United States v. Markee, No. 24206.

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)
Writing for the CourtDUNIWAY, WRIGHT, and TRASK, Circuit
Citation425 F.2d 1043
PartiesUNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Robert A. MARKEE, Defendant-Appellant.
Decision Date25 May 1970
Docket NumberNo. 24206.

425 F.2d 1043 (1970)

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
Robert A. MARKEE, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 24206.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

April 22, 1970.

Rehearing Denied May 25, 1970.


425 F.2d 1044

Howard R. Lonergan (argued), Portland, Or., Robert A. Markee, for appellant.

John D. Collins (argued), Asst. U. S. Atty., Sidney I. Lezak, U. S. Atty., Portland, Or., for appellee.

Before DUNIWAY, WRIGHT, and TRASK, Circuit Judges.

EUGENE A. WRIGHT, Circuit Judge:

Following a trial before a jury, Robert A. Markee was convicted of causing false representations to be made to the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1001 (1964).1 The false representations were contained in two documents, a sales report and an accountant's financial statement, submitted to the FHA in connection with an application by Mt. Angel Towers, Inc., a retirement home developer, for initial endorsement for mortgage insurance under Section 231 of the National Housing Act, as amended, 12 U.S.C. § 1715v (1964). Appellant, the exclusive sales agent for Mt. Angel Towers, was indicted because the false representations concerned the number of pre-sold units in the development. Count I of the indictment, upon which appellant stands convicted, is set forth in the margin.2

425 F.2d 1045

On appeal, Markee concedes that the representations contained in the two documents were false and fictitious, but challenges the sufficiency of the evidence to show that he willfully caused either of the documents to be submitted to the FHA within the meaning of 18 U.S.C. § 2(b) (1964).3 Appellant also contends that Count I should have been dismissed because that count failed to specify which of the two documents received by FHA would be relied upon to prove the allegations in the indictment. We affirm.

I.

SUFFICIENCY OF THE EVIDENCE

Appellant was hired by Mt. Angel Towers, Inc., in 1961 to be the exclusive sales agent for the planned retirement home in Mt. Angel, Oregon. The agency agreement provided that appellant receive $250 for each pre-sold unit, a 10% commission on each unit sold after the opening of the retirement home for a 13-year period, a right of first refusal on all health and accident insurance for occupants of the home, and the appointment of appellant as activities and promotions director at a minimum salary of $8,000 per year for 12 years.

Between March 8, 1962, the date FHA first evinced a favorable attitude toward the retirement project, and July 15, 1964, the date initial endorsement was secured, the primary stumbling block to FHA endorsement was the advance sale requirement of more than 50% of the 204 retirement units.4 In addition, Mt. Angel Towers was required to provide a financial statement accounting for all "founders' fees" and related monies collected from applicants for the purpose of securing occupancy in the project.

Throughout this period appellant and his sales organization shared office space with Mt. Angel Towers. Phyllis Bell, appellant's sister and the government's primary witness, was the office secretary for appellant and Mt. Angel Towers.

At the trial Mrs. Bell identified a number of applications for admission into the retirement home and "founders" contracts as having been prepared by appellant prior to July 1, 1964. Most of

425 F.2d 1046
the names on the applications and contracts were relatives or friends of appellant and Mrs. Bell. She testified that the signatures of the prospective tenants had been forged by her with appellant's knowledge and, in at least one instance, by appellant himself. In a report attached to one of the forged applications, appellant had noted: "This deal is no good — if not disturbed could be used for 60% qualification."

Ledger cards were prepared by Mrs. Bell for each sale, including the fictitious ones, indicating the date of sale, money received, and balance owing. On July 1, 1964, when the accountant went through the corporate records, he relied on the ledger cards in arriving at the number of presales and accounts receivable. His report, received by FHA on July 7, 1964, indicated a total of $616,283.00 in "founders' membership fees receivable," and, in an attached letter:

"At July 1, 1964, one hundred ten (110) units of the two hundred four (204) units available for sale had been sold according to the corporate records."

On July 9, 1964, two days after receiving the accountant's report, FHA received a photocopy of a typewritten and unsigned "Sales Report," purporting to be from appellant to Mt. Angel Towers. It contained essentially the same information as the accountant's report. However, because we hold that there was sufficient evidence from which the jury could conclude that appellant willfully caused the misrepresentations in the accountant's report, we need not consider appellant's contention that the government failed to prove that he was the author of the sales report.

The evidence shows that appellant did not actually prepare or physically submit the accountant's financial statement to FHA. Therefore, the question is whether there is sufficient evidence to show (1) that he caused the misrepresentations to be submitted in the financial statement and, (2) if so, that he did this willfully.5

There can be little doubt that the evidence is sufficient to show that appellant caused the false representations in the accountant's financial statement. He actively participated in the...

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24 practice notes
  • U.S. v. Erb, Nos. 70
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • 1 Octubre 1976
    ...that DeBoer aided and abetted the false filing. See United States v. Wolfson, 437 F.2d 862, 878 (2d Cir. 1970); United States v. Markee, 425 F.2d 1043 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 400 U.S. 847, 91 S.Ct. 93, 27 L.Ed.2d 84 (1970); United States v. Eskow, 422 F.2d 1060 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 39......
  • U.S. v. Musacchio, No. 90-10058
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)
    • 1 Julio 1992
    ...was required to state only the essential facts necessary to apprise Musacchio of the crime charged, see United States v. Markee, 425 F.2d 1043, 1047-48 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 400 U.S. 847, 91 S.Ct. 93, 27 L.Ed.2d 84 (1970); the government was not required to allege its theory of the case......
  • United States v. McTague, Criminal No. 5:14-CR-055
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. United States District Court (Western District of Virginia)
    • 10 Abril 2017
    ...committed the offense are unknown or that the defendant committed it by one or more specified means."); see United States v. Markee, 425 F.2d 1043, 1048 (9th Cir. 1970). Defendants' second argument, however, merits greater explication. Subsection (a)(4) of Section 1589 reads, "by means of a......
  • U.S. v. Buckley, No. 81-1597
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)
    • 8 Octubre 1982
    ...or supporting evidence, but only the "essential facts necessary to apprise a defendant of the crime charged." United States v. Markee, 425 F.2d 1043, 1047-48 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 400 U.S. 847, 91 S.Ct. 93, 27 L.Ed.2d 84 (1970). We review de novo the sufficiency of the indictment. See U......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
24 cases
  • U.S. v. Erb, Nos. 70
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • 1 Octubre 1976
    ...that DeBoer aided and abetted the false filing. See United States v. Wolfson, 437 F.2d 862, 878 (2d Cir. 1970); United States v. Markee, 425 F.2d 1043 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 400 U.S. 847, 91 S.Ct. 93, 27 L.Ed.2d 84 (1970); United States v. Eskow, 422 F.2d 1060 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 39......
  • U.S. v. Musacchio, No. 90-10058
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)
    • 1 Julio 1992
    ...was required to state only the essential facts necessary to apprise Musacchio of the crime charged, see United States v. Markee, 425 F.2d 1043, 1047-48 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 400 U.S. 847, 91 S.Ct. 93, 27 L.Ed.2d 84 (1970); the government was not required to allege its theory of the case......
  • United States v. McTague, Criminal No. 5:14-CR-055
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. United States District Court (Western District of Virginia)
    • 10 Abril 2017
    ...committed the offense are unknown or that the defendant committed it by one or more specified means."); see United States v. Markee, 425 F.2d 1043, 1048 (9th Cir. 1970). Defendants' second argument, however, merits greater explication. Subsection (a)(4) of Section 1589 reads, "by means of a......
  • U.S. v. Buckley, No. 81-1597
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)
    • 8 Octubre 1982
    ...or supporting evidence, but only the "essential facts necessary to apprise a defendant of the crime charged." United States v. Markee, 425 F.2d 1043, 1047-48 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 400 U.S. 847, 91 S.Ct. 93, 27 L.Ed.2d 84 (1970). We review de novo the sufficiency of the indictment. See U......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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