2018 ME 21
STATE OF MAINE
BETTY L. FRENCH
Supreme Court of Maine
February 6, 2018
Submitted On Briefs: November 29, 2017
Robert Van Horn, Esq., Van Horn Law Office, Ellsworth, for appellant Betty L. French.
Toff Toffolon, Dep. Dist. Atty., Prosecutorial District VII, Ellsworth, for appellee State of Maine.
Panel: SAUFLEY, C.J., and ALEXANDER, MEAD, JABAR, HJELM, and HUMPHREY, JJ.
[¶1] Betty L. French appeals from a judgment convicting her of hindering apprehension (Class D), 17-A M.R.S. § 753(1-B)(A)(3) (2017), obstructing government administration (Class D), 17-A M.R.S. §751(1) (2017), and refusing to submit to arrest (Class D), 17-A M.R.S. § 751-B(1)(B) (2017), entered by the court (Hancock County, R. Murray, J.) after a jury trial. French argues that the court's instructions to the jury on the justification of defense of premises, see 17-A M.R.S. § 104 (2017), were incorrect. Because a citizen is not justified in using nondeadly force against a law enforcement officer for the purpose of defending one's premises, see 17-A M.R.S. § 108(1-A) (2017), French was not entitled to that instruction, and we affirm the judgment.
[¶2] The evidence, viewed in the light most favorable to the State, entitled the jury to find the following facts beyond a reasonable doubt. See State v. Lajoie, 2017 ME 8, ¶ 2, 154 A.3d 132.
[¶3] On March 18, 2016, Maine State Trooper Jacob Ferland arrived at French's residence in Verona to execute a search warrant as part of an investigation into thefts in which French's stepson was a suspect. During the search of the residence, Ferland found personal property bearing the stepson's name. Ferland informed French and her husband that if the stepson did not turn himself in, Ferland would apply for an arrest warrant. Later, Ferland did that and obtained an arrest warrant for the stepson.
[¶4] Just more than a week later, on March 27, 2016, Ferland, in uniform and driving a marked police vehicle, returned to French's residence. On arrival, Ferland knocked on the door, thereby pushing the door open completely, announced his presence, and stepped into the kitchen. Ferland informed French and her husband that he now had the arrest warrant for the stepson. After French's husband went upstairs to get the stepson, French told Ferland to leave the house. Ferland stepped outside the residence to call an assistant district attorney, but when he tried to reenter the house the door was locked. Ferland announced that he would break down the door if he were not permitted to enter.