Stratmore v. United States

Decision Date02 June 1972
Docket NumberNo. 71-1683.,71-1683.
Citation463 F.2d 1195
PartiesBenjamin A. STRATMORE and Helen Stratmore, his wife, Appellants, v. UNITED STATES of America.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Third Circuit

Kenneth T. Statmore, Wayne, N. J., for appellants.

Meyer Rothwacks, Dept. of Justice, Tax Div., Washington, D. C., for appellee.

Before STALEY, ALDISERT and HUNTER, Circuit Judges.



This appeal involves a suit for refund of Federal income taxes. The district court entered an order granting summary judgment and dismissing taxpayers' complaint.

Briefly stated, taxpayers' action asserts that they are entitled to deduct as business bad debts payments made by them on their personal guarantees of certain corporate promissory notes. This is the second such suit filed by taxpayers based on essentially the same facts although claiming refunds for different tax years. See Stratmore v. United States, 420 F.2d 461 (C.A.3), cert denied, 398 U.S. 951, 90 S.Ct. 1870, 26 L.Ed.2d 291 (1970).

Section 7422(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (Title 26 United States Code) provides that no suit or proceeding for the recovery of any internal revenue tax shall be maintained in any court until a claim for refund or credit has been duly filed with the Secretary or his delegate. Section 6511(a) requires that such claims be filed within three years from the time that the return was filed or two years from the time the tax was paid, whichever is later. Section 6532(a) (1) provides that no suit or proceeding for the recovery of any tax shall be begun before the expiration of six months from the date of filing the claim nor after the expiration of two years from the date of a notice of disallowance by the Secretary of the part of the claim to which the suit relates.

Taxpayers filed a claim for refund in 1961 which asserted that the payments to the corporate creditors on their personal guarantees were deductible as business bad debts. The claim was disallowed in 1964. The instant suit was filed in 1970, more than two years after the notice of disallowance of the claim for refund and therefore barred by the statute of limitations contained in § 6532(a) (1).

In an effort to avoid the statute of limitations, taxpayers argue that they should be permitted to amend a second claim for refund which was filed in 1964 and which has never been disallowed. That claim asserted that the payments made by taxpayers on the corporate obligations were deductible as losses on transactions entered into for profit under § 165(c) (2) of the Code.

The Government argues that the taxpayers' second claim for refund cannot operate to extend the two-year period of limitation for filing suit on the ground asserted by the first claim, that of business bad debts.

Neither our own research nor that of both parties has disclosed a decision by any c...

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14 cases
  • Peretz v. United States
    • United States
    • U.S. Claims Court
    • May 31, 2020
    ...& Co. v. United States, 69 Ct. Cl. 721, 727, 40 F.2d 781, 784, cert. denied, 282 U.S. 863, 51 S. Ct. 36 (1930); Stratmore v. United States, 463 F.2d 1195, 1196-97 (3rd Cir. 1972); 18th Street Leader Stores v. United States, 142 F.2d 113, 115-16 (7th Cir.), cert. denied, 323 U.S. 725 (1944))......
  • Finkelstein v. U.S.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of New Jersey
    • September 9, 1996
    ...what is essentially the same claim...." L & H Co., Inc. v. United States, 963 F.2d 949 (7th Cir.1992) (citing Stratmore v. United States, 463 F.2d 1195 (3d Cir. 1972)); First Alabama Bank, N.A. v. United States, 768 F.Supp. 1522 (S.D.Ala.1991), affirmed 981 F.2d 1226 ...
  • IRS v. Pransky
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of New Jersey
    • March 30, 2001
    ...revive the denied and unpursued claims from his 1984 and 1985 tax returns by affixing them to a later claim. See Stratmore v. United States, 463 F.2d 1195, 1197 (3d Cir.1972) (holding that the purpose of § 6532(a)(1) would be contravened if a taxpayer could raise previously denied claims). ......
  • Miller v. U.S.
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Second Circuit
    • July 11, 1974
    ...on the line of cases holding that a taxpayer cannot extend the statute by filing successive claims. See Stratmore v. United States, 463 F.2d 1195, 1196-1197 (3d Cir. 1972); Einson-Freeman Co. v. Corwin, 112 F.2d 683, 684 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 311 U.S. 693, 61 S.Ct. 75, 85 L.Ed. 449 (1940......
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