State v. Tucker, No. 4335.

CourtCourt of Appeals of South Carolina
Writing for the CourtThomas
Citation376 S.C. 412,656 S.E.2d 403
PartiesHEARN, C.J., and THOMAS, J., concur. The STATE, Respondent, v. Lawrence Marcus TUCKER, Appellant.
Decision Date16 January 2008
Docket NumberNo. 4335.
656 S.E.2d 403
376 S.C. 412
HEARN, C.J., and THOMAS, J., concur.
The STATE, Respondent,
v.
Lawrence Marcus TUCKER, Appellant.
No. 4335.
Court of Appeals of South Carolina.
Heard November 7, 2007.
Decided January 16, 2008.
Rehearing Denied February 14, 2008.

[656 S.E.2d 404]

Appellate Defender Katherine H. Hudgins, of Columbia, for Appellant.

Attorney General Henry Dargan McMaster, Chief Deputy Attorney General John W. McIntosh, Assistant Deputy Attorney General Salley W. Elliott, Senior Assistant Attorney General Norman Mark Rapoport, all of Columbia; and Solicitor David Michael Pascoe, Jr., of Summerville, for Respondent.

THOMAS, J.


Lawrence Marcus Tucker appeals the entry of his guilty plea in which he waived his rights to appellate review and post-conviction relief. He argues his appearance in a South Carolina court violated the Interstate Agreement on Detainers Act and his conviction should be vacated. We disagree. Tucker also argues the trial court erred in accepting his, guilty plea in which he waived the right to file an action for post-conviction relief. We find this issue is not ripe for our review.

656 S.E.2d 405
FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY

Tucker was charged with two counts of Pelt assault with intent to kill and one count of assault and battery with intent to kill after an incident in Calhoun County on October 20, 2002. Following his May 13, 2008 Calhoun County Grand Jury indictments, Tucker was convicted in a federal court of the unauthorized use of a device while on bond and began serving his federal sentence.

In February 2006, Tucker was transferred from the Edgefield Federal Correctional Institution to Calhoun County to dispose of the three indictments against him. Although the State was prepared to proceed to trial, Tucker had never met with his, attorney and thus moved for a continuance; The trial court granted his motion and Tucker was returned to federal custody.

On March 20, 2006, Tucker was again transferred into state custody to dispose of the three indictments. Before returning to Calhoun County, Tucker filed a motion to dismiss the indictments based on a violation of the Interstate Agreement on Detainers Act (IAD). Tucker argued solely under IAD Article IV(e), the "anti-shuttling" provision, that his three indictments should be dismissed. After hearing arguments from both sides, the trial court ruled that the purpose of the IAD, the timely disposition of charges, was not accomplished upon Tucker's February visit and as such the anti-shuttling provision of the IAD did not apply to Tucker.

After the trial court denied his motion to dismiss, Tucker entered into negotiations with the solicitor. Tucker subsequently pled guilty in return for a recommended sentence of seven years. Included in the plea agreement were a waiver of Tucker's right to file an appeal on his IAD motion and a waiver of his right to file for post conviction relief (PCR). Tucker waived both of these rights several times during the trial court's plea colloquy. Tucker now appeals his conviction and seeks to vacate his plea on the two rights he waived in the plea agreement, namely, an appeal regarding the IAD motion and an appeal of his waiver of the right to file a PCR.

LAW/ANALYSIS
I. Interstate Agreement on Detainers

Tucker asserts Article IV(e) of the IAD was violated and the trial court erred by not dismissing the charges against him in light of the IAD violation. We find Tucker waived any such IAD violation by entering a guilty plea and expressly waived the right to appeal any such violation under the terms of his guilty plea.

The IAD is an interstate compact by which the states, the District of Columbia, and the Federal Government have established uniform procedures for the transfer of prisoners serving sentences in one state to another state1 for the disposition of pending charges, South Carolina enacted the IAD into law in 1962. S.C.Code Ann. 17-11-10 (2006).

In State v. Adams, 354 S.C. 361, 580 S.E.2d 785 (Ct.App.2003), this court found that a violation of the IAD does not deprive a court of subject matter jurisdiction. Numerous courts have held the rights created by the IAD are statutory in nature and do not rise to the level of constitutionally guaranteed rights. Pethel v. McBride, 219 W.Va. 578, 638 S.E.2d 727 (2006); U.S. v. Black, 609 F.2d 1330 (9th Cir.1979), certiorari denied 449 U.S. 847, 101 S.Ct. 132, 66 L.Ed.2d 56 ("the protections of the IAD are not founded on constitutional rights, or the preservation of a fair trial, but are designed to facilitate a defendant's rehabilitation in prison and to avoid disruptions caused when charges are outstanding against the prisoner in another jurisdiction"); Camp v. U.S., 587 F.2d 397, 400 (8th Cir.1978) (holding the IAD is a statutory set of rules and does not amount to constitutionally guaranteed rights); Diggs v. Owens, 833 F.2d 439, 442 (3rd Cir.1987) (holding the IAD is a set of procedural rules, the violation of which does not infringe a constitutional right); Reed v. Clark, 984 F.2d 209, 210 (7th Cir.1993) (holding IAD procedures

656 S.E.2d 406

are not constitutional rights). The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has held the IAD "constitutes nothing more than a set of procedural rules." U.S. v. Palmer, 574 F.2d 164, 167 (3rd Cir.1978). The statutory right to dismissal due to an administrative violation of these rules is therefore not "`fundamental,' even though its impact on a defendant may be great." Id. (citing Blackledge v. Perry, 417 U.S. 21, 30, 94 S.Ct. 2098, 40 L.Ed.2d 628 (1974)).

Tucker contends Article IV(e)2 of the IAD was violated when he was transferred to South Carolina custody in March 2006 for disposition of the same charges he faced during a February 2006 appearance in a South Carolina court. In the interim, Tucker was returned to Edgefield Federal Correctional Institution, his "original place of imprisonment" under the terms of the IAD. S.C.Code Ann. § 17-11-10, Art. IV(e) (2006). Tucker argues under Alabama v. Bozeman, 533 U.S. 146, 121 S.Ct. 2079, 150 L.Ed.2d 188 (2001), the United States Supreme Court held "every prisoner arrival in the receiving State, whether followed by a very brief stay, or a very long stay in the receiving State, triggers IV(e)'s `no return' requirement," and thus Tucker's return to South Carolina custody was in violation of the IAD. 533 U.S. at 154, 121 S.Ct. 2079 (emphasis in original).

The case sub judice is distinguished, from Bozeman by the fact that Tucker proceeded to enter a...

To continue reading

Request your trial
14 practice notes
  • State v. Rice, No. 27210.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • January 16, 2013
    ...It conclusively disposes of all prior issues including independent claims of deprivations of constitutional rights.”); State v. Tucker, 376 S.C. 412, 418, 656 S.E.2d 403, 406–07 (Ct.App.2008) (finding a defendant's plea of guilty waived any challenge to his conviction based on an alleged pr......
  • State v. Barnes, Appellate Case No. 2017-002140
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of South Carolina
    • July 22, 2020
    ...IAD motions in the first trial did not constitute assertions of his constitutional rights to a speedy trial. See State v. Tucker , 376 S.C. 412, 416, 656 S.E.2d 403, 405 (Ct. App. 2008) ("Numerous courts have held the rights created by the IAD are statutory in nature and do not rise to the ......
  • State v. Sims, Appellate Case No. 2015-000721
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of South Carolina
    • April 18, 2018
    ...no exception to the rule against conditional pleas and the key role it plays in ensuring the finality of judgments. See State v. Tucker , 376 S.C. 412, 418, 656 S.E.2d 403, 406–407 (Ct. App. 2008) (defendant's statutory right to dismissal for violation of the Interstate Agreement on Detaine......
  • State v. Her, No. A08-0567 (Minn. App. 5/5/2009), No. A08-0567.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Minnesota
    • May 5, 2009
    ...383 A.2d 437, 439 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 1978); People v. Cusick, 489 N.Y.S.2d 96, 97 (N.Y. App. Div. 1985); State v. Tucker, 656 S.E.2d 403, 406 (S.C. Ct. App. 2008), cert. granted (S.C. Nov. 20, 2008); State v. Penman, 964 P.2d 1157, 1164 (Utah Ct. App. 1998); Pethel v. McBride, 638 S......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
14 cases
  • State v. Rice, No. 27210.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • January 16, 2013
    ...It conclusively disposes of all prior issues including independent claims of deprivations of constitutional rights.”); State v. Tucker, 376 S.C. 412, 418, 656 S.E.2d 403, 406–07 (Ct.App.2008) (finding a defendant's plea of guilty waived any challenge to his conviction based on an alleged pr......
  • State v. Barnes, Appellate Case No. 2017-002140
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of South Carolina
    • July 22, 2020
    ...IAD motions in the first trial did not constitute assertions of his constitutional rights to a speedy trial. See State v. Tucker , 376 S.C. 412, 416, 656 S.E.2d 403, 405 (Ct. App. 2008) ("Numerous courts have held the rights created by the IAD are statutory in nature and do not rise to the ......
  • State v. Sims, Appellate Case No. 2015-000721
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of South Carolina
    • April 18, 2018
    ...no exception to the rule against conditional pleas and the key role it plays in ensuring the finality of judgments. See State v. Tucker , 376 S.C. 412, 418, 656 S.E.2d 403, 406–407 (Ct. App. 2008) (defendant's statutory right to dismissal for violation of the Interstate Agreement on Detaine......
  • State v. Her, No. A08-0567 (Minn. App. 5/5/2009), No. A08-0567.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Minnesota
    • May 5, 2009
    ...383 A.2d 437, 439 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 1978); People v. Cusick, 489 N.Y.S.2d 96, 97 (N.Y. App. Div. 1985); State v. Tucker, 656 S.E.2d 403, 406 (S.C. Ct. App. 2008), cert. granted (S.C. Nov. 20, 2008); State v. Penman, 964 P.2d 1157, 1164 (Utah Ct. App. 1998); Pethel v. McBride, 638 S......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT