State v. Lyons, 12322

Decision Date17 August 1978
Docket NumberNo. 12322,12322
Citation269 N.W.2d 124
PartiesSTATE of South Dakota, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. Randy Alan LYONS, Defendant and Appellant.
CourtSouth Dakota Supreme Court

John P. Guhin, Asst. Atty. Gen., Pierre, for plaintiff and respondent; William J. Janklow, Atty. Gen., Pierre, on brief.

John J. Burnett of Pennington County Public Defender's Office, Rapid City, for defendant and appellant.

JONES, Circuit Judge.

Appellant was a suspect in a robbery. During interrogation, he confessed. Prior to trial, appellant moved to suppress the confession on the grounds that it was coerced. The motion was denied, and the confession was admitted into evidence at appellant's trial. Appellant appeals from his conviction of robbery. We affirm.

On March 12, 1977, the owner of the Bi-Rite Grocery was struck as he left the store with a strong box containing the day's receipts. The box, containing about $2,300 in cash, was taken. Witnesses saw a man who had been sitting on the porch of a house across the street cross the street and commit the robbery, but they were unable to identify the robber. The next day, a letter was discovered on the porch of the house addressed to the appellant from his wife in Phoenix, Arizona. When the letter was brought to the attention of the police, they started looking for appellant, and, later that day, stopped him as he was preparing to board a plane at the Rapid City Airport, bound for Phoenix.

The officers read appellant his Miranda rights, and upon questioning, he denied committing the robbery. Appellant was questioned concerning communications he had had with his wife, and one of the officers then called his wife in Arizona and discussed with her her contacts with the appellant. Her statements were inconsistent with the appellant's statements, and he was confronted with the inconsistencies.

Appellant testified in this regard:

Q. And when he returned, do you recall what he told you then?

A. Yes, just that he asked me before he left the room if I had talked to my wife that day, and I told him yes, and then he left the room and come back. He said he talked to my wife. That our stories didn't match. That somebody was lying and then, he said I was either getting in deeper and deeper and just making things worse, and then, he started talking about my wife being arrested.

The officer's testimony as to this conversation was:

Q. Okay now, did you tell Mr. Lyons that you that you were thinking of arresting his wife after he denied having anything to do with the robbery?

A. No, I told him that, with some information that he had previously told me, and with what his wife had told me through a telephone conversation, that he was possibly getting his wife involved in this and I questioned him as to whether or not he really wanted to get his wife involved in it and there was with the possibility that she may be charged.

The appellant shortly thereafter confessed to the crime, told the officers where the strong box was located, and that he had mailed part of the cash to his wife. A package addressed to his wife and containing four plastic bags containing $1,510.20 was intercepted at the Rapid City post office.

When a confession or an incriminating statement allegedly made by the accused is offered by the prosecution and objected to, the state has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt the same was freely and voluntarily...

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19 cases
  • State v. Iron Necklace
    • United States
    • South Dakota Supreme Court
    • September 21, 1988
    ...court has entered a finding, that finding is binding on this court unless such finding is clearly erroneous. DuBois, supra; State v. Lyons, 269 N.W.2d 124 (S.D.1978). The Iron Necklaces and their children were detained by two Faulk County Deputy Sheriffs as previously noted. The deputies ac......
  • State v. Jenner
    • United States
    • South Dakota Supreme Court
    • March 26, 1990
    ...surrounding the interrogation. Albright, at 297; Faehnrich, at 898. See also, State v. Caffrey, 332 N.W.2d 269 (S.D.1983); State v. Lyons, 269 N.W.2d 124 (S.D.1978). In reviewing the trial court's findings on voluntariness, we consider the evidence in the light most favorable to the finding......
  • State v. Tuttle
    • United States
    • South Dakota Supreme Court
    • July 31, 2002
    ...such conduct but nevertheless permitted use of the statement if voluntary under the totality of the circumstances. See State v. Lyons, 269 N.W.2d 124 (S.D. 1978), infra, discussed in footnote 16. We do not follow this "but for" causation analysis. Owens, 2002 SD 42 at ¶ 52, 643 N.W.2d at 75......
  • State v. Helmer, 18858
    • United States
    • South Dakota Supreme Court
    • March 27, 1996
    ...418 N.W.2d 292, 297 (S.D.1988); State v. Faehnrich, 359 N.W.2d 895, 898 (S.D.1984). See also Caffrey, 332 N.W.2d at 271; State v. Lyons, 269 N.W.2d 124, 126 (S.D.1978)). "In reviewing the trial court's findings on voluntariness, we consider the evidence in the light most favorable to the fi......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
4 books & journal articles
  • Suppressing involuntary confessions
    • United States
    • James Publishing Practical Law Books Suppressing Criminal Evidence Confessions and other statements
    • April 1, 2022
    ..., 397 A.2d 989 (ME, 1979); State v. Phinney , 370 A.2d 1153 (NH 1977); People v. Anderson , 364 N.E. 1318 (NY 1977); State v. Lyons , 269 N.W.2d 124 (SD 1978); Commonwealth v. Mandile , 492 N.E. 74 (Mass 1986); People v. Thomas , 8 N.E.3d 308 (NY 2014). Research the law in your jurisdiction......
  • Suppressing involuntary confessions
    • United States
    • James Publishing Practical Law Books Archive Suppressing Criminal Evidence - 2020 Contents
    • July 31, 2020
    ..., 397 A.2d 989 (ME, 1979); State v. Phinney , 370 A.2d 1153 (NH 1977); People v. Anderson , 364 N.E. 1318 (NY 1977); State v. Lyons , 269 N.W.2d 124 (SD 1978); Commonwealth v. Mandile , 492 N.E. 74 (Mass 1986); People v. Thomas , 8 N.E.3d 308 (NY 2014). Research the law in your jurisdiction......
  • Suppressing Involuntary Confessions
    • United States
    • James Publishing Practical Law Books Archive Suppressing Criminal Evidence - 2016 Contents
    • August 4, 2016
    ..., 397 A.2d 989 (ME, 1979); State v. Phinney , 370 A.2d 1153 (NH 1977); People v. Anderson , 364 N.E. 1318 (NY 1977); State v. Lyons , 269 N.W.2d 124(SD 1978); Commonwealth v. Mandile , 492 N.E. 74 (Mass 1986); People v. Thomas , 8 N.E.3d 308 (NY 2014). Research the law in your jurisdiction ......
  • Suppressing Involuntary Confessions
    • United States
    • James Publishing Practical Law Books Archive Suppressing Criminal Evidence - 2017 Contents
    • August 4, 2017
    ..., 397 A.2d 989 (ME, 1979); State v. Phinney , 370 A.2d 1153 (NH 1977); People v. Anderson , 364 N.E. 1318 (NY 1977); State v. Lyons , 269 N.W.2d 124(SD 1978); Commonwealth v. Mandile , 492 N.E. 74 (Mass 1986); People v. Thomas , 8 N.E.3d 308 (NY 2014). Research the law in your jurisdiction ......

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