State v. D. H. Rudy., (No. 5125.)

CourtSupreme Court of West Virginia
Writing for the CourtMILLER, J.
Citation98 W.Va. 444
PartiesState v. D. H. Rudy.
Decision Date10 March 1925
Docket Number(No. 5125.)

98 W.Va. 444

State
v.
D. H. Rudy.

(No. 5125.)

Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia.

Submitted March 3, 1925.
Decided March 10, 1925.


[98 W.Va. 444]

1. Indictment and Information Misspelling of Words Not Fatal to Indictment, if They do not Affect Sense, and Meaning of Words Can be Determined With Certainty.

The misspelling of words or typographical errors are not fatal to an indictment, where they do not affect the sense, and the meaning of such words can be determined with certainty by a person of ordinary intelligence. (p. 445).

(Indictments and Informations, C. J, § 177.)

2 Criminal Law Searches and Seizures Instruments, Devices,-or Materials Used in Committing Crime are Competent and Legitimate evidence; Taking Instruments, Devices, and Materials Used in Committing Crime from Premises of Accused by Officer Arresting Him on Lawful Warrant is Not Illegal Search and Seizure.

The instruments, devices and materials used in the commission of a crime are competent and legitimate evidence on the trial of the accused, and the taking of them from the premises of the accused where he is arrested by an officer making the arrest on a lawful warrant, is not illegal search and seizure, (p. 445).

(Criminal Law, 16 C. J. § 1225; Searches and Seizures, 35 Cyc.

(Note: Parenthetical references by Editors, C..T.-Cyc. Not part of syllabi.)

Error to Circuit Court, Marion County. D. H. Rudy was convicted of possessing a moonshine still, and he brings error.

Affirmed.

George A. Vincent and Curt E. Amos, for plaintiff in error.

E. T. England, Attorney General and B. Dennis Steed, Assistant Attorney General, for the State.

[98 W.Va. 445]

Miller, Judge:

Defendant was convicted in the criminal court of Marion County, on an indictment charging that he "did unlawfully and feloniously own, operate, ' maintain, possess and have an interest in a certain apparatus, mechanism and device for the manufacture or intoxicating liquors commonly known as a 'moonshine still.' "

First, it is asserted by counsel for defendant that the use of the word "or" in the indictment charges the offense in the disjunctive, and that the part of the indictment following the word "or" does not charge an offense when standing alone, or if it alleges an offense, such offense would be only a misdemeanor; wherefore the indictment fails to charge the defendant with a felony. To support this proposition they cite the case of State v. Miller, 68 W. Va. 38. In that case the indictment charged in the disjunctive the doing of a number of acts, any one of which constituted an offense under the statute; and it was held that the use of the disjunctive conjunction "or," instead of the copulative conjunction "and," rendered the indictment bad for uncertainty. The rule there stated does not apply here. In the case at bar, it is evident that the use of the word "or" is simply a typographical error; and that "of".was meant. No other construction could possibly be placed...

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9 practice notes
  • State v. McCartney, No. 101457.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • November 17, 2011
    ...and the meaning of such words can be determined with certainty by a person of ordinary intelligence.” Syllabus Point 1, State v. Rudy, 98 W.Va. 444, 127 S.E. 190 (1925). 13. “The function of an appellate court when reviewing the sufficiency of the evidence to support a criminal conviction i......
  • State v. Chic-Colbert, No. 12–1121.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • October 7, 2013
    ...added.). This Court has previously declared that typographical errors are not fatal to an indictment. Syl. Pt. 1, in part, State v. Rudy, 98 W.Va. 444, 127 S.E. 190 (1925) (“ ‘typographical errors are not fatal to an indictment, where they do not affect the sense, and the meaning of such wo......
  • State Of West Va. v. Rigsby, (No. 9304)
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • May 12, 1942
    ...accused where he is arrested by an officer making the arrest on a lawful warrant, is not illegal search and seizure." State v. Rudy, 98 W. Va. 444, 127 S. E. 190. "The right without a search warrant contemporaneously to search persons lawfully arrested while committing crime and t......
  • State v. Rigsby, No. 9304.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • May 12, 1942
    ...accused where he is arrested by an officer making the arrest on a lawful warrant, is not illegal search and seizure." State v. Rudy, 98 W.Va. 444, 127 S.E. 190. "The right without a search warrant contemporaneously to search persons lawfully arrested while committing crime and to ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
9 cases
  • State v. McCartney, No. 101457.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • November 17, 2011
    ...and the meaning of such words can be determined with certainty by a person of ordinary intelligence.” Syllabus Point 1, State v. Rudy, 98 W.Va. 444, 127 S.E. 190 (1925). 13. “The function of an appellate court when reviewing the sufficiency of the evidence to support a criminal conviction i......
  • State v. Chic-Colbert, No. 12–1121.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • October 7, 2013
    ...added.). This Court has previously declared that typographical errors are not fatal to an indictment. Syl. Pt. 1, in part, State v. Rudy, 98 W.Va. 444, 127 S.E. 190 (1925) (“ ‘typographical errors are not fatal to an indictment, where they do not affect the sense, and the meaning of such wo......
  • State Of West Va. v. Rigsby, (No. 9304)
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • May 12, 1942
    ...accused where he is arrested by an officer making the arrest on a lawful warrant, is not illegal search and seizure." State v. Rudy, 98 W. Va. 444, 127 S. E. 190. "The right without a search warrant contemporaneously to search persons lawfully arrested while committing crime and t......
  • State v. Rigsby, No. 9304.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • May 12, 1942
    ...accused where he is arrested by an officer making the arrest on a lawful warrant, is not illegal search and seizure." State v. Rudy, 98 W.Va. 444, 127 S.E. 190. "The right without a search warrant contemporaneously to search persons lawfully arrested while committing crime and to ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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