U.S. v. Troutman, No. 85-2028

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
Writing for the CourtBefore BARRETT and SEYMOUR, Circuit Judges, and SAM; SAM
Citation814 F.2d 1428
Decision Date13 March 1987
Docket NumberNo. 85-2028
Parties22 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 1020 UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Phillip TROUTMAN, Defendant-Appellant.

Page 1428

814 F.2d 1428
22 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 1020
UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
Phillip TROUTMAN, Defendant-Appellant.
No. 85-2028.
United States Court of Appeals,
Tenth Circuit.
March 13, 1987.

Page 1432

William L. Lutz, U.S. Atty. (Mark D. Jarmie, Asst., with him on the brief), Albuquerque, N.M., for plaintiff/appellee.

Leon Taylor (Philip C. Gaddy, with him on the briefs), Albuquerque, N.M., for defendant/appellant.

Before BARRETT and SEYMOUR, Circuit Judges, and SAM, District Judge. *

SAM, District Judge.

Phillip E. Troutman appeals his conviction, following a jury trial in the United States District Court for the District of New Mexico, on conspiracy to commit extortion in violation of the Hobbs Act, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 1951. 1 Troutman seeks reversal and remand on the ground the district court erred by refusing to grant his motion for a new trial, or in the alternative, for a judgment of acquittal. We affirm the conviction.

Page 1433

I

Factual Background

At the time of his arrest in December 1984, Troutman, the New Mexico State Investment Officer, managed and invested approximately three billion dollars in state funds. His codefendant, Kenneth Johnson, the New Mexico Deputy State Treasurer, paid out state monies and executed state investment transactions. They were advisors to, but not members of, the New Mexico Board of Finance.

In June, 1984, the Board of Finance received a resignation notice from the state fiscal agent, the Bank of Santa Fe. The fiscal agent is essentially the State's bank as it receives state deposits, honors state warrants, safeguards state instruments and acts as a clearing agent for the trading of state securities. It contracts the services of a separate financial institution, called the correspondent bank, that acts as the repository of state securities and oversees the delivery and receipt of securities being traded. Under New Mexico statute, a bank competing for the fiscal agent contract first selects its correspondent then submits a joint proposal to the Board of Finance.

Intending to bid for the fiscal agent contract, the First National Bank in Albuquerque B designated Irving Trust Company (ITC) as its correspondent in August, 1984. Bart Fleming, an ITC vice-president based in New York City, visited New Mexico on September 6-7, 1984 to discuss the details of the proposal. ITC later presented its portion of the proposal to FNB, and on September 12, 1984, FNB submitted the completed bid to the Board of Finance.

In late July or early August, 1984, the state Democratic fund-raiser, Tim Kraft, obtained New Mexico Governor Anaya's endorsement of a social function designed to secure contributions to the Democratic Leadership Fund which was distributed to Democratic legislative candidates throughout the state. Troutman and Johnson attended the meeting at which Kraft presented the fund-raising idea to the Governor and discussed the possibility of approaching for contributions the financial institutions represented at the Western States Treasurer's Conference hosted by the state a few weeks earlier. 2 Kraft believed Troutman and Johnson could solicit donations through their daily business interactions because they were acquainted with the bankers in the target institutions. Troutman later gave Kraft a list of people and companies doing business with the State.

On September 6, 1984, Bob Byers, manager of an ITC subsidiary, telephoned Johnson to discuss a new portfolio management system Byers had developed and desired to present to the governing body of the Western State Treasurers Association. Byers later sent Johnson an outline of the program and telephoned him on September 11 to discuss it. During that conversation, Johnson asked Byers whether his office had a political action committee or contributed to political fund-raisers. Byers replied his institution made no such contributions and declined Johnson's subsequent request that Byers contribute personally. Byers also stated he did not know whether the parent company, ITC, had a political action committee. Johnson responded that he was aware ITC was competing for some state business and that the contract for the correspondent bank was up for bid because the State's current correspondent, Citibank of New York, failed to purchase a sufficient number of tickets to the political fund-raiser hosted by Governor Anaya. Johnson then mentioned he would send some tickets should Byers decide to purchase them. A few days later, Byers received four $500 tickets to a Democratic political fund-raiser held in New Mexico, to which the following handwritten note was attached:

Bob,

Nice talking with you. I really don't mean to spring this on you (the tickets) until you mentioned Irving. I've heard good things about their custodial services and would like to see them considered by our Governor.

Page 1434

Take care,

Ken

R.I, 110-111. Byers did not commit ITC to a contribution, but he relayed to Johnson a message from Tom Archibald, a senior manager at ITC, that ITC saw no problem with purchasing the tickets. 3 Johnson then included ITC on the list of contributors he gave to Governor Anaya and Harvey Fruman, the state cash manager. Before the first Board of Finance meeting on September 27, 1984, Archibald informed Kraft he would not purchase the tickets. Archibald testified ITC refused the tickets because it considered that or any other contribution merely a means of buying business, a practice in which ITC did not engage. Johnson was extremely upset by ITC's decision not to contribute.

Archibald later discussed the tickets with Louis Whitlock, senior vice-president of Becker Industries Corp., a former transfer agent for ITC. Whitlock, then running for the state senate and otherwise participating actively in state Democratic politics, urged Archibald to make the donation, saying, "That's how business is done in New Mexico." Archibald responded ITC had a policy against making such contributions; however, he offered to put the tickets on his American Express card and read Whitlock the card number. Archibald claims he gave the card number because he tired under Whitlock's pressure and did not believe the card could be used for political contributions. Whitlock gave the card number to Kraft, but Johnson later refused to accept that form of contribution.

At the September 27, 1984 meeting of the Board of Finance, Troutman and Johnson urged the Board to delay approval of the correspondent contract until Johnson could examine ITC's computer software. The Board awarded the fiscal agent contract to FNB but rejected FNB's designation of ITC as its correspondent. Its rejection was unprecedented as the Board had always approved without comment the fiscal agent's choice for its correspondent.

On October 9, 1984, two weeks after the Board of Finance meeting, Johnson called Fleming into his office for a private conference and angrily remonstrated him for ITC's having "reneged" on its "commitment" to contribute to the Democratic leadership fund. R. III, 68. Johnson said all other applicants for the position of the correspondent bank had purchased tickets to the fund-raiser, and ITC's failure to cooperate "looked bad." Id. Fleming responded he had been advised ITC's purchase of the tickets would be illegal and ITC would not be willing to make the contribution. 4 Johnson then told Fleming to discuss the matter with Troutman because Troutman was "mad [ITC] had reneged." Id. The following day, Fleming met privately with Troutman in the office of the State Investment Council. After Troutman acknowledged he knew Fleming and was aware of the purpose of the visit, Fleming explained ITC was interested in the state business but refused to buy the tickets because it considered the purchase illegal. Although Troutman primarily listened and spoke very little at that meeting, he appeared completely apprised of ITC's situation and expressed neither surprise nor shock at Fleming's mention of the tickets.

Later that day, Fleming met Johnson for lunch during which Johnson again stressed that all other applicants for the correspondent contract had contributed to the fund and that, although he would like to see ITC secure the contract, he didn't know what he could do for it if ITC refused to purchase the tickets. Johnson also instructed Fleming not to inform FNB about the demands for contribution. Fleming testified he was shocked when he realized purchasing the tickets was essential to ITC's being considered for the correspondent bank contract.

Johnson telephoned Fleming on October 19, 1984 to say ITC could make the required $2,000 contribution by being designated, retroactively, as a sponsor of the

Page 1435

1984 Western Treasurers Conference held the previous July. After Fleming received Johnson's documentation for the sponsorship, he telephoned Johnson and said ITC refused to make any contribution to the Conference. Johnson replied that things looked bad for ITC, that it really was not cooperating and that he didn't know what he could do for it.

On October 24, 1984, Troutman and Johnson met with Governor Anaya and recommended Citibank be awarded the contract because ITC refused to make the requisite contribution. 5 The following day, Fleming attended the second Board of Finance meeting and, at Johnson's request, met privately with Troutman. Troutman stated ITC's reneging twice on its commitments made it and Troutman look bad to Governor Anaya. He then proposed yet another vehicle by which ITC could contribute: by making a $2,000 contribution to a Mondale-Ferraro fund-raiser. At trial, Fleming characterized the suggestion as an "obvious shakedown." R. III, 91.

That evening, at Fleming's invitation, Troutman and Johnson dined with Fleming, Roy Ortman and Robert Lesko, ITC vice-presidents. When Lesko attempted to explain the services ITC could offer the State, Troutman rudely interrupted him by saying the quality of ITC's services would...

To continue reading

Request your trial
179 practice notes
  • IN RE AIR CRASH DISASTER AT STAPLETON INTERN., MDL No. 751
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. United States District Court of Colorado
    • March 10, 1989
    ...of the law they are designed to explain. United States v. Grissom, 814 F.2d 577, 580 (10th Cir.1987); United States v. Troutman, 814 F.2d 1428, 1451 (10th Cir.1987). The instructions given to the jury set forth this rule both at the beginning and the end of the charge. See Appendix B, Jury ......
  • U.S. v. Sullivan, Nos. 89-7005 and 89-7008
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
    • November 16, 1990
    ...924(c). A conviction must be supported by sufficient substantial evidence, and not mere suspicion of guilt. United States v. Troutman, 814 F.2d 1428, 1455 (10th In sum, we hold that the evidence was sufficient to support the convictions of defendants Eugene Fisher, Steve Brown, Jimmy Wright......
  • Bingley v. Whitten, Case No. CIV 16-439-RAW-KEW
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. Eastern District of Oklahoma
    • March 19, 2020
    ...of guilt." Beachum v. Tansy, 903 F.2d 1321, 1332 (10th Cir.), cert. denied, 498 U.S. 904 (1990) (citing United States v. Troutman, 814 F.2d 1428, 1455 (10th Cir. 1987)). The OCCA applies the principles of Jackson when a defendant challenges the sufficiency of the evidence. In Spuehler v. St......
  • U.S. v. Savaiano, Nos. 86-2530
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
    • March 30, 1988
    ...States, 329 F.2d 786 (10th Cir.1964), cert. denied, 379 U.S. 853, 85 S.Ct. 101, 13 L.Ed.2d 56 (1964)." See United States v. Troutman, 814 F.2d 1428, 1446-47 (10th Cir.1987); United States v. Pilling, 721 F.2d 286, 293 (10th Cir.1983); and United States v. Jackson, 482 F.2d 1167, 1173 (10th ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
179 cases
  • IN RE AIR CRASH DISASTER AT STAPLETON INTERN., MDL No. 751
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. United States District Court of Colorado
    • March 10, 1989
    ...of the law they are designed to explain. United States v. Grissom, 814 F.2d 577, 580 (10th Cir.1987); United States v. Troutman, 814 F.2d 1428, 1451 (10th Cir.1987). The instructions given to the jury set forth this rule both at the beginning and the end of the charge. See Appendix B, Jury ......
  • U.S. v. Sullivan, Nos. 89-7005 and 89-7008
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
    • November 16, 1990
    ...924(c). A conviction must be supported by sufficient substantial evidence, and not mere suspicion of guilt. United States v. Troutman, 814 F.2d 1428, 1455 (10th In sum, we hold that the evidence was sufficient to support the convictions of defendants Eugene Fisher, Steve Brown, Jimmy Wright......
  • Bingley v. Whitten, Case No. CIV 16-439-RAW-KEW
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. Eastern District of Oklahoma
    • March 19, 2020
    ...of guilt." Beachum v. Tansy, 903 F.2d 1321, 1332 (10th Cir.), cert. denied, 498 U.S. 904 (1990) (citing United States v. Troutman, 814 F.2d 1428, 1455 (10th Cir. 1987)). The OCCA applies the principles of Jackson when a defendant challenges the sufficiency of the evidence. In Spuehler v. St......
  • U.S. v. Savaiano, Nos. 86-2530
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
    • March 30, 1988
    ...States, 329 F.2d 786 (10th Cir.1964), cert. denied, 379 U.S. 853, 85 S.Ct. 101, 13 L.Ed.2d 56 (1964)." See United States v. Troutman, 814 F.2d 1428, 1446-47 (10th Cir.1987); United States v. Pilling, 721 F.2d 286, 293 (10th Cir.1983); and United States v. Jackson, 482 F.2d 1167, 1173 (10th ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT