State v. Kinkead, 81138

Citation983 S.W.2d 518
Decision Date22 December 1998
Docket NumberNo. 81138,81138
PartiesSTATE of Missouri, Respondent, v. Dallas Leroy KINKEAD, Appellant.
CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Missouri

Terry J. Flanagan, John W. Peel, Benicia Baker-Livorsi, St. Louis, for Appellant.

Jeremiah W. (Jay) Nixon, Atty. Gen., Barbara K. Chesser, Asst. Atty. Gen., Jefferson City, for Respondent.

PER CURIAM. 1

Appellant Dallas Kinkead (Kinkead) was convicted of possession of a controlled substance in violation of section 195.202, RSMo 1994. He was tried, found guilty, and sentenced to three years in the custody of the Missouri Department of Corrections. Kinkead appeals, alleging the trial court erred in denying his motion to suppress methamphetamine discovered during the police officer's search incident to arrest. Kinkead alleges the evidence must be excluded because the officer did not have probable cause to arrest him. The state concedes error in its motion to reverse and requests a remand for a new trial. Following opinion by the court of appeals, that court granted transfer. Rule 83.02; Mo. Const. art. V, sec. 10. The judgment is reversed, and the cause is remanded.

In reviewing the trial court's ruling on a motion to suppress, the facts and any reasonable inferences arising from the facts are to be stated most favorably to the order challenged on appeal. State v. Williams, 937 S.W.2d 330, 332 (Mo.App. E.D.1996). We will disregard any evidence that contradicts the order. Id.

Two police officers detained Kinkead in a parking lot on August 16, 1996, because the car Kinkead was driving had a defective bumper. Kinkead told the officer his name, and the officer checked Kinkead's name with the police database. The database erroneously indicated that Kinkead's driving privileges were suspended. Based upon this information, the officer arrested Kinkead. During the search incident to arrest, the officer discovered a golf-ball-sized object inside a sock, which had been stuffed near Kinkead's groin. The object in the sock was methamphetamine. At trial, Kinkead filed a motion to suppress the methamphetamine seized during the search incident to arrest contending the search violated his constitutional rights. Kinkead argued the trial court should grant his motion to suppress because the state did not present evidence that the police dispatch was based on probable cause. The trial court denied Kinkead's motion to suppress.

An officer must have probable cause to make an arrest. Williams, 937 S.W.2d at 332. While an officer may rely on information from another officer in developing probable cause, the state must show that the officer who disseminated the information had probable cause or reasonable suspicion which would allow that officer to have made the arrest. See State v. Franklin, 841 S.W.2d 639, 641 (Mo. banc 1992); State v. Norfolk, 966 S.W.2d 364, 366 (Mo.App.1998).

We hold that Kinkead's conviction must be reversed because the state did not show that the dispatch was based on probable cause. The state has the burden to produce evidence on the basis of the original officer's probable cause for arrest. However, the state made no attempt to show that the dispatcher had probable cause to make an arrest. The dispatcher did not testify. The state did not present any evidence showing how or why a person's name comes to be entered into the database for drivers with suspended licenses. Without this information, the trial...

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  • State v. Dillard
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • 22 Marzo 2005
    ...v. Galazin, 58 S.W.3d 500, 507 (Mo. banc 2001). Evidence and inferences contrary to the trial court's order are disregarded. State v. Kinkead, 983 S.W.2d 518, 519 (Mo. banc 1998). We defer to the trial court's factual findings and credibility determinations, but we review questions of law d......
  • State v. Gaw
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Missouri
    • 26 Mayo 2009
    ...ruling and contrary evidence and inferences are disregarded." State v. Galazin, 58 S.W.3d 500, 507 (Mo. banc 2001) (citing State v. Kinkead, 983 S.W.2d 518, 519 (Mo. banc In "reviewing the trial court's overruling of a motion to suppress, this Court considers the evidence presented at both ......
  • State v. Tackett
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    • 8 Febrero 2000
    ...seizure of the challenged evidence, would not lie. "An officer must have probable cause to make an arrest" without a warrant. State v. Kinkead, 983 S.W.2d 518, 519 (Mo. banc 1998); State v. Clayton, 995 S.W.2d 468, 477 (Mo. banc), cert. denied, --U.S.--, 120 S. Ct. 543, 145 L. Ed. 2d 421 (1......
  • State v. Jackson
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    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • 20 Febrero 2008
    ...to the ruling. State v. Galazin, 58 S.W.3d 500, 507 (Mo. banc 2001). We disregard all contrary evidence and inferences. State v. Kinkead, 983 S.W.2d 518, 519 (Mo. banc 1998). Viewed in that light, the following additional facts are relevant to the disposition of this In January 2003, Defend......
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