State v. Chapman

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
Writing for the CourtMcIVER
Citation56 S.C. 420,34 S.E. 961
PartiesSTATE. v. CHAPMAN.
Decision Date16 February 1900

34 S.E. 961
56 S.C. 420

STATE.
v.
CHAPMAN.

Supreme Court of South Carolina.

Feb. 16, 1900.


CONSTITUTIONAL, LAW—MASTER AND SERVANT—BREACH OF EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT—INDICTMENT.

Act 1897 (22 St. at Large, p. 457), making it a misdemeanor for any laborer working on shares or for wages under a contract on farm lands, who receives either advances or supplies,

[34 S.E. 962]

to afterwards refuse to perform the services required by the contract, is not unconstitutional, as discriminating against the laborer, since the offense consists in receiving advances, and afterwards refusing to perform the contract, and not merely a violation of the contract.

Appeal from general sessions circuit court of Anderson county; George W. Gage, Judge.

James Chapman was convicted of breaking an employment contract after having received advancements, etc., and he appeals. Affirmed.

E. M. Rucker, for appellant.

M. F. Ansel, for the State.

McIVER, C. J. The sole question presented by this appeal is whether the act of 1897 (22 St. at Large, p. 457) under which the appellant has been convicted is unconstitutional. That statute reads as follows: "That any laborer working on shares of crop, or for wages in money or other valuable consideration, under a verbal or written contract to labor on farm lands, who shall receive advances, either in money or supplies, and thereafter willfully and without just cause fail to perform the reasonable service required of him by the terms of the said contract, shall be liable to prosecution for a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punishable by imprisonment for not less than twenty days nor more than thirty days, or to be fined in the sum of not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars, in the discretion of the court: provided, the verbal contract herein referred to shall be witnessed by at least two disinterested witnesses." Prom the language of this act, it will be seen that the offense denounced is not merely the violation of a contract by a laborer employed to work the lands of another, but the offense consists in receiving advances, either in money or supplies, and thereafter, willfully and without just cause, failing to perform the reasonable service required of him by the terms of the contract. It is apparent, therefore, that this case differs widely from the case of State v. Williams, 32 S. C. 123, 10 S. E. 876, upon which appellant seems mainly to rely. There the defendant was indicted simply for a violation of the...

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3 practice notes
  • Ex Parte Hollman.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • January 16, 1908
    ...a punishment for the crime of bastardy. If, however, we follow the cases (State v. Williams, 32 S. C. 124, 10 S. E. 876; State v. Chapman, 56 S. C. 420, 34 S. E. 961, 76 Am. St. Rep. 557; State v. Easterlin, 61 S. C. 71, 39 S. E. 250), then this act must be upheld. In the first case such le......
  • State v. Long
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • June 19, 1902
    ...and without just cause fail to perform the reasonable service required of him by the terms of the said contract. State v. Chapman, 56 S. C. 420, 34 S. E. 961, 76 Am. St. Rep. 557; State v. Easterlin, 61 S. C. 72, 39 S. E. 250. The contract established in this case was in these terms: "This ......
  • State v. Easterlin
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • July 10, 1901
    ...The act is not unconstitutional on the ground presented. This act was sustained as constitutional in the case of State v. Chapman, 56 S. C. 420, 34 S. E. 961, against the objections there presented; and, in construing the act, the court, speaking by Mr. Chief Justice McIver, said: "Prom the......
3 cases
  • Ex Parte Hollman.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • January 16, 1908
    ...a punishment for the crime of bastardy. If, however, we follow the cases (State v. Williams, 32 S. C. 124, 10 S. E. 876; State v. Chapman, 56 S. C. 420, 34 S. E. 961, 76 Am. St. Rep. 557; State v. Easterlin, 61 S. C. 71, 39 S. E. 250), then this act must be upheld. In the first case such le......
  • State v. Long
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • June 19, 1902
    ...and without just cause fail to perform the reasonable service required of him by the terms of the said contract. State v. Chapman, 56 S. C. 420, 34 S. E. 961, 76 Am. St. Rep. 557; State v. Easterlin, 61 S. C. 72, 39 S. E. 250. The contract established in this case was in these terms: "This ......
  • State v. Easterlin
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • July 10, 1901
    ...The act is not unconstitutional on the ground presented. This act was sustained as constitutional in the case of State v. Chapman, 56 S. C. 420, 34 S. E. 961, against the objections there presented; and, in construing the act, the court, speaking by Mr. Chief Justice McIver, said: "Prom the......

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