State v. Hofmann, WD

CourtCourt of Appeal of Missouri (US)
Citation895 S.W.2d 108
Docket NumberNo. WD,WD
PartiesSTATE of Missouri, Respondent, v. Lonny J. HOFMANN, Appellant. 48533.
Decision Date24 January 1995

Page 108

895 S.W.2d 108
STATE of Missouri, Respondent,
Lonny J. HOFMANN, Appellant.
No. WD 48533.
Missouri Court of Appeals,
Western District.
Jan. 24, 1995.
Motion for Rehearing and/or Transfer to
Supreme Court Denied Feb. 28, 1995.
Application to Transfer Denied
April 25, 1995.

Page 110

F. Randall Waltz, Jefferson City, for appellant.

Jeremiah W. (Jay) Nixon, Atty. Gen., Breck K. Burgess, Asst. Atty. Gen., Jefferson City, for respondent.

Before FENNER, C.J., P.J., and KENNEDY and BERREY, JJ.

FENNER, Chief Judge.

Appellant, Lonny Hofmann, appeals his conviction, after trial by jury, for possession of more than 5 grams of marijuana with intent to distribute.

Taken in the light most favorable to the verdict, the record reflects that in the daylight hours of February 8, 1992, Trooper Timothy Peters of the Missouri State Highway Patrol observed Hofmann weave across the center line of the eastbound lanes of I-44 in Laclede County, Missouri. Upon stopping Hofmann's vehicle, a Ford Taurus, Trooper Peters observed that Hofmann was driving the vehicle with a passenger by the name of Robin Marshall. When Trooper Peters approached the vehicle, he noticed that the hands of both Hofmann and Marshall were shaking.

Trooper Peters had Hofmann join him in his patrol car as he ran a check on Hofmann's driver's license. When Trooper Peters asked to see the registration papers for the Taurus, Hofmann advised him that it was a rental car. Peters said the car had been rented in Indiana by his wife, Dawn Hofmann. Trooper Peters inquired as to where Hofmann was coming from and Hofmann advised him that he started his trip in Amarillo, Texas. Trooper Peters asked Hofmann where his wife was and Hofmann said that she was in San Diego with her aunt. Since Hofmann and Marshall appeared nervous and Trooper Peters was curious about Hofmann saying that he was coming from Amarillo while his wife was in San Diego, Trooper Peters decided to check Hofmann's story with Marshall.

Trooper Peters went back to the Taurus and asked Marshall where he was coming from. Marshall advised that they were coming from St. Louis which Trooper Peters noted was the direction that the Taurus was preceding toward, not from. Trooper Peters then asked Marshall where Hofmann's wife was and Marshall stated that she was at her aunt's house in St. Louis, Missouri.

Trooper Peters returned to his patrol car and asked Hofmann whether he had any guns or narcotics in the Taurus. Hofmann said that he did not. Peters then asked if Hofmann would consent to a search of the Taurus. Hofmann told Trooper Peters, "Sure, go ahead."

Trooper Peters had radioed for backup. Pursuant to the call, Sergeant Turner of the

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Missouri Highway Patrol and Officer Wrinkle of the Lebanon Police Department arrived at the scene. When Sergeant Turner and Officer Wrinkle arrived, Trooper Peters instructed Hofmann to exit the patrol car and approach the Taurus.

Trooper Peters then asked Hofmann if he could look in the trunk. Hofmann pushed a button by the driver's seat to release to trunk lid. Trooper Peters proceeded to search the trunk as Hofmann and Marshall stood on the shoulder of the road approximately three feet from Trooper Peters. While searching the trunk, Trooper Peters opened a blue suitcase and observed clothing in the suitcase. Trooper Peters raised up the clothing and discovered twelve clear bags which contained a total of less than ten pounds of marijuana. Hofmann and Marshall were placed under arrest, advised of their Miranda rights and transported to the Lebanon police station.

When the parties arrived at the Lebanon police station, Trooper Peters reminded Hofmann of his Miranda rights and asked him where he obtained the marijuana. Hofmann advised Peters that he obtained the marijuana in Mexico. Trooper Peters then asked Hofmann what he intended to do with the marijuana. Hofmann said that he was going to sell it to an individual in Indiana who would then sell the marijuana to others.

At trial, Hofmann testified in his defense and attempted to show that he did not consent to the search of the Taurus and suitcase. Hofmann admitted at trial to possessing the marijuana and that he was delivering the marijuana for payment.


In his first point on appeal, Hofmann argues that the trial court erred by denying his motion to quash the venire panel because the panel was improperly selected in violation of section 494.400, RSMo Supp.1993. Hofmann argues that the venire panel did not constitute a fair cross section of the adult population of Miller County, the county in which he was tried, and because the method of selecting the panel was not random and permitted an opportunity for individual selections.

The procedures prescribed by section 494.465 are the exclusive means by which a party may challenge a jury on the ground that the jury was not selected in conformity to sections 494.400 to 494.505. 1 Section 494.465.2 provides, in pertinent part, as follows:

If the court determines that in selecting either a grand jury or a petit jury there has been substantial failure to comply with the declared policy of sections 494.400 to 494.505, the court shall stay the proceedings pending the selection of the jury in conformity with the declared policy or grant other appropriate relief.

In regard to appellant's argument that the venire panel did not constitute a fair cross section of the adult population of Miller County, section 494.400 requires, in pertinent part, that all qualified grand or petit jurors shall be citizens of the state selected at random from a fair cross section of the citizens of the county for which the jury may be impaneled. To establish a prima facie violation of the fair cross section requirement, a defendant must show that: 1) the persons excluded from jury service are members of a "distinctive group in the community;" 2) that the representation of this group in the venires is "not fair and reasonable in relation to the number of such persons in the community;" and 3) that the under representation results from a "systematic exclusion of the group in the jury selection process." State v. Rogers, 825 S.W.2d 49, 51 (Mo.App.1992). Unless it is shown that the difference between the percentage of the individuals in the identifiable group and those within the venires as a whole is greater than 10%, a prima facie case has not been made. State v. Davis, 646 S.W.2d 871, 876 (Mo.App.1982), cert. denied, 464 U.S. 962, 104 S.Ct. 398, 78 L.Ed.2d 340 (1983).

In the case at bar, appellant failed to present evidence to show that persons excluded from jury service were members of a cognizable group within the community

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which was fatally under-represented on the venire panel.

Hofmann complains further under his first point that the selection process was not random. However, the record reflects that the individuals selected for jury service were selected at random from driver's license records. The use of driver's license records for a master list of potential jurors has been sanctioned under Missouri case law. See State v. Kelly, 851 S.W.2d 693, 697-98 (Mo.App.1993); State v. Rogers, 825 S.W.2d at 51.

Hofmann also complains that the "master jury list" used in this case was fatally defective because it was...

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8 cases
  • State v. Cromer, WD 64674.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • December 27, 2005
    ...i.e., what the typical person would have understood by the exchange between the officer and the suspect." State v. Hofmann, 895 S.W.2d 108, 114 (Mo.App. W.D.1995). When Sgt. Parsons concluded his phone conversation with Ms. Todd, the scope of Ms. Todd's consent was limited to the officers w......
  • State v. McNaughton, WD
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • May 14, 1996
    ...on a motion to suppress is limited to determining whether evidence is sufficient to support the trial court's ruling. State v. Hofmann, 895 S.W.2d 108, 113 (Mo.App.1995). The facts are viewed in light most favorable to the ruling. State v. Duncan, 879 S.W.2d 749, 751 Mr. McNaughton, in his ......
  • State v. Sullivan
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • July 17, 2001
    ...concerns confessions and admissions, yet, the instruction offered by Ms. Sullivan concerned consent to the search. In State v. Hofmann, 895 S.W.2d 108, 114 (Mo. App. 1995), the defendant also argued that the voluntariness of his consent to a search should have been submitted to the jury. Th......
  • State v. Shaw, WD
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • February 20, 1996
    ...785 S.W.2d 574, 576 (Mo.App.1990). A trial court has broad discretion in determining the admissibility of evidence. State v. Hofmann, 895 S.W.2d 108, 113 (Mo.App.1995). Appellate review of a ruling on a motion to suppress is limited to determining whether the evidence is sufficient to suppo......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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