State v. Weeder, No. 101

CourtCourt of Special Appeals of Maryland
Writing for the CourtArgued before ORTH; GILBERT
Citation22 Md.App. 249,322 A.2d 253
Docket NumberNo. 101
Decision Date22 July 1974
PartiesSTATE of Maryland v. Jefferson Winston WEEDER.

Page 249

22 Md.App. 249
322 A.2d 253
STATE of Maryland
Jefferson Winston WEEDER.
No. 101.
Court of Special Appeals of Maryland.
July 22, 1974.

[322 A.2d 254] Donald R. Stutman, Asst. Atty. Gen., with

Page 250

whom were Francis B. Burch, Atty. Gen., and Arthur A. Marshall, Jr., State's Atty., for Prince George's County, on the brief, for appellant.

Dennis M. Henderson, Baltimore, with whom was Geraldine Kenney Sweeney, Baltimore, on the brief, for appellee.

Argued before ORTH, C. J., and MORTON and GILBERT, JJ.


Jefferson Winston Weeder was indicted by the Grand Jury of Prince George's County for robbery, larceny, a perverted sex act and assault and battery. A plea of not guilty by reason of insanity under Md.Ann.Code Ann.Code art. 59, § 25(b), Md.Rule 720, was entered on behalf of Weeder, and he was referred to the Clifton T. Perkins State Hospital. The Medical Staff at Perkins 1 concluded that Weeder was 'functioning on the Borderline Range of Mental Retardation with a Full Scale I.Q. of 73 on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. In addition, he (showed) some schizoid and anti-social personality traits.' The Perkins report, nevertheless, stated that, '. . . it was the unanimous opinion of the medical staff that (Weeder) was able to understand the nature and object of the proceeding against him and to assist in his defense.' The Staff further said that Weeder 'did not suffer from a mental disorder at the time of the alleged offenses of such severity as to cause him to lack substantial capacity to appreciate the criminality of his conduct or to confrom his conduct to the requirements of the law.' When the indictment was called for trial, Weeder changed his plea to 'Guilty' as to counts 1 and 3. Following a presentence report, Weeder was sentenced to imprisonment for a total of eight years and was, on April 12, 1973, referred to Patuxent Institution for evaluation. It is the referral to Patuxent Institution that sets the stage for the instant case.

Patuxent filed its report with the Circuit Court for Prince

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George's County, Md.Ann.Code[322 A.2d 255] art. 31B, § 7, on October 30, 1973. Weeder had been admitted to Patuxent on May 16, 1973, and when he was seen by a psychiatrist exclaimed: 'There ain't nothing wrong with me. I don't want to see a psychiatrist.' Later the same day Weeder was again seen by the psychiatrist. At that time Weeder stated: 'I am not a Defective Delinquent. That's a well-known fact.' Weeder's actions from that point on degenerated from resistance to outright refusal to even see a psychiatrist. Notwithstanding Weeder's uncooperative attitude, the Patuxent Institution 'Diagnostic Staff Report', grounded upon 'all the available accumulated records and recent past examinations' (including the Clifton T. Perkins State Hospital report) stated that Weeder suffered from 'borderline mental retardation with schizoid features', was a 'danger to society' and met the definition of a Defective Delinquent as set out in Md.Ann.Code art. 31B, § 5.

On February 14, 1974, the case was called for hearing. At that time the State asked the judge to return Weeder to Patuxent and to order him 'to comply with the original order which (had) sent him to Patuxent for evaluation. Or, in the alternative, that the testimony of the psychiatrist for the defendant (Weeder) be . . . not allowed in this case.' The State's request was denied, and the matter proceeded before the judge, sitting without a jury.

The State produced the testimony of Mr. Paul Edwards, a Patuxent Staff psychologist. Mr. Edwards candidly admitted that he did not personally examine Weeder because of Weeder's steadfast refusal to submit to examination. Mr. Edwards read into the record, over objection, the complete Diagnostic Staff Record of the Patuxent Institution, but the hearing judge subsequently granted Weeder's motion to strike Edward's testimony. The judge then dismissed the petition. Thereafter, the court signed an order directing that Weeder be transferred from Patuxent to the Division of Correction. The same date the State made application to this Court for leave to appeal. We granted the application and transferred the case to the regular appeal docket.

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The hearing judge relied upon State v. Musgrove, 241 Md. 521, at 531, 217 A.2d 247, at 251 (1966), wherein the Court of Appeals said:

'. . . (W)e are of the opinion that the legislature in using the term 'personal examination and study' must have intended that the examiner, be he a medical physician, a psychiatrist or psychologist, would use such methods and tests to ascertain the physical, psychiatric and psychological characteristics and deficiencies of the patient as were necessary to enable the examiner to reach a valid opinion. Conceivably, this would not always require the patient to talk to the examiner although it would seem that usually it would, as the record indicates was true in the case before us. Significantly, the requirement is not only that the examination be 'personal' but that it also be the '(examiner's) own.' This, we think, unequivocally implies that the examiners were to apply their expert knowledge...

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6 cases
  • Davis v. Director, Patuxent Inst., s. 478
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • January 27, 1976
    ...any psychiatric or neurological disorder. The term shall not include mental retardation.' Code, art. 59, § 3(f). 9 In State v. Weeder, 22 Md.App. 249, 257, 322 A.2d 253, 258 (1974), reversed on other grounds, Weeder v. State, 274 Md. 626, 337 A.2d 67 (1975), we said that a finding by Patuxe......
  • Weeder v. State, 184
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Maryland
    • May 7, 1975
    ...of Special Appeals which reversed the trial court and remanded the case for a determination of defective delinquency, State v. Weeder, 22 Md.App. 249, 322 A.2d 253 (1974). We granted certiorari in order that we might review the action taken by the Court of Special What happened here was tha......
  • Wilson v. State, 831
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • April 14, 1976
    ...its power, under other factual circumstances, to pass an order such as was passed on March 12, 1973.' Marsh v. State, 22 Md.App. at 185, 322 A.2d at 253. It appears that the only jurisdictional question raised in Marsh, and that only parenthetically, was the contention that the trial judge ......
  • Smith v. Director, Patuxent Inst., 957
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • July 25, 1975
    ...think the court erred. Before Weeder v. State, Md., 337 A.2d 67, decided May 7, 1975, we would not have thought so. In State v. Weeder, 22 Md.App. 249, 322 A.2d 253, we held, on the basis of our interpretation of past Court of Appeals opinions, that an evaluation of defective delinquency co......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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