State v. McKay

Citation97 Or.App. 590,776 P.2d 1316
PartiesSTATE of Oregon, Appellant, v. Douglas Glenn McKAY, Respondent. 87-5533; CA A49217.
Decision Date26 July 1989
CourtCourt of Appeals of Oregon

Janet A. Klapstein, Asst. Atty. Gen., Salem, argued the cause for appellant. With her on the brief were Dave Frohnmayer, Atty. Gen. and Virginia L. Linder, Sol. Gen.

David B. Williamson, St. Helens, argued the cause for respondent. With him on the brief was Williamson & Hunnicutt, St. Helens.

Before BUTTLER, P.J., and JOSEPH, C.J., and WARREN, J.

JOSEPH, Chief Judge.

Defendant is charged with sexual abuse of his stepdaughter. ORS 163.415. Before trial, the state moved to allow testimony by the victim about sexual contacts between her and defendant on several occasions, beginning when she was 10 years old and ending when she was about 13. She was 15 when the incident giving rise to the charge occurred. The trial court denied the state's motion. The state appeals. 1

OEC 404(3) provides:

"Evidence of other crimes, wrongs or acts is not admissible to prove the character of a person in order to show that the person acted in conformity therewith. It may, however, be admissible for other purposes, such as proof of motive, opportunity, intent, preparation, plan, knowledge, identity, or absence of mistake or accident."

The listed exceptions are illustrations, not limitations. State v. Johns, 301 Or. 535, 548, 725 P.2d 312 (1986); see also State v. Zybach, 308 Or. 96, 99, 775 P.2d 318 (1989). The state offered several bases for admitting the testimony, including:

"And in this case it's important that the evidence be admitted because of the type of case this is. This is a situation where a 17-year-old girl will come in and say that her stepfather came in to her room and laid down beside her and sexually abused her. And what the cases have said is that type of evidence will lead a person on the jury to believe that this is incredible, that this kind of thing could not happen. How could something like this happen right out of the blue? And that's why the prior acts are so important to be admitted in this type of case to show there was this plan, that the defendant had this opportunity before and that the victim, her statements are true and are corroborated."

The trial court refused to admit the testimony about the act committed when the victim was 10 years old, because "that clearly would fall in the area of undue prejudice because of the charge that's been filed." The court refused the other testimony under OEC 404(3).

To the extent that the ruling rests on OEC 404(3), it is contrary to State v. Zybach, supra, where the court said:

"[A]lthough the evidence was not admissible to show that defendant had a propensity to have sexual intercourse or similar contact with minor girls, it was relevant to show why the child had not reported the original sexual assault. This is a type of uncharged misconduct evidence admissible under OEC 404(3), even though not included in the specific illustrations. * * *

"The repeated association between the pursuer and the pursued was directly relevant to demonstrate why, having failed to complain about the initial sex act, the victim reported it when defendant did not desist from pestering her. Without the evidence of the ongoing relationship between the two, a jury deprived of this evidence would hear that in June 1985 the victim allegedly had intercourse with defendant but did not report it until March of the following year. The victim was properly allowed to testify to facts from which a jury could infer reasons for the delayed reporting." 308 Or. at 99-100, 775 P.2d at 320.

The language from Zybach and the language...

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4 cases
  • State v. Panduro
    • United States
    • Oregon Court of Appeals
    • December 3, 2008
    ...reporting, occurred before or after the charged conduct is a distinction without a difference. As we explained in State v. McKay, 97 Or.App. 590, 593, 776 P.2d 1316 (1989), aff'd on other grounds, 309 Or. 305, 787 P.2d 479 (1990), "[t]he only distinctions that could be made, such as that th......
  • State v. McKay
    • United States
    • Oregon Supreme Court
    • February 22, 1990
    ...and excluded the evidence. The state appealed to the Court of Appeals, which reversed the decision of the trial judge. State v. McKay, 97 Or.App. 590, 776 P.2d 1316 (1989). In doing so, the Court of Appeals engaged in a bit of hyperbole in interpreting our decision in State v. Zybach, 308 O......
  • State v. Gonzalez
    • United States
    • Oregon Court of Appeals
    • July 26, 1989
    ...of prior sexual contact between him and the victim. It does not. State v. Zybach, 308 Or. 96, 775 P.2d 318 (1989); State v. McKay, 97 Or.App. 590, 776 P.2d 1316 (decided this Affirmed. 1 Defendant's pretrial motion to exclude the evidence was denied.2 OEC 404(3) provides:"Evidence of other ......
  • State v. McKay
    • United States
    • Oregon Supreme Court
    • November 14, 1989
    ...441 784 P.2d 441 308 Or. 500 State v. McKay (Douglas Glen) NOS. A49217, S36538 Supreme Court of Oregon NOV 14, 1989 97 Or.App. 590, 776 P.2d 1316 ...
1 books & journal articles
  • The whole truth: restoring reality to children's narrative in long-term incest cases.
    • United States
    • Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology Vol. 87 No. 4, June 1997
    • June 22, 1997
    ...narrative understandable to them. (265) See Pounds v. United States, 529 A.2d 791, 795 (D.C. 1987). (266) Id. (267) Id. (268) 776 P.2d 1316 (Or. Ct. App. 1989), aff'd, 787 P.2d 479 (Or. (269) Id. (270) Id. (271) State v. G.S., 650 A.2d 819, 824 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 1994). For addition......

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