State v. Newell

Decision Date03 December 1990
Docket NumberNo. 1592,1592
Citation303 S.C. 471,401 S.E.2d 420
CourtSouth Carolina Court of Appeals
PartiesThe STATE, Respondent, v. Victoria Bennett NEWELL, Appellant. . Heard

William G. Rhoden, Gaffney, for appellant.

Atty. Gen. T. Travis Medlock, Asst. Attys. Gen. Harold M. Coombs, Jr. and William Edgar Salter, III, Columbia, and Sol. Holman C. Gossett, Jr., Spartanburg, for respondent.

GOOLSBY, Judge.

Victoria Bennett Newell appeals her conviction by a jury for driving under the influence (DUI). The questions on appeal relate to the trial judge's failure to disqualify the venire from which her jury panel was chosen, his failure to suppress statements made by Newell following her arrest, and his allowance of the breathalyzer checklist in evidence.

On November 24, 1988, at around 7:00 a.m., Trooper D.R. Porter arrived at the scene of a traffic accident that had occurred in Cherokee County on Interstate-85 in the northbound lane. One of the automobiles involved belonged to Newell, its only occupant. Trooper Porter, the first officer on the scene, found Newell seated in the driver's seat behind the steering wheel of her car, her clothes in disarray and the odor of alcohol about her person. Newell, who did not appear injured, identified herself to Trooper Porter as the car's driver. When Trooper Porter asked Newell to step from the car, "she was staggering." Trooper Porter, who concluded Newell was under the influence, placed her under arrest at about 7:35 a.m., charging her with DUI. He then assisted her into the patrol car of a second highway patrolman.

Like Trooper Porter, the second officer, Sergeant John L. Canty, also smelled the odor of alcohol about Newell. After Newell got out of her car, Sergeant Canty saw her "wobbling" and walking "weavey-like." He had "no doubt ... in [his] mind that she was under the influence of an alcoholic beverage."

Sergeant Canty drove Newell to the Cherokee County jail in Gaffney. There, Sergeant G.L. Yarborough of the Highway Patrol administered a breathalyzer test to Newell at around 8:57 a.m. The test placed Newell's blood alcohol level at 0.17 per cent. Newell seemed to Sergeant Yarborough to be overly talkative. He detected about her a "very strong odor of some alcoholic beverage coming from her breath and her person" and he observed Newell "was very unsteady on her feet." He believed Newell to be "very much under the influence."

The Cherokee County Grand Jury later indicted Newell for second offense DUI.

I.

Newell maintains the trial judge committed prejudicial error in denying her pretrial motion to quash the venire from which the jury panel that heard her case was selected. She alleges the venire was "tainted" because it was present in the courtroom when, just prior to the selection of the jury panel in her case, a defendant, who had been indicted on three counts of felony DUI after being involved in a vehicular accident and registering a breathalyzer reading lower than the reading recorded by Newell, entered a nolo contendere plea.

Newell's contention regarding the venire has no merit whatever. There is a complete absence of any evidence that anyone on the venire was so affected by the plea proceedings in the felony DUI case that he or she in Newell's case " '[could not] render a just verdict based on the evidence adduced at trial, without regard to preconceived ideas.' " State v. Jones, 298 S.C. 118, 121, 378 S.E.2d 594, 596 (1989) cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 110 S.Ct. 1534, 108 L.Ed.2d 773 (1990), quoting State v. Thomas, 268 S.C. 343, 348, 234 S.E.2d 16, 18 (1977).

In an attempt to determine the competence of all members of the venire to serve on the jury panel in Newell's case, the trial judge examined the venire on voir dire. He asked them, among other things, whether any one of them opposed alcohol consumption, held membership in any organization opposed to driving and drinking, had formed an opinion concerning Newell's guilt or innocence, and knew of any reason why he or she could not give both the State and Newell a fair and impartial trial. Newell challenged none of the jurors for cause, including the two who responded to the trial judge's questions. Also, when the trial judge asked Newell's counsel whether he had "[a]nything further," counsel replied, "[n]othing, your Honor."

The fact that the venire was present when the court accepted a nolo contendere plea in an unrelated, though similar, DUI case afforded no basis, without more, for disqualifying the venire members from serving on the jury panel in Newell's DUI case. See St. John v. Commercial Union Insurance Co., 719 F.2d 374 (11th Cir.1983) (jurors are not disqualified from having served on a prior similar case involving different parties); United States v. Franklin, 700 F.2d 1241 (10th Cir.1983) (a person who sat on a similar criminal case before being selected for the case on which he is challenged cannot be dismissed unless the person is shown to be biased); Lang v. Murch, 438 A.2d 914 (Me.1981) (prior jury service on a similar but unrelated case does not automatically disqualify a prospective juror from service); State v. Charlot, 157 W.Va. 994, 206 S.E.2d 908 (1974) (a defendant in a drug sale prosecution is not entitled to have the entire panel of jurors stricken even though thirteen of twenty had served in other cases involving similar subject matter and evidence); State v. Martin, 21 N.C.App. 645, 205 S.E.2d 583 (1974) (the fact that a juror served in a case that is similar to the case in which he is being asked to serve does not disqualify the juror).

II.

Newell next contends the trial judge committed reversible error in receiving in evidence the statements Newell made to Sergeant Canty, the officer who transported her to the jail.

Sergeant Canty testified he asked Newell, while enroute to the jail and again at the jail, about where she had been before the accident and how the accident happened. She told Sergeant Canty she was coming from Greer on her way home to Greenville when her car was struck from the rear as she attempted to change lanes, she had been at a friend's house in Greer the night before the accident and had had something to drink there but she did not know how much, and she had consumed her last drink around 10:00 p.m.

A.

Newell initially moved to suppress the statements made by her to Sergeant Canty on the ground that the State failed to make a disclosure of the statements pursuant to her request under Rule 5(a)(1)(A) of the South Carolina Rules of Criminal Procedure. 1 In making his motion, counsel for Newell declared "this is my first inkling that there ha[ve] been statements made by [Newell] to Officer Canty."

Newell's counsel, however, thereafter acknowledged the solicitor maintained an "open file" policy and admitted he had "probably" looked at the solicitor's file. The file, which the prosecutor insisted he had made available to Newell's counsel, contained highlighted notes made by Sergeant Canty that reflected much of the officer's testimony concerning Newell's statements to him.

The trial judge then recessed the trial and gave Newell's counsel an opportunity to talk with Sergeant Canty. An in camera hearing in which Sergeant Canty testified followed. At its conclusion, the trial judge denied Newell's motion to suppress. He cited her counsel's opportunity to talk with the officer "to find out what he is going to testify to" and the availability to counsel before trial of the solicitor's file containing Sergeant Canty's notes.

We find no fault with the trial judge's ruling regarding Newell's motion to suppress made pursuant to Rule 5(d)(1). In making available to Newell's attorney its file containing Sergeant Canty's notes, the prosecution substantially, if not totally, satisfied Rule 5(a)(1)(A)'s requirement that it "permit the defendant to inspect and copy ... the substance of any oral statement which the prosecution intends to offer in evidence at the trial made by the defendant...."

Even assuming the prosecution failed to respond to Newell's request for discovery before trial, the trial judge did not abuse his discretion in not suppressing the statement for failure to respond. See 2 C. WRIGHT, FEDERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE: CRIMINAL 2d § 261 at 126 (1982) (adverse orders regarding discovery may be reviewed on appeal but they must be affirmed unless the trial court abused its discretion). Rule 5(d)(2), 2 as does its federal counterpart, FED.R.CRIM.P. 16(d)(2), gives the court a broad discretion in deciding what should be done where material that should have been produced in response to an earlier request does not become known until during or just before the trial. Id. § 260 at 120. The sanction the trial judge chose here, recessing the trial and affording Newell's counsel an opportunity to interview the officer to whom Newell allegedly made the incriminating oral statements, was an appropriate sanction under the circumstances. Cf. State v. Patterson, 290 S.C. 523, 351 S.E.2d 853 (1986), cert. dismissed, sub nom. Patterson v. South Carolina, 482 U.S. 902, 107 S.Ct. 2490, 96 L.Ed.2d 382 (1987) (the State's failure to...

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