United States v. Haas, Crim. A. No. 13571.

CourtUnited States District Courts. 3th Circuit. United States District Court (Eastern District of Pennsylvania)
Writing for the CourtGOURLEY
Citation109 F. Supp. 443
Docket NumberCrim. A. No. 13571.
Decision Date29 December 1952

109 F. Supp. 443


Crim. A. No. 13571.

United States District Court W. D. Pennsylvania.

December 29, 1952.

Irwin A. Swiss, Asst. U. S. Atty., Pittsburgh, Pa., for plaintiff.

Theodore L. Moritz, Pittsburgh, Pa., for defendant.

GOURLEY, Chief Judge.

This matter comes before the Court on motion to reinstate a petition for the suppression of evidence.

The issues raised were reviewed in an exhaustive opinion by this member of the court filed July 3, 1952 D.C., 106 F.Supp 295 and upon appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, said appeal was dismissed for want of an appealable order.1 United States of America v. Joseph A. Haas, No. 10841, filed October 7, 1952.

Nevertheless, since it is the practice of this Court to zealously safeguard the constitutional rights of defendants in criminal proceedings, the Court permitted defendant's counsel to renew his argument on matters which he felt had not received adequate consideration at the initial hearing.

Defendant's counsel premises his renewed argument on the limitations imposed upon searches by virtue of 39 U.S.C.A. § 700, providing as follows:

"Searches authorized. The Postmaster General may, by a letter of authorization under his hand, to be filed among the records of his department, empower any post-office inspector or other officer of the Post Office Establishment to make searches for mailable matter transported in violation of law; and the inspector or officer so authorized may open and search any car or vehicle passing, or having lately before passed, from any place at which there is a post office of the United States to any other such place, or any box, package, or packet, being, or having lately before been, in such car or vehicle, or any store or house, other than a dwelling house, used or occupied by any common carrier or transportation company, in which such box, package, or packet may be contained, whenever such inspector or officer has reason to believe that mailable matter, transported contrary to law, may therein be found. (R.S. § 4026.)"

Defendant's counsel presses the argument that a postal inspector has no authority to enter the dwelling of a defendant to make searches thereof even though authorized to do so by the Postmaster General.

The Court does not dispute this reasoning. But defendant, in the instant case, as developed at the original hearing, voluntarily and willingly consented to the Postal Inspector...

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2 cases
  • Com. v. Gockley
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Pennsylvania
    • July 2, 1963
    ...U.S. 740, 55 S.Ct. 654, 79 L.Ed. 1687; Schutte v. United States, 21 F.2d 830 (C.C.A.6); United States v. Haas, D.C., 106 F.Supp. 295, 109 F.Supp. 443; 79 C.J.S. Searches and Seizures § 62, pages 816-818; 47 Am.Jur., page 547. The Commonwealth's evidence was amply sufficient to show Furtherm......
  • Wion v. United States, 7199.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
    • December 12, 1963
    ...have no authority to make an arrest, i. e., see: United States v. Helbock, D.C., 76 F.Supp. 985; and United States v. Hass, D.C., 109 F.Supp. 443; and, that the search could not, therefore, have been incident to a lawful arrest. But, even a private person is authorized to make an arrest in ......

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