State v. Hoffman, 10876-0-I

CourtCourt of Appeals of Washington
Writing for the CourtSWANSON
Citation664 P.2d 1259,35 Wn.App. 13
PartiesSTATE of Washington, Respondent, v. John D. HOFFMAN, Appellant.
Docket NumberNo. 10876-0-I,10876-0-I
Decision Date27 April 1983

Page 13

35 Wn.App. 13
664 P.2d 1259
STATE of Washington, Respondent,
John D. HOFFMAN, Appellant.
No. 10876-0-I.
Court of Appeals of Washington,
Division 1.
April 27, 1983.

Page 14

[664 P.2d 1260] Julie Kesler, Washington Appellate Defender Ass'n, Seattle (Court-appointed), for appellant.

Seth Dawson, Snohomish County Pros. Atty., Asa Glazer, Deputy Pros. Atty., Everett, for respondent.


John D. Hoffman appeals from a judgment entered on a jury verdict finding him guilty of third degree assault and second degree malicious mischief.

Page 15

An off-duty Snohomish County sheriff observed a fight which occurred in the early morning hours in a restaurant in Snohomish County. The sheriff followed one of the participants outside the restaurant and detained him. A few minutes later two Snohomish County sheriff's officers arrived. While one of the officers was talking to the injured man in the restaurant, the defendant walked by. The injured man remarked, "He's the guy that started it." An officer approached the defendant and asked him for identification. When the defendant refused, the officer informed him that he could be subject to arrest for obstructing. The defendant again refused and walked out of the restaurant followed by the officer.

The officer testified that when he attempted to arrest the defendant for obstructing, the defendant pulled away and swung at him, and a scuffle ensued before the defendant was subdued. The defendant was handcuffed and placed in a police vehicle. He then began kicking the car door. Eventually the officers removed the defendant from the vehicle and placed flex cuffs on his legs. Defendant managed to free himself and kicked out a rear-door window of the vehicle. Defendant was eventually handcuffed again and "hogtied." Because the defendant complained of back injury, the officer transported him to Providence Hospital where he was examined by a physician before being taken to jail.

The defendant denied assaulting the officers, claiming that they attacked him. He also claimed that the reason he kicked and damaged the vehicle was to gain their attention because of his back injury.

The defendant first contends that the State did not present sufficient evidence to sustain his conviction for third degree assault pursuant to RCW 9A.36.030 which states:

(1) Every person who, under circumstances not amounting to assault in either the first or second degree, shall be guilty of assault in the third degree when he:

(a) With intent to prevent or resist the execution of any lawful process or mandate of any court officer or the

Page 16

lawful apprehension or detention of himself or another person shall assault another;

Under this statute, the State must establish that the officer's actions in apprehending or [664 P.2d 1261] detaining the defendant were lawful. State v. Johnson, 29 Wash.App. 307, 628 P.2d 479 (1981); State v. Humphries, 21 Wash.App. 405, 586 P.2d 130 (1978). In State v. Williams, 29 Wash.App. 86, 89-90, 627 P.2d 581 (1981), the court, in construing RCW 9A.36.030, stated that:

Lawful "apprehension" and "detention" are forms of an arrest, yet different from mere custody and arise in situations involving either court process or any lawfully exercised arrest.

Defendant contends that his arrest for refusing to identify himself was unlawful because the obstructing statute under which he was arrested was later declared to be unconstitutional. We agree.

In State v. White, 97 Wash.2d 92, 640 P.2d 1061 (1982), the supreme court declared that sections 1 and 2 of RCW 9A.76.020 1 were unconstitutional. While the police may briefly detain a suspect based upon a reasonable suspicion and ask various questions, including the suspect's identity, "a detainee's refusal to disclose his name, address, and other information cannot be the basis of an arrest." State v. White, supra at 106, 640 P.2d 1061. Accordingly, the arrest of the defendant for refusing to give the Snohomish County sheriff his name was unlawful. See State v. Swaite, 33 Wash.App. 477, 656 P.2d 520 (1982).


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22 cases
  • Staats v. Brown, 65681-9.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Washington
    • January 6, 2000
    ...for which Staats could be arrested pursuant to former RCW 75.10.040 was incorrect. See also State v. Hoffman, 35 Wash.App. 13, 16-17, 664 P.2d 1259 (1983) (one cannot be arrested for hindering, delaying, or obstructing a public servant based upon refusal to provide identification); cf. Stat......
  • State v. Steen, 39625–1–II.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Washington
    • December 20, 2011
    ...questions is not sufficient grounds to arrest for obstruction of a police officer.”)); accord State v. Hoffman, 35 Wash.App. 13, 15–17, 664 P.2d 1259 (1983) (obstruction arrest not lawful where defendant refused to provide identification to police officer). ¶ 17 But our analysis does not en......
  • State v. E.J.J., 88694–6.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Washington
    • June 25, 2015
    ...Court of Appeals correctly reasoned that subsection (3) requires conduct, not speech alone. See State v. Hoffman, 35 Wash.App. 13, 16–17, 664 P.2d 1259 (1983). Although our courts resolved these cases on the bases of due process and vagueness, the fundamental principle is the same. In order......
  • State v. Williams, 83992–1.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Washington
    • May 12, 2011
    ...misleading statements and that subsection (3) was intended to prohibit conduct. [251 P.3d 882] State v. Hoffman, 35 Wash.App. 13, 16–17, 664 P.2d 1259 (1983); State v. Swaite, 33 Wash.App. 477, 482–83, 656 P.2d 520 (1982). ¶ 13 Following our declaration that subsections (1) and (2) of forme......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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