State v. Goebel, 5D01-2158.

CourtCourt of Appeal of Florida (US)
Citation804 So.2d 1276
Docket NumberNo. 5D01-2158.,5D01-2158.
PartiesSTATE of Florida, Appellant, v. Eric James GOEBEL, Appellee.
Decision Date25 January 2002

Robert A. Butterworth, Attorney General, Tallahassee, and Belle B. Schumann, Assistant Attorney General, Daytona Beach, for Appellant.

No Appearance, for Appellee.


This is an appeal from an interlocutory order granting a motion to suppress evidence seized pursuant to the stop of Goebel's vehicle. We reverse.

The facts as found by the trial court are not in dispute:

At approximately 2:30 in the morning, of March 17th, 2001, the Sprint store (a gasoline and convenience store), on Anastasia Boulevard, was robbed. Based upon the 911 call, a be on the lookout (BOLO) was issued for a white male, tall, with a thin build, blond hair, blue eyes, wearing a dark colored shirt, and blue jean shorts. No direction of travel was given, nor was any description of an automobile given. At that time, Deputy Tony Matuse was traveling northbound on A1A, from Ocean Trace Road in St. Augustine Beach. When Deputy Matuse crossed SR-312, he observed a vehicle coming southbound on Anastasia Boulevard, also known as A1A and SR 3. He shined his flashlight into the vehicle and saw that it was occupied by a white male, wearing a white baseball cap and a dark shirt. Deputy Matuse observed the male to lean back into the seat as if concealing himself. Deputy Matuse then turned to follow the vehicle and stopped the vehicle after it turned onto SR-312. Upon approaching the vehicle, he observed that the individual in the vehicle was wearing a pair of blue jean shorts; then he called for back up. The witnesses from the robbery were called and identified the defendant, Eric Goebel, as being the robber.

The question is whether, given the foregoing facts, the police officer had a reasonable suspicion that justified the stop of Goebel's vehicle for the purpose of investigating possible criminal behavior. See J.L. v. State, 727 So.2d 204 (Fla.1998),


529 U.S. 266, 120 S.Ct. 1375, 146 L.Ed.2d 254 (2000); State v. Hunter, 615 So.2d 727 (Fla. 5th DCA),

rev. denied, 626 So.2d 205 (Fla.1993).

In Hunter v. State, 660 So.2d 244 (Fla.1995), cert. denied, 516 U.S. 1128, 116 S.Ct. 946, 133 L.Ed.2d 871 (1996), the Florida Supreme Court noted that factors relevant in assessing the legitimacy of a vehicle stop pursuant to a BOLO included: (1) the length of time and distance from the offense; (2) route of flight; (3) specificity of the description of the vehicle and its occupants; and (4) the source of the BOLO information. Hunter at 248.

The state contends that all of these enumerated factors militate against the ruling of the trial court. The state's brief argues:

The length of time and distance from the offense were both short. Less than ten minutes after the robbery, and within minutes of hearing the BOLO, the deputy saw Appellee's vehicle a short distance from the robbery scene. (R. 15, 35) The vehicle was heading away from the robbery scene. The description of the robber was very specific in physical and clothing details, and App

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5 cases
  • State v. Outler, 3D07-1490.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • October 14, 2009
    ...with his realization he was being tailed — only served to increase the reasonableness of the officers suspicion. See State v. Goebel, 804 So.2d 1276, 1277 (Fla. 5th DCA 2002) (evasive driving may serve as one factor among many in a finding of reasonable articulable suspicion); accord State ......
  • State v. Gelin, No. 3D02-722
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • March 19, 2003
    ...necessary to follow and ultimately stop the defendants. See Hunter v. State, 660 So.2d 244, 249 (Fla.1995); see also State v. Goebel, 804 So.2d 1276, 1277 (Fla. 5th DCA 2002). The Florida Supreme Court has previously outlined several factors relevant in assessing the legitimacy of a vehicle......
  • Goebel v. State, 5D02-4040.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • July 3, 2003
    ...reversed the trial court's order, finding that there was reasonable suspicion justifying the stop of the vehicle. See State v. Goebel, 804 So.2d 1276 (Fla. 5th DCA 2002). No motion for rehearing was filed by Goebel's After the case was remanded, the State filed a second information, chargin......
  • Whitfield v. State, 5D01-3410.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • January 25, 2002
    ...In his 3.800(a) motion defendant alleged that he pled not guilty to the offenses. If the two offenses were not committed during the 804 So.2d 1276 same criminal episode, the trial court should have attached portions of the trial transcript to show that two separate episodes were Accordingly......
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