State v. Piphus, 53195

Citation749 S.W.2d 26
Decision Date26 April 1988
Docket NumberNo. 53195,53195
PartiesSTATE of Missouri, Respondent, v. Andrew PIPHUS, Appellant.
CourtCourt of Appeal of Missouri (US)

Holly G. Simons, Mary Clare McWilliams, Asst. Public Defenders, St. Louis, for appellant.

William L. Webster, Atty. Gen., Breck K. Burgess, Asst. Atty. Gen., Jefferson City, for respondent.

CRIST, Judge.

Appeal from a jury conviction for unlawful use of a weapon, § 571.030.1(1), RSMo 1986, and possession of a controlled substance, § 195.020.1, RSMo 1986. Defendant was sentenced to concurrent prison terms of two and one-half years and six months respectively. We affirm.

In its case in chief, the State adduced evidence from two police detectives, a fire arms expert, and a lab technician. They testified that: At about 7:30 p.m. on November 4, 1986, police officers executed a search warrant at 1379 Granville, because their surveillance indicated drugs were being sold from the house at that address. While several detectives entered the building by the front door, uniformed officers deployed themselves at the rear entrance to the house. As the detectives entered the building, they saw three subjects run out the back door. One of those subjects was defendant.

The detectives pursued the three subjects. As defendant was running out the back door, he removed a hand gun from the waistband of his pants and threw it to the ground. The detectives chased another subject into an adjoining building and the uniformed officers detained defendant. When the detectives returned they read defendant his Miranda rights and searched him. They testified that at no time did anyone strike defendant. The search revealed defendant had three small brown envelopes containing marijuana in the right front pocket of his trousers. A .357 magnum revolver was recovered from the yard by one of the detectives.

Defendant asserts he was not carrying a gun or drugs on the evening of his arrest. He testified detectives, whom he could not identify, took him to the back wall of the house, beat him with a nightstick, and threatened to plant drugs on him unless he told them where the drugs were in the house. Defendant claims the gun was not found until after he was placed in the police car, and he was not aware he was being charged with possession of a controlled substance until he was at the police station.

During rebuttal the detectives who testified in the State's case in chief testified they did not carry nightsticks; they did not observe anyone hit defendant with a nightstick; they did not hear anyone threaten to plant drugs on defendant; and no one planted a gun or drugs on the defendant. Two of the uniformed officers who had been deployed at the rear of the building also testified for the State on rebuttal. Their testimony was in accord with that of the detectives.

Defendant asserts the State's rebuttal evidence did not counteract, repel or disprove evidence...

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1 cases
  • State v. Reese, WD
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • 6 Marzo 1990
    ...used in rebuttal is not improperly admitted merely because it could have been used by the state in its case in chief. State v. Piphus, 749 S.W.2d 26, 27 (Mo.App.1988). Defendant contends that the analysis used by the eastern district in State v. Kehner, 776 S.W.2d 396 (Mo.App.1989), is appl......

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