Tahoe Forest Inn v. Superior Court

Decision Date07 December 1979
Citation99 Cal.App.3d 509,160 Cal.Rptr. 314
CourtCalifornia Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
PartiesTAHOE FOREST INN et al., Petitioners, v. SUPERIOR COURT OF EL DORADO COUNTY, Respondent, Rosa B. TURNEY, Real Party in Interest. Civ. 19162.

Matheny & Poidmore and Anthony J. Poidmore, Sacramento, for petitioners.

Gessford, Sevey & Alpar and Michael C. Gessford, Sacramento, for real party in interest.

PUGLIA, Presiding Justice.

Petitioners are defendant Tahoe Forest Inn and its attorneys (hereinafter collectively referred to as defendants) in an action for personal injury brought by real party in interest (plaintiff) in respondent superior court. Defendants seek a prerogative writ annulling the effect of the superior court's order imposing sanctions upon them for failing to produce their expert witness for a deposition noticed by plaintiff. We shall grant defendants relief.

On June 22, 1979, the trial of plaintiff's personal injury action was set for December 3, 1979. On Monday, October 15, 1979, defendants served on plaintiff and deposited with the court a list of their expert witnesses. (Code Civ.Proc., §§ 2037, 2037.1; all further statutory references are to the Code of Civil Procedure unless otherwise indicated.) One of defendants' listed experts was Richard Arden, who was identified as a resident of Sparks, Nevada.

On October 15th, plaintiff served defendants with notice that Arden's deposition would be taken in the office of plaintiff's attorney in Sacramento commencing at 10 a. m., October 30, 1979. There was apparently no further contact between counsel relative to Arden's scheduled deposition until late afternoon of October 29th; at that time, defendants' attorneys contacted the office of plaintiff's attorney and advised that Arden would not be produced for deposition on October 30th because, among other reasons, the deposition was improperly noticed for Sacramento. Arden did not appear for the scheduled deposition and on November 13, 1979, plaintiff moved respondent court to impose sanctions upon defendants for their "refusal to make discovery." After a hearing, the court granted the motion ordering that Arden be barred from testifying in the action and that defendants' attorneys pay the reporter his fee accrued in connection with the aborted deposition.

On November 27, 1979, defendants served and filed in this court their verified petition for extraordinary relief in which they pray, inter alia, that "A peremptory writ of prohibition/mandate be issued" to vacate, and restrain the superior court from enforcing, the order imposing sanctions. On November 30, 1979, plaintiff filed a verified return and answer to the petition. Application for the peremptory writ has been made upon due notice, a responsive pleading has been filed, and the matter is now at issue. We are therefore authorized to issue a peremptory writ of mandate without first issuing an alternative writ. ( § 1088; cf. Goodenough v. Superior Court (1971) 18 Cal.App.3d 692, 697, 96 Cal.Rptr. 165.)

Discovery of expert witnesses is governed by recently enacted sections 2037-2037.9. (Added by Stats. 1978, ch. 1069, § 1.) In addition to providing for the mutual exchange of lists of experts whom the parties expect to call as witnesses, these provisions require that "a party shall make available for deposition such expert witnesses as he has determined to call." ( § 2037.4.) The duty imposed by section 2037.4, however, is not unconditional. Section 2037.7 provides: "Any other provision of law notwithstanding, any party desiring to take the deposition of a person retained as an expert by another party to a case, shall pay the expert a reasonable fee not exceeding his customary hourly or daily fee for the time reasonably and necessarily spent in connection with such deposition including time spent in travel to and from the deposition, but excluding time spent in preparation. A fee based upon the anticipated length of the deposition shall be tendered to the expert. In the event that the examination and necessary cross-examination of the expert takes longer than originally anticipated, the balance of the fee due the expert shall be paid by the party who noticed the deposition within five days of receipt of an itemized statement from the expert." (Italics added.)

Thus a party seeking to depose another party's expert must notice the deposition And tender the expert a reasonable fee "based upon the Anticipated length of the deposition . . . ." ( § 2037.7; italics added.) If the parties and the expert cannot agree upon a reasonable fee, any...

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3 cases
  • Plunkett v. Spaulding
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • January 21, 1997
    ...the discovery of expert witnesses, which would prevail over other inconsistent discovery statutes. (Tahoe Forest Inn v. Superior Court (1979) 99 Cal.App.3d 509, 512-513, 160 Cal.Rptr. 314.) Former section 2037.3 required a party on request to provide both a list of expected expert witnesses......
  • Palma v. U. Industrial Fasteners, Inc.
    • United States
    • California Supreme Court
    • June 7, 1984
    ...902, 169 Cal.Rptr. 42; Blumenthal v. Superior Court (1980) 103 Cal.App.3d 317, 163 Cal.Rptr. 39; Tahoe Forest Inn v. Superior Court (1979) 99 Cal.App.3d 509, 160 Cal.Rptr. 314.) A court's authority to issue a peremptory writ in the first instance is limited, however, to those cases in which......
  • True v. Shank, E024465.
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • June 30, 2000
    ...argue that this interpretation of section 2034 is wrong because it is contrary to the holding in Tahoe Forest Inn v. Superior Court (1979) 99 Cal.App.3d 509, 160 Cal.Rptr. 314. Plaintiffs' reliance on Tahoe Forest Inn, however, is misplaced. In Tahoe Forest Inn, the court held that "a party......

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