State v. Whorton, 57128

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Missouri
Writing for the CourtPER CURIAM
Citation487 S.W.2d 865
PartiesSTATE of Missouri, Respondent, v. Gerald Keith WHORTON, Appellant
Docket NumberNo. 2,No. 57128,57128,2
Decision Date11 December 1972

Page 865

487 S.W.2d 865
STATE of Missouri, Respondent,
v.
Gerald Keith WHORTON, Appellant.
No. 57128.
Supreme Court of Missouri, Division No. 2.
Dec. 11, 1972.

John C. Danforth, Atty. Gen., Jefferson City, Charles B. Blackmar, Sp. Asst. Atty. Gen., St. Louis, for respondent.

Alfred O. Hardy, Kansas City, for appellant.

PER CURIAM:

Appellant was convicted of assault with intent to kill or do great bodily harm, without malice. Section 559.190, RSMo 1969, V.A.M.S. Appellant waived his right to a jury trial and the court sentenced appellant to confinement with the Missouri Department of Corrections for a period of four years.

The incident leading to appellant's conviction occurred on December 17, 1970. On this date, at approximately 9:40 p.m., Thresa Stella Draves was, with her father, William Draves, in the family automobile. Mr. Draves stopped the car at a Katz Drug Store at the intersection of Maple and Main Streets in Independence, Missouri, and went inside to make a purchase. As Mr. Draves was approaching the parking spot, both he and Thresa saw appellant walking north on Main Street. While Mr. Draves made his purchase in Katz, Thresa remained in the family car. She was sitting on the passenger side, next to the sidewalk, and the car's engine was left running. As Thresa sat in the car listening to the car radio, appellant came to the passenger's side of the automobile. He put

Page 866

a knife to her side while telling her to scoot over and drive. She did as instructed and began driving south on Main. While she was driving, appellant sat right beside her and held a knife, which Thresa described as having a two to three inch blade, intermittently to her side and then to her neck. She had driven approximately six blocks at the direction of appellant when she stopped at a stop sign at the corner of Pacific and Osage. As she came to a stop, Thresa quickly opened the door, jumped out of the car, and ran to a nearby house. She first called the police and then her father.

A patrolman went to the house where she had taken refuge and took her to the police station, where she was reunited with her father. Thresa and her father looked at police photographs at the station in an attempt to identify her assailant. The police also held a lineup, but no identification was made, and she and her father left the police station about 12:00 or 1:00 a.m.

On December 18, 1970, appellant was arrested by Patrolman Ed Comer of the Independence Police Department at approximately 8:50 p.m. Patrolman Comer was patrolling in the area of the town square in Independence when he received information from the police dispatcher that a subject matching the description of the suspect of an aggravated assault on December 17, 1970, was in the vicinity of the square acting in a suspicious manner. The description Comer received was of a white male, in his mid-twenties, dark hair, wearing a three-quarter length green corduroy jacket, slight of statute and about 5 6 to 5 7 in height. Patrolman Comer saw appellant walking in an alleyway off Liberty Street wearing a green corduroy jacket, three-quarter length, with dark slacks and dark shoes. He arrested appellant on suspicion of the aggravated assault which occurred the evening before. Appellant was taken to the Independence Detective Unit and left in the custody of Detective David Emmons by Patrolman Comer. After being fully advised of his rights by Detective Emmons, appellant signed a 'rights waiver' and appeared in a lineup with two other men. Thresa identified appellant as her assailant.

At trial, Thresa, Patrolman Comer and Detective Emmons testified for the respondent. Respondent then rested its case. Appellant orally moved to strike the in-court identification and all evidence relating to the claimed illegal arrest and illegal lineup. The motion was overruled. Appellant then moved for a Finding of Acquittal and this was also overruled. Appellant presented no evidence.

Appellant has taken this appeal alleging two grounds as error. Appellant contends that (1) 'The Defendant's arrest on December 18, 1970, was without benefit of a warrant and the State of Missouri through Officer Ed Comer had no reasonable cause to make such an arrest of this Defendant.' Appellant further contends that (2) 'The Court erred in allowing any evidence of the alleged victim's identification of this defendant which came from a subsequent line-up or show-up or any in-court identification, since such evidence was secured subsequent to and by reason of the defendant's illegal arrest.'

The law in Missouri on arrests without a warrant appears to be well settled. As this court pointed out in State v. Parker, 458 S.W.2d 241, l.c. 244, "It has long...

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16 practice notes
  • State v. Brasel, 59243
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Missouri
    • June 14, 1976
    ...Smith v. Swenson, 328 F.Supp. 747 (W.D.Mo.1971), although his reliability has not theretofore been proved or tested. State v. Whorton, 487 S.W.2d 865 (Mo.1972). The information in this case was no mere tipster suggesting to police the possibility that an offense may have been committed in t......
  • State v. Granberry, 36183
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • October 28, 1975
    ...(Mo.1972). And inasmuch as arrests made by officers based upon information received over the police radio are valid, State v. Whorton, 487 S.W.2d 865 (Mo.1972); State v. Ward, 457 S.W.2d 701 (Mo.1970); State v. Craig, 406 S.W.2d 618 (Mo.1966); State v. Morris, 522 S.W.2d 93 (Mo.App.1975); S......
  • State v. Rowland, 24273.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • March 28, 2002
    ...powder on the coffee filters was not immediately apparent to the officers. In support of his argument, Defendant cites State v. Whorton, 487 S.W.2d 865, 867 (Mo.1972) and State v. Hicks, 515 S.W.2d 518, 521 (Mo.1974), for the proposition that bare suspicion is not enough to permit officers ......
  • State v. Rowland, SD24273
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • March 28, 2002
    ...powder on the coffee filters was not immediately apparent to the officers. In support of his argument, Defendant cites State v. Whorton, 487 S.W.2d 865, 867 (Mo. 1972) and State v. Hicks, 515 S.W.2d 518, 521 (Mo. 1974), for the proposition that bare suspicion is not enough to permit officer......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
16 cases
  • State v. Brasel, 59243
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Missouri
    • June 14, 1976
    ...Smith v. Swenson, 328 F.Supp. 747 (W.D.Mo.1971), although his reliability has not theretofore been proved or tested. State v. Whorton, 487 S.W.2d 865 (Mo.1972). The information in this case was no mere tipster suggesting to police the possibility that an offense may have been committed in t......
  • State v. Granberry, 36183
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • October 28, 1975
    ...(Mo.1972). And inasmuch as arrests made by officers based upon information received over the police radio are valid, State v. Whorton, 487 S.W.2d 865 (Mo.1972); State v. Ward, 457 S.W.2d 701 (Mo.1970); State v. Craig, 406 S.W.2d 618 (Mo.1966); State v. Morris, 522 S.W.2d 93 (Mo.App.1975); S......
  • State v. Rowland, 24273.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • March 28, 2002
    ...powder on the coffee filters was not immediately apparent to the officers. In support of his argument, Defendant cites State v. Whorton, 487 S.W.2d 865, 867 (Mo.1972) and State v. Hicks, 515 S.W.2d 518, 521 (Mo.1974), for the proposition that bare suspicion is not enough to permit officers ......
  • State v. Rowland, SD24273
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • March 28, 2002
    ...powder on the coffee filters was not immediately apparent to the officers. In support of his argument, Defendant cites State v. Whorton, 487 S.W.2d 865, 867 (Mo. 1972) and State v. Hicks, 515 S.W.2d 518, 521 (Mo. 1974), for the proposition that bare suspicion is not enough to permit officer......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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