State v. Wood

Citation580 S.W.3d 566
Decision Date16 July 2019
Docket NumberNo. SC 96924,SC 96924
Parties STATE of Missouri, Respondent, v. Craig M. WOOD, Appellant.
CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Missouri

Wood was represented by Rosemary E. Percival of the public defender’s office in Kansas City, (816) 889-7699.

The state was represented by Daniel N. McPherson of the attorney general’s office in Jefferson City, (573) 751-3321.

Zel M. Fischer, Judge

Craig Wood appeals a judgment finding him guilty of one count of first-degree murder, § 565.020, RSMo 2000, and sentencing him to death.1 This Court has exclusive appellate jurisdiction. Mo. Const. art. V, § 3. The judgment is affirmed.

Factual and Procedural Background

On the afternoon of February 18, 2014, Carlos and Michelle Edwards saw 10-year-old Hailey Owens walking down the sidewalk near their home in Springfield. A tan Ford Ranger truck drove past Hailey, turned around, and pulled alongside her. The driver, later identified as Wood, asked Hailey for directions. As Hailey began to walk away, Wood opened the door and told her to come back. Hailey turned and stepped toward the truck. Wood lunged at Hailey, and pulled her into the truck. Mr. Edwards ran toward the truck, yelling at Wood to stop. Wood sped away. Mrs. Edwards called 9-1-1 to report the incident and the truck's license plate number. The truck was registered to Wood's parents, but Wood was the primary driver.

Springfield police officers surveilled Wood's home. They observed a tan Ford Ranger truck pull into the driveway. The truck's license plate number matched the number Mrs. Edwards reported. As an officer approached, Wood exited the truck and tossed a roll of duct tape into the truck bed. Wood, nervous and smelling of bleach, acknowledged he knew why the officers were there.

Wood voluntarily accompanied officers to police headquarters. Wood admitted the Ford Ranger was his, but declined to answer any questions regarding Hailey's location. Officers observed an abrasion and dried blood on Wood's lower lip, dried blood on one of his fingers, and red vertical marks on his neck and near his groin. His hat appeared to have bleach stains. Wood told officers he made two trips to Walmart earlier in the day to purchase bleach and drain cleaner. Wood also said he went to a laundromat, and his laundry was still there.

Officers went to Wood's house to look for Hailey. They entered through an unlocked back door. A strong odor of bleach emanated from the basement. The basement steps and floor were wet. A fan was running, and a scrap of duct tape was on the floor. There were empty bleach bottles and several plastic storage tubs. The officers secured the house and left.

After obtaining a search warrant, the officers returned and fully searched Wood's home. Wood's bed was stripped of sheets and blankets. On the bedroom dresser, police found a folder containing two handwritten stories detailing fantasies of sexual encounters between an adult male and 13-year-old girls. The folder also contained photographs of girls who were students at the middle school where Wood worked as an aide and football coach.

In the basement, the officers found Hailey's nude body wrapped in black plastic bags, stuffed into a 35-gallon plastic tub. Hailey's body, stiffened from rigor mortis, was wet and smelled of bleach. Her lips, cheek, and ear were bruised

. Ligature marks indicated Wood tied Hailey by the wrists, and she struggled to free herself. A .22-caliber shell casing lay on the basement floor. The shell casing was fired from a .22-caliber rifle locked inside a gun safe in a storage room.

An autopsy showed Hailey died from a gunshot to the back of her neck, killed by a .22-caliber bullet that passed through the base of her brain. Wood fired the fatal shot from point blank range, placing the barrel of the gun on the back of Hailey's neck before pulling the trigger. Hailey's vagina and anus were lacerated

and bruised in a manner consistent with sexual assault.

While Wood had locked the murder weapon away in a safe, officers found several guns larger than .22-caliber and several shotguns left in open view throughout Wood's home. In the bedroom, officers found a shotgun leaning against the wall and a larger caliber handgun on the nightstand next to the bed. An FBI agent testified the .22-caliber rifle would make less noise and less mess than other weapons found in the house.

Officers discovered Hailey's clothing in a dumpster behind a strip mall near Wood's home. Surveillance video showed Wood placing Hailey's clothes in the dumpster. A receipt in Wood's truck showed he purchased a laundry bag and duct tape from Walmart on the evening of Hailey's murder. Police also obtained video footage from Walmart showing Wood purchased bleach and drain cleaner approximately an hour after abducting Hailey.

Wood did not testify or present evidence during the guilt phase. During guilt phase opening statements, Wood's counsel argued Wood did not deliberate before killing Hailey. The state's closing argument emphasized the evidence showing Wood purposely and deliberately killed Hailey. The state argued, "I submit to you that when you place the muzzle, the end of the barrel of a gun, against the back of the base of the skull and you pull the trigger, there's only one purpose you can have, and that's to kill someone. Your common sense tells you that." The state argued Wood deliberately killed Hailey because he chose "the smallest caliber weapon he has, that will make the least mess and the least noise," and then locked the murder weapon away in a gun safe. The state concluded that considering this evidence in conjunction with evidence Wood attempted to conceal his crime by stripping the sheets from his bed, bleaching and hiding Hailey's body, and disposing of her clothes in a dumpster behind a strip mall proved beyond a reasonable doubt Wood deliberately killed Hailey. The jury found Wood guilty of murder in the first degree.2

During the penalty phase, the state presented a detective's testimony that he found no connection between Wood and Hailey or her family. A computer forensic examiner testified that after an Amber alert was issued for Wood's truck, a friend sent a text message to Wood asking "You haven't been hunting, have you." Another friend texted, "Oh, great, I just got an Amber Alert about a gold Ford Ranger. What have you and bear done? ? ?" Wood's dog was named Bear.

The state presented victim impact testimony from the mother of one of Hailey's friends, Hailey's teacher, her great-grandmother, two aunts, and a pastor. The witnesses testified Hailey was a happy and loving child. Hailey's death left an "unfillable void" in her family and traumatized her brother. Hailey's teacher testified that, after Hailey's murder, her classmates' behavior changed and they struggled to cope with Hailey's death. Hailey's aunt testified more than 10,000 people attended a vigil for Hailey. The pastor testified "countless parents" told him they no longer allowed their children to play unsupervised in their front yards or walk to a friend's house.

Wood presented testimony from his parents, three friends, a priest, and two guards from the Greene County jail. Wood's parents testified regarding Wood's problems with depression and substance abuse, but noted he was employed consistently and had no significant criminal history. Wood's friends testified they were shocked when he was arrested because such a crime was out of character. One friend noted Wood once saved a man from an apartment fire. None of Wood’s friends were aware he had sexual fantasies about young teenage girls. The priest testified that, since his arrest, Wood renewed his faith, studied the Bible, and regularly met to discuss what he had done. The jail guards testified that, aside from hoarding pills for an apparent suicide attempt, Wood caused no problems.

The jury found the following statutory aggravating circumstances beyond a reasonable doubt:

The murder of Hailey involved torture and depravity; that the defendant killed Hailey after she was bound or otherwise rendered helpless by the defendant, and the defendant thereby exhibited a callous disregard for the sanctity of all human life;
The defendant's selection of the person he killed was random and without regard to the victim’s identity and that defendant’s killing of Hailey thereby exhibited a callous disregard for the sanctity of human life;
The murder of Hailey was committed for the purpose of avoiding arrest;
The murder of Hailey was committed while the defendant was engaged in rape;
The murder of Hailey was committed while the defendant was engaged in sodomy; The murder of Hailey was committed while the defendant was engaged in kidnapping;
Hailey was a witness or potential witness of a pending investigation of the kidnapping of Hailey.

The jury unanimously found the foregoing aggravating circumstances but deadlocked on punishment. The jury did not unanimously determine the mitigating circumstances outweighed the aggravating circumstances.

Because the jury deadlocked on punishment, the circuit court determined the appropriate sentence as required by § 565.030.4. The circuit court specifically referenced the six aggravating circumstances found unanimously by the jury and stated it "does accept and agrees with the factual findings of the jury as set forth in its verdict as to punishment." The circuit court then determined "the facts and circumstances in mitigation of punishment were not sufficient to outweigh facts and circumstances in aggravation of punishment." Finally, "based upon factual findings of the jury," the court determined death was the appropriate sentence.

Wood presents nine points on appeal challenging the circuit court's evidentiary rulings, the state's closing argument, the decision to strike a juror for cause, and the constitutional validity of § 565.030 and § 565.032 governing Missouri's death penalty procedure.3

I. Evidentiary Claims

Wood raises four points...

To continue reading

Request your trial
53 cases
  • Lawrence v. State
    • United States
    • Florida Supreme Court
    • October 29, 2020 Indeed, other state legislatures have mandated comparative proportionality review by statute. See, e.g. , State v. Wood , 580 S.W.3d 566, 590 (Mo. 2019) (explaining that section 565.035.3., Mo. Rev. Stat., "imposes an independent duty on [the Supreme Court of Missouri] to undertake ......
  • State v. Poole
    • United States
    • Florida Supreme Court
    • January 23, 2020 a "discretionary judgment call that neither the state nor the federal constitution entrusts exclusively to the jury." State v. Wood, 580 S.W.3d 566, 585 (Mo. 2019); see also Hurst v. State, 202 So. 3d at 82 (Canady, J., dissenting) (weighing of mitigators and aggravators is a determinati......
  • State v. Poole
    • United States
    • Florida Supreme Court
    • January 23, 2020 a "discretionary judgment call that neither the state nor the federal constitution entrusts exclusively to the jury." State v. Wood , 580 S.W.3d 566, 585 (Mo. 2019) ; see also Hurst v. State , 202 So. 3d at 82 (Canady, J., dissenting) (weighing of mitigators and aggravators is a determin......
  • State v. Minor
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • June 14, 2022
    ...a new trial on direct appeal based on a claim of plain error, the appellant must show ‘the error was outcome determinative.’ " State v. Wood , 580 S.W.3d 566, 579 (Mo. banc 2019) (quoting State v. Baxter , 204 S.W.3d 650, 652 (Mo. banc 2006) ). Here, Defendant cannot establish manifest inju......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
3 books & journal articles
  • Finality, Comity, and Retroactivity in Criminal Procedure: Reimagining the Teague Doctrine After Edwards v. Vannoy.
    • United States
    • Stanford Law Review Vol. 73 No. 6, June 2021
    • June 1, 2021
    ...904 So. 2d 400,412 (Fla. 2005). (194.) E.g., State v. Whitfield, 107 S.W.3d 253, 268 (Mo. 2003) (en banc), abrogated by State v. Wood, 580 S.W.3d 566 (Mo. 2019) (en (195.) 536 U.S. 584 (2002); see also supra note 6. (196.) Porter, 102 P.3d at 1104 (holding that Ring "simply established a ne......
  • More than Just a Factfinder: The Right to Unanimous Jury Sentencing in Capital Cases.
    • United States
    • Michigan Law Review Vol. 120 No. 7, May 2022
    • May 1, 2022
    ...Mr. McLaughlin's punishment under Missouri law. See State v. Whitfield, 107 S.W.3d 253, 261-62 (Mo. 2003), abrogated by State v. Wood, 580 S.W.3d 566 (Mo. 2019)(en (135.) 580 S.W.3d 566 (Mo. 2019). (136.) Id. at 581. (137.) Id. at 582 (stating that as long as "the jury finds the facts makin......
  • Twenty-Nine Photographs and the Deterioration of the Missouri Relevance Rule.
    • United States
    • Missouri Law Review Vol. 85 No. 3, June 2020
    • June 22, 2020
    ...v. Wood, 580 S. W.3d 566 (Mo. 2019) (en Courts generally prohibit the admission of unfairly prejudicial evidence. (1) The idea is that jurors should not be shown evidence if it has a substantially greater likelihood of prejudicing the jurors against the defendant than it does of helping the......

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT