State v. Kimball, No. 53564

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Iowa
Writing for the CourtSTUART; All Justices concur, except UHLENHOPP
Citation176 N.W.2d 864
Docket NumberNo. 53564
Decision Date05 May 1970
PartiesSTATE of Iowa, Appellee, v. James B. KIMBALL, Appellant.

Page 864

176 N.W.2d 864
STATE of Iowa, Appellee,
v.
James B. KIMBALL, Appellant.
No. 53564.
Supreme Court of Iowa.
May 5, 1970.

Page 865

Don J. Wilson, West Des Moines, for appellant.

Richard C. Turner, Atty. Gen., James W. Hughes, Asst. Atty. Gen., Carl R. Letz, Hardin County Atty., and Allen M. Oppen, Special Prosecutor, for appellee.

STUART, Justice.

A Hardin County jury convicted defendant of false drawing and uttering of a check in violation of section 713.3, Code of Iowa. The trial court sentenced him to a term of seven years at the state penitentiary. He has appealed claiming seven errors which are stated, briefed and argued in five divisions covering less than eight pages. We would have appreciated more help.

I. The essential elements of the crime charged are: '1, Intent to defraud; 2, securing money, credit or other thing of value by means of a check, draft or written order; and 3, knowingly not having any arrangement, understanding, or funds with the bank, person or corporation upon which the check or other instrument is drawn sufficient to meet or pay the same.' State v. Lansman (1953), 245 Iowa 102, 106, 60 N.W.2d 815, 817.

Defendant claims there was not sufficient evidence of these elements to raise a question for the jury. We do not agree. There was evidence from which the jury could find the following:

On the evening of May 1, 1968, defendant, in the presence of Harm Folkerts, an employee of the Eldora Livestock Sales Barn, wrote a check in the amount of $10,475.36, to the sales barn for the purchase of 53 head of cattle. The check was drawn on the Security State Bank in Radcliffe, Iowa, and signed 'Jim Kimball, Special Account'.

Around 10:00 p.m. the same night the 53 head of cattle were loaded on two trucks at the Eldora Sales Barn for defendant and taken to the Union Stockyards in Omaha. Defendant made arrangements for their unloading.

It was brought out by defendant on cross-examination of Orlen Stolee, co-manager of the sales barn, that the cattle were being bought for him and were to be brought to defendant's farm and finished.

The next morning Folkerts gave the check to the bookkeeper for the sales barn who delivered it to the general manager. He took the check to the Security State Bank in Radcliffe and presented it for payment. The vice-president and cashier of the bank testified the check was presented for payment May 2, 1968 and was refused for insufficient funds. Defendant had only one account with that bank.

This evidence, aided by section 713.4 which provides that refusal of the check for

Page 866

insufficient funds by the bank on which it was drawn 'shall be material and competent evidence of such lack of arrangement, understanding, or lack of funds', was sufficient proof of all the elements of the offense charged to make a jury issue of defendant's guilt. State v. Lansman, supra at 106--107, 60 N.W.2d at 817--818.

II. The case was specially assigned for trial January 6, 1969. Defendant appeared without counsel. The following colloquy took place in the presence of the entire jury panel:

'THE COURT: The case that was specially assigned for today at 1:30 was State of Iowa v. Jim Kimball, or James Kimball, James B. Kimball. State ready for trial?

'MR. OPPEN: The State is ready, Your Honor.

'THE COURT: Where is the defendant? Come on up here. Sit down here. Where is your counsel?

'MR. KIMBALL: He is in Des Moines.

'THE COURT: Stand up. You swear under oath that you have a counsel? MR. KIMBALL: No, I have not fully retained him yet.

'THE COURT: How many times have you pulled this on this court? MR. KIMBALL: Pulled what, sir?

'THE COURT: Appeared without counsel. MR. KIMBALL: I have never. I changed attorneys the last time I was here.

'THE COURT: I told you this morning to get him to call me. Did you call him? MR. KIMBALL: Sure did. He is supposed to call you back.

'MR. LETZ: Alre Watts, Judge Hellwege's court reporter. The call is from Mr. Wilson, the attorney in Des Moines.

'THE COURT: You may sit down. (Intermission)

'THE COURT: Stand up. Wilson said that your wife called him about 1:00 o'clock today. MR. KIMBALL: That is when I talked to him also.

'THE COURT: He is not in court. MR. KIMBALL: No, he was this morning.

'THE COURT: Yes. He is free now. MR. KIMBALL: That, I don't know.

'THE COURT: I just got him on the phone. How, you are not going to play fast and loose with this court. We are going to try this case or else you are going over here to jail and wait. I will forfeit your bond. MR. KIMBALL: I am here, sir, that is all I can say.

'THE COURT: What? MR. KIMBALL: I am here, that is all I can say. I was ordered to appear.

'THE COURT: I can't try you without an attorney, and the only reason you don't have an attorney is that you haven't paid for one. MR. KIMBALL: I said that before.

'THE COURT: Do you have funds to hire one. MR. KIMBALL: The funds will be in to Mr. Wilson this week. I told him that on the phone. We haven't been able to do it on account of the weather. It is something that has to be done personally.

'THE COURT: I have a jury waiting here and it is stormy outside. MR. KIMBALL: Yes, I know. I spent about twelve or thirteen hours on the road myself.

'THE COURT: This case is going to be tried this week. Now, I am going to release this jury until Wednesday morning at 9:30 and you be here with counsel, or I am going to try you without counsel, one or the other. Wilson is on the phone, what shall I tell him? MR. KIMBALL: Tell him I will talk to him in Des Moines.

'THE COURT: Do you want to talk to him on the phone? MR. KIMBALL: Yes, I can.

'THE COURT: Go ahead. (Mr. Kimball leaves the courtroom.)

Page 867

'THE COURT: Making you people come out in this kind of weather. While he is talking on the phone to Wilson you may take a roll call. I will tell you something, you get paid for today regardless. I am sorry this case was specially assigned. (The clerk takes roll call of the jury.) (Mr. Kimball returns to the courtroom.)

'THE COURT: This case is going to be set for trial. I told Mr. Wilson and I am telling you in front of these jurors that this case is going to be set for trial at 9:30 Wednesday morning. That is the 8th of January. Fail not at your peril. Do you understand? MR. KIMBALL: No, I didn't hear you.

'THE COURT: Fail not at your peril. MR. KIMBALL: Oh, I will be here.

'THE COURT: You are going to be tried, I will tell you that, whether you have counsel or not.'

On January 8 prior to trial, defendant moved the court for a continuance until another jury panel was present claiming the court's remarks so prejudiced the jury that defendant could not obtain a fair trial before that panel. Defendant assigns the overruling of this motion as error.

We cannot approve of the court's remarks to defendant in the presence of the jury. There may have been some justification for the trial court's obvious irritation with defendant, but he should not have displayed this hostility before the jury panel. The court should at all times be cautious of what he says...

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48 practice notes
  • Lakeside v. Oregon, No. 76-6942
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • March 22, 1978
    ...380 U.S. 609, 85 S.Ct. 1229, 14 L.Ed.2d 106); Gross v. State, 261 Ind. 489, 306 N.E.2d 371 (violates Fifth Amendment); State v. Kimball, 176 N.W.2d 864 (Iowa) (may violate spirit of Griffin ). 4. The Malloy decision overruled the long-settled doctrine of Twining v. New Jersey, 211 U.S. 78, ......
  • Hatter v. Warden, Iowa Men's Reformatory, No. C89-0062.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 8th Circuit. Northern District of Iowa
    • April 17, 1990
    ...1112, 67 L.Ed.2d 241 (1981). This instruction is not given in Iowa unless specifically requested by the defendant. State v. Kimball, 176 N.W.2d 864, 869 (Iowa Third is the right to take the stand and testify on his own behalf. See Rock v. Arkansas, 483 U.S. 44, 49-53, 107 S.Ct. 2704, 2708-1......
  • Walls v. State, No. 1085, Sept. Term, 2014.
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • July 27, 2016
    ...certain adverse inferences which would not otherwise have entered their minds.’ ” Id. at 165, 562 A.2d 1234 (quoting State v. Kimball, 176 N.W.2d 864, 869 (Iowa 1970) ). The Court reasoned that because the purpose of the instruction is to protect the defendant, “it should, like other rights......
  • State v. King, No. 59140
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Iowa
    • June 29, 1977
    ...* * * .' (Citation) We are slow to hold matters calculated to arouse prejudice are non-prejudicial in a criminal case. State v. Kimball, (176 N.W.2d 864) at 867 (Iowa King argues, on the basis of the last portion of the above quoted opinion, trial court's conduct in this case must be deemed......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
48 cases
  • Lakeside v. Oregon, No. 76-6942
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • March 22, 1978
    ...380 U.S. 609, 85 S.Ct. 1229, 14 L.Ed.2d 106); Gross v. State, 261 Ind. 489, 306 N.E.2d 371 (violates Fifth Amendment); State v. Kimball, 176 N.W.2d 864 (Iowa) (may violate spirit of Griffin ). 4. The Malloy decision overruled the long-settled doctrine of Twining v. New Jersey, 211 U.S. 78, ......
  • Hatter v. Warden, Iowa Men's Reformatory, No. C89-0062.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 8th Circuit. Northern District of Iowa
    • April 17, 1990
    ...1112, 67 L.Ed.2d 241 (1981). This instruction is not given in Iowa unless specifically requested by the defendant. State v. Kimball, 176 N.W.2d 864, 869 (Iowa Third is the right to take the stand and testify on his own behalf. See Rock v. Arkansas, 483 U.S. 44, 49-53, 107 S.Ct. 2704, 2708-1......
  • Walls v. State, No. 1085, Sept. Term, 2014.
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • July 27, 2016
    ...certain adverse inferences which would not otherwise have entered their minds.’ ” Id. at 165, 562 A.2d 1234 (quoting State v. Kimball, 176 N.W.2d 864, 869 (Iowa 1970) ). The Court reasoned that because the purpose of the instruction is to protect the defendant, “it should, like other rights......
  • State v. King, No. 59140
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Iowa
    • June 29, 1977
    ...* * * .' (Citation) We are slow to hold matters calculated to arouse prejudice are non-prejudicial in a criminal case. State v. Kimball, (176 N.W.2d 864) at 867 (Iowa King argues, on the basis of the last portion of the above quoted opinion, trial court's conduct in this case must be deemed......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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