Swate v. Johnston

Decision Date19 November 1998
Docket NumberNos. 01-98-00009-C,01-98-00468-CV,s. 01-98-00009-C
Citation981 S.W.2d 923
PartiesJudy Cox SWATE, Appellant, v. Cheryle R. JOHNSTON, Appellee. In re Judy Cox Swate, Relator. (1st Dist.)
CourtTexas Court of Appeals

Shawn Casey, Houston, for Appellant.

Cheryle R. Johnson, Houston, for Appellee.

Before Justices MIRABAL, O'CONNOR, and NUCHIA.


MIRABAL, Justice.

Appellant Judy Cox Swate filed an appeal from an interlocutory order appointing appellee Cheryle R. Johnston, over Swate's objection, as a successor receiver. Johnston filed a motion to dismiss the appeal for lack of jurisdiction, and Swate responded with a petition for writ of mandamus attacking the same order. We granted Swate's motion to consider the two proceedings together. We dismiss the appeal for want of jurisdiction, and we deny the petition for mandamus.


On February 18, 1992, the trial court signed a post-divorce judgment against Tommy E. Swate (Husband) in favor of Dian Hartwell (Wife I) in the approximate amount of $600,000. Wife I filed an "Application for Turnover after Judgment." On July 24, 1992, the trial court signed an order appointing John Eikenburg as a receiver "pursuant to the Texas Turnover Statute with the power and authority to take possession of all nonexempt property, real and personal, of Tommy E. Swate." John Eikenburg served as a receiver under the court's order for more than five years, until his death on October 2, 1997.

Eikenburg & Stiles, the firm of which John Eikenburg was formerly senior partner, and Cheryle R. Johnston, an attorney who had worked on the receivership with Eikenburg, jointly moved the trial court to appoint Johnston as a successor receiver. The motion recites that "Johnston has possession of the records collected by John J. Eikenburg as Receiver, and she has worked on this Receivership and is familiar with its facts." Wife I agreed that Johnston should be appointed successor receiver.

An objection to the motion for appointment of Johnston as successor receiver was filed by appellant/relator Judy Cox Swate (Wife II). Wife II is also divorced from Tommy Swate, and Receiver Eikenburg had asserted claims to certain assets claimed by Wife II, arguing they were actually assets belonging to Tommy Swate subject to the turnover order.

After an evidentiary hearing, the trial court overruled Wife II's objection and appointed Johnston as the Successor Receiver.


Wife II attempts to appeal under the authority of TEX. CIV. PRAC. & REM.CODE ANN. § 51.014(a)(1) (Vernon Supp.1998), which provides for an interlocutory appeal of an order appointing a receiver. However, Texas courts have consistently held, when construing predecessor statutes with identical language, that an interlocutory order appointing a successor to a permanent receiver is not appealable. First Nat'l Bank of Gilmer v. First State Bank of Hawkins, 456 S.W.2d 173, 174 (Tex.Civ.App.--Texarkana 1970, writ dism'd); Benningfield v. Benningfield, 155 S.W.2d 827, 828 (Tex.Civ.App.--Austin 1941, no writ); American Nat'l Ins. Co. v. Valley Reservoir & Canal Co., 209 S.W. 438, 440 (Tex.Civ.App.--San Antonio 1919, writ ref'd); McFarlane v. Greenameyer, 199 S.W. 304, 305 (Tex.Civ.App.--Galveston 1917, no writ). In a case dealing with a slightly different issue, this Court recently expressly stated that we agree with the reasoning in McFarlane and Benningfield. See Sclafani v. Sclafani, 870 S.W.2d 608, 611 (Tex.App.--Houston [1st Dist.] 1993, writ denied).

Accordingly, we grant Johnston's motion to dismiss Wife II's appeal for want of jurisdiction.


In appropriate cases, mandamus is a proper remedy to challenge interlocutory orders not subject to appeal. Dancy v. Daggett, 815 S.W.2d 548, 549 (Tex.1991) (orig.proceeding); Normand v. Fox, 940 S.W.2d 401, 404 (Tex.App.--Waco 1997, no writ). Mandamus issues only to correct a clear abuse of discretion or the violation of a duty imposed by law when there is no other adequate remedy by law. Walker v. Packer, 827 S.W.2d 833, 839 (Tex.1992) (orig.proceeding).

Wife II first argues that Johnston is disqualified to be a successor receiver under TEX. CIV. PRAC. & REM.CODE ANN. § 64.021(a)(2) (Vernon 1997), which provides:

(a) To be appointed as a receiver for property that is located entirely or partly in this state, a person must:

* * *

(2) not be a party, attorney, or other person interested in the action for appointment of a receiver.

Wife II asserts that Johnston, having been the attorney of record for Receiver Eikenburg, is an "attorney interested in the action for appointment of a receiver," and therefore is disqualified as a matter of law. The trial court expressly rejected Wife II's argument, stating in the order of appointment, "Pursuant to [TEX. CIV. PRAC. & REM.CODE ANN.] § 64.021, Cheryle R. Johnston is not disqualified from serving as Receiver in this case." We agree with the trial court.

The statute disqualifies a party or an attorney "interested in the action for appointment of a receiver." In the present case, the "parties" to the action for appointment of a receiver were plaintiff Wife I and Tommy Swate, the debtor/husband/defendant. The parties and the attorneys for the parties would clearly be disqualified from being appointed a receiver. See Chemical Eng'g Servs., Inc. v. Tomlinson, 750 S.W.2d 375 (Tex.App.--Beaumont 1988, no writ) (individual who brought action against defendant company was an interested party who could not be appointed as a receiver); Harmon v. Schoelpple, 730 S.W.2d 376, 378-79 (Tex.App.--Houston [14th Dist.] 1987, no writ) (abuse of discretion to appoint wife as receiver when she was a party to action pursuant to which receivership arose); O'Ferral v. Coolidge, 149 Tex. 61, 228 S.W.2d 146, 149-50 (Tex.1950) (appointment of attorney, who represented plaintiff, as a receiver was in violation of statute); Sunshine...

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  • Fite v. Emtel, Inc., No. 01-07-00273-CV (Tex. App. 10/2/2008)
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas
    • 2 Octubre 2008
    ...we address this issue. 5. We note that no interlocutory appeal will lie from an order appointing a successor receiver. See Swate v. Johnston, 981 S.W.2d 923, 925 (Tex. App.-Houston [1st Dist.] 1998, orig. proceeding). If we determine that the receivership expired, this case would not involv......
  • Haluska v. Haluska-Rausch
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas
    • 24 Enero 2012
    ...the grandchildren note that an order appointing a successor trustee, as here, is not appealable under section 51.014(a)."); Swate v. Johnston, 981 S.W.2d 923, 925 (Tex. App.—Houston [1st Dist.] 1998, no pet.) ("Texas courts have consistently held, when construing predecessor statutes with i......
  • Epstein v. Hutchison, No. 01-03-00797-CV (TX 7/23/2004)
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Texas
    • 23 Julio 2004
    ...trustee. We agree. This court has previously held that section 51.014(a)(1) does not apply to successor receivers. See Swate v. Johnston, 981 S.W.2d 923, 925 (Tex. App.—Houston [1st Dist.] 1998, no pet.) ("Texas courts have consistently held, when construing predecessor statutes with identi......
  • RJS Legacy, LLC v. IBMS LLC
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    • Supreme Court of Nevada
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    ...from "an order appointing a receiver" does not allow an appeal from an order appointing a successor receiver); Swate v. Johnston, 981 S.W.2d 923, 925 (Tex. App. 1998) (concluding that a statute allowing an interlocutory appeal from "an order appointing a receiver" does not allow an appeal f......
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