State v. Hall

CourtCourt of Appeal of Missouri (US)
Writing for the CourtGRAY, J.
Citation125 S.W. 229,141 Mo.App. 701
PartiesSTATE OF MISSOURI, Respondent, v. MONT HALL, Appellant
Decision Date07 February 1910

125 S.W. 229

141 Mo.App. 701


MONT HALL, Appellant

Court of Appeals of Missouri, Springfield

February 7, 1910

Appeal from Newton Circuit Court.--Hon. F. C. Johnston, Judge.

Case reversed and defendant discharged.

John T. Sturgis for appellant; W. Cloud of counsel.

(1) This proceeding having been commenced by indictment of a grand jury and that mode of procedure adopted, it was not competent to change the same to the other mode of an information by the prosecuting attorney. Laws of 1901, p. 138; State v. Harvey, 214 Mo. 403; State v. Gieseke, 209 Mo. 331. (2) "The burden is on the State to establish such facts as would arrest the running of the statute." State v. Moore, 67 Mo.App. 338; State v. Myers, 68 Mo. 266; State v. Snyder, 182 Mo. 462; State v. Stephens, 70 Mo.App. 554; State v. Small, 31 Mo. 197. (3) Each sale of intoxicants constitutes a separate offense. State v. Andrews, 27 Mo. 267; Springfield v. Ford, 40 Mo.App. 586; Kansas City v. Muhlback, 68 Mo. 638; 23 Cyc. 211. (4) Where an indictment charges two or more offenses an acquittal of one on the merits is a complete bar to a second prosecution for such offense. The same rule applies to separate counts of an indictment as to separate indictments. State v. Bruffey, 75 Mo. 389; State v. Owen, 78 Mo. 367; Constitution of Mo., Art. 2, sec. 23; State v. Newkirk, 49 Mo. 472; State v. Moore, 156 Mo. 135. (5) It is only for the offense of which defendant is convicted that an arrest of judgment or reversal for error in law permits a second trial. Where the acquittal is on the merits it matters not whether the indictment is good or bad. R. S. 1899, sec. 2373; State v. Hoffman, 136 Mo. 58. (6) The State was allowed to prove all the sales which it had proven on the former trial--and then some. This is error. State v. Wilson, 39 Mo.App. 184; State v. Stephens, 70 Mo.App. 554.

Thomas M. Saxton, Ex-Prosecuting Attorney, Jas. H. Pratt and Horace Ruark for respondent.

(1) If the Statute of Limitation does not run during the pendency of a defective indictment, then none of the sales proven by the State were barred by the statute. When the former case was reversed, it left the court free to proceed as though the case had never been tried, and the State was rightly permitted to introduce new evidence. State v. Newkirk, 49 Mo. 472; 10 Current Law, 237; 12 Cyc. 646; Booth v. United States, 154 F. 836; Dolans v. United States, 69 C. C. A. 287. (2) When an indictment is quashed, set aside or reversed, the time during which it was pending is not to be computed as part of the time of the limitation prescribed for the offense. State v. English, 2 Mo. 182; R. S. 1899, sec. 2422; State ex rel. v. Primm, 61 Mo. 166; State v. Owen, 78 Mo. 368; State v. Hansbrough, 181 Mo. 352; 12 Cyc. 258. (3) The court committed no error in not requiring the State to elect upon one particular sale. Storr v. State, 3 Mo. 10; State v. Fletcher, 18 Mo. 426; State v. Small, 31 Mo. 197; State v. Heinz, 45 Mo.App. 403; State v. Stephen, 70 Mo.App. 554. (4) "It is the accepted doctrine that in order for a former trial and acquittal or conviction to be revoked on a plea of former jeopardy, it is essential that the former conviction or trial must have been upon a sufficient indictment or information." State v. Keating, 122 S.W. 701; State v. Manning, 168 Mo. 430; State v. Wilson, 39 Mo.App. 187.


[141 Mo.App. 704] GRAY, J.

At the October term, 1906, of the Newton Circuit Court, the grand jury returned an indictment against the defendant, charging him with violating the Local Option Law. The indictment was in four counts. The first count alleged the sale of intoxicating liquors on the 6th of October, 1906; the second count, on the 5th day of October, and the third and fourth counts, on the 3rd day of October.

The trial was had before a jury, resulting in a conviction on the first count, and a punishment of a fine of $ 1000 assessed, and an acquittal on the second, third and fourth counts.

The defendant appealed to the St. Louis Court of Appeals, and that court held the indictment insufficient, and discharged the defendant. The case is reported in the 130 Mo.App. 170, 108 S.W. 1077.

After the discharge of the defendant, the prosecuting attorney, on the 17th day of April, 1908, filed an information in said circuit court, charging that the defendant, on the 6th day of October, 1906, sold intoxicating liquors, to-wit: whisky, wine and beer, without [141 Mo.App. 705] any legal authority, and further charging that the Local Option Law was in force in said county at...

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