 Conn.App. 566, 572, 750 A.2d 482 (2000), rev'd in part on other grounds, 258 Conn. 79, 779 A.2d 112 (2001); State v. Bailey, 56 Conn.App. 760, 762, 746 A.2d 194 (2000), cert. denied, 264 Conn. 901, 823 A.2d 1219 (2003); and State v. Quinones, 56 Conn. App. 529, 533, 745 A.2d 191 (2000), ......
  • Stage v. Martinez, 95 Conn. App. 162 (CT 5/2/2006)
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Connecticut
    • May 2, 2006
    ...57 Conn. App. 566, 572, 750 A.2d 482 (2000), rev'd in part on other grounds, 258 Conn. 79, 779 A.2d 112 (2001); State v. Bailey, 56 Conn. App. 760, 762, 746 A.2d 194 (2000), cert. denied, 264 Conn. 901, 823 A.2d 1219 (2003); and State v. Quinones, 56 Conn. App. 529, 533, 745 A.2d 191 (2000)......
  • State v. Young
    • United States
    • Appellate Court of Connecticut
    • May 9, 2000
    ...both of the standards set out in State v. Malave [supra]?" Thereafter, this court addressed the first question. In State v. Bailey, 56 Conn. App. 760, 762, 746 A.2d 194 (2000), and State v. Quinones, 56 Conn. App. 529, 533, 745 A.2d 191 (2000), we held that Malave applies retroactively. Alt......
  • Raybeck v. Danbury Orthopedic Associates, PC
    • United States
    • Appellate Court of Connecticut
    • September 17, 2002
    ...rule. The jury charge explaining the rule is known as the Secondino instruction or missing witness instruction." State v. Bailey, 56 Conn. App. 760, 761 n.1, 746 A.2d 194 (2000). The reasoning behind the missing witness rule was that "[t]he failure of a party to produce a witness who is wit......
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