State v. Madden

Decision Date11 July 1925
Docket Number26,307
Citation119 Kan. 263,237 P. 663
PartiesTHE STATE OF KANSAS, Appellant, v. ROY MADDEN, Appellee
CourtKansas Supreme Court

Decided July, 1925.

Appeal from Norton district court; WILLARD SIMMONS, judge.

Judgment affirmed.



CRIMINAL LAW--Former Jeopardy--Liquor Prosecution. The facts alleged in a plea in abatement in a liquor prosecution set out in the opinion examined, and held to show that defendant had already been in jeopardy for the offense on which it was sought to prosecute him and to constitute a good plea in abatement against the state's demurrer thereto.

Charles B. Griffith, attorney-general, W. A. Smith, assistant attorney-general, and Robert W. Hemphill, county attorney for the appellant.

J. F. Bennett, of Smith Center, and W. E. Mahin, of Osborne, for the appellee.

Dawson J. Dawson, J. concurring specially.



Defendant was convicted before a justice of the peace of having unlawful possession of intoxicating liquors. He appealed to the district court, and when the cause came on for hearing, after a jury had been impaneled and sworn, his counsel filed a motion for his discharge and to dismiss the case for the reason that the certified complaint on which he had been convicted before the justice had not been filed in the district court as the statute directs. (R. S. 63-401.) The state asked leave to amend by allowing the complaint to be certified and filed. Defendant objected. Colloquy followed, in which the court and counsel for the parties participated, culminating in a motion by the state to dismiss without prejudice, which motion was sustained. These matters were afterwards embodied in a plea in abatement, which, in part, reads:

[Counsel for defendant:] "The defendant objects, as the amendment would be in substance after the plea, in substance and form after the plea.

"The Court: It may be possible that the state may amend, but if the defendant objects, the supreme court has held and this court must hold that trial cannot proceed at this time.

[Counsel for the state:] "The state asks permission to dismiss the proceeding now pending without prejudice to future action.

[Counsel for defendant:] "We object to a dismissal without prejudice, for reason that this matter is a matter of jeopardy. Jeopardy in the justice's court and in this court, and whether in this court or inferior court the defendant is in jeopardy.

"The Court: If the court permits the amendment at this time, will the defendant withdraw his objection to trial proceeding at this time?

[Counsel for defendant:] "No, sir; we should say not, nor at any other time.

"The Court: As suggested, the court cannot permit the amendment and proceed. The state has moved to dismiss. If they prefer they may amend, and in the cases suggested in supreme court the question is very fully discussed; but if the state desired time, I think the court should give a reasonable time for them to investigate before asking the court to pass on the matter at this time. This case has been delayed a considerable time, but I believe the state should take some time to investigate and not be called upon to decide hastily as to what their procedure might be. . . .

[Counsel for defendant:] "We never ask for time to look up the law. We always try to have our cases prepared before they are called for trial. The defendant at this time moves the court to dismiss the case for the reason that there was no proper and necessary pleadings on file; no certified complaint on file in this court; no certified or verified warrants in this court; no certified bond, and no other papers in this case being verified or certified, except the transcript of record, and for that reason asks that this case is dismissed.

"The Court: This motion is overruled and the state given a reasonable time. . . .

"(Jury admonished, 3:30 p. m., 2-13-24; excused for one hour, 4:30 p. m., 2-13-24. All parties present. Trial proceeds as follows:)

[Counsel for the state:] "Comes now the state in the above-entitled cause and moves the court to dismiss the prosecution without prejudice.

[Counsel for defendant:] "We object to that without prejudice.

[Counsel for defendant:] "I doubt whether the question of prejudice should be in the ruling; at least we are not agreeing to it. I am just making this suggestion so that we lose no rights.

[Counsel for the state:] "I don't think it makes a bit of difference in the dismissal.

"The Court: The motion of the state to dismiss is sustained."

The state then commenced this action by filing a new information charging the defendant with the same offense for which he had been convicted before the justice of the peace and which had been the subject of the abortive proceedings in the district court as above narrated.

Defendant filed a plea in abatement directed at the new information, setting up the antecedent litigation, and incorporating therein a transcript showing the defendant's motions to dismiss and discharge and the state's motion to dismiss without prejudice, and including also the colloquy set out above which had been a feature of the prior proceedings.

The state demurred to the plea in abatement. This was overruled. The state appeals.

Counsel for the state call attention to some of our decisions indicating what the trial court might have done when the appealed case was before it, but their significance is immaterial now because that appealed case was dismissed and a new action commenced in its stead. Before the state moved to dismiss the appealed case a jury had been impaneled and...

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4 cases
  • Ward v. State
    • United States
    • Maryland Court of Appeals
    • April 7, 1981
    ...85 Ga. 570, 11 S.E. 876 (1890); Jones v. State, 55 Ga. 625 (1876); State v. Reed, 168 Ind. 588, 81 N.E. 571 (1907); State v. Madden, 119 Kan. 263, 237 P. 663 (1925); State v. Washington, 33 La.Ann. 1473 (1882) (involving successive prosecutions for murder and accessory before the fact to mu......
  • State v. Belisle
    • United States
    • Kansas Supreme Court
    • January 24, 1948
    ... ... Kan. 116, 8 P. 275; State v. English, 34 Kan. 629, 9 ... P. 761; State v. Allison, 44 Kan. 423, 24 P. 964; ... State v. Durein, 65 Kan. 700, 70 P. 601; State ... v. Plomondon, 75 Kan. 853, 90 P. 254; City of Salina ... v. Laughlin, 106 Kan. 275, 187 P. 676; State v ... Madden, 119 Kan. 263, 237 P. 663; and State v ... Hall, 138 Kan. 460, 26 P.2d 265. From the reported list ... of cases counsel for the defendant selects State v ... Anderson, 17 Kan. 89, supra, State v. Anderson, ... 34 Kan. 116, 8 P. 275, supra, and particularly State v ... Durein, supra, and ... ...
  • Ex parte Rockwood
    • United States
    • Kansas Supreme Court
    • July 10, 1937
    ... ... court for contributing to delinquency of children, jury had ... been impaneled and sworn to try cause, state had introduced ... its evidence and rested, and jury had been discharged without ... defendant's consent, defendant had been put in ... Rook, 61 Kan. 382, 59 P. 653, 49 ... L.R.A. 186; State v. Stiff, 117 Kan. 243, 234 P ... 700; Id., 118 Kan. 208, 234 P. 700; State v. Madden, ... 119 Kan. 263, 237 P. 663; State v. Hendren, 127 Kan ... 497, 274 P. 274; State v. Zier, 138 Kan. 235, 237, ... 25 P.2d 583; In re Brown, 139 ... ...
  • State v. Reynolds
    • United States
    • Kansas Supreme Court
    • October 6, 1934 quash, as in the Stiff Case, supra, and later reversing that ruling without any request from the defendant. The case of State v. Madden, 119 Kan. 263, 237 P. 663, cited in this connection, is also very different from the at bar, it being an appeal from a conviction of a misdemeanor in ju......

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