United States v. Norris, No. 260

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
Writing for the CourtSWAN, , and CHASE and CLARK, Circuit
Citation205 F.2d 828
PartiesUNITED STATES v. NORRIS.
Docket NumberDocket 22683.,No. 260
Decision Date24 July 1953

205 F.2d 828 (1953)

UNITED STATES
v.
NORRIS.

No. 260, Docket 22683.

United States Court of Appeals Second Circuit.

Argued April 8, 1953.

Decided July 24, 1953.


George B. Doyle, Samuel E. Chasin, Buffalo, N. Y., for defendant-appellant.

George L. Grobe, U. S. Atty. for Western District of New York, R. Norman Kirchgraber, First Asst. U. S. Atty., Buffalo, N. Y., for appellee.

Before SWAN, Chief Judge, and CHASE and CLARK, Circuit Judges.

CHASE, Circuit Judge.

The appellant was tried by a jury on an indictment charging the violation of Section 145(b) of Title 26 U.S.C., in that he willfully attempted to defeat and evade the federal income tax by filing false and frauduluent returns for the calendar years 1944, 1945 and 1946. He was convicted only on the count charging the offense by filing the 1945 return and has appealed from the judgment and sentence, a fine and a suspended

205 F.2d 829
imprisonment sentence having been imposed. Insufficiency of the evidence and errors during the trial are relied on for reversal

The appellant had for some years been a tavern keeper in Buffalo, New York, and in 1945 his income was derived solely from that business and from a rooming house he operated in conjunction with it. His net taxable income for 1945 as reported on his return for that year was $3,872.48, and this amount agreed with that shown by such books as were kept. However, it was the government's position that the books of account were inaccurate and incomplete, and it sought to prove a violation of Section 145(b) by showing that a comparison of appellant's net worth at the beginning and end of 1945 was inconsistent with the small amount of income reported for that year.

There was evidence from which the jury could have found that at the end of 1945 the appellant's net worth was at least $10,000, and possibly $20,000, more than it had been at the beginning of that year, and that the increase could not be accounted for by gifts or other nontaxable receipts. Also justified would have been findings that the appellant's books of account were inaccurate and failed to reflect all of the receipts from his tavern and rooming-house business, and that the appellant did not disclose to the person he employed to make out his tax return additional income which he had received.

Mere failure to make a complete and accurate report of income for taxation would have been less than enough to support the verdict. The failure must have been willful in the sense...

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4 practice notes
  • Gariepy v. United States, No. 12061.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (6th Circuit)
    • March 9, 1955
    ...v. United States, 9 Cir., 195 F.2d 127, certiorari denied 344 U.S. 817, 73 S.Ct. 11, 97 L.Ed. 635; Norris v. United States, 2 Cir., 205 F.2d 828. Appellant assigns error on the part of the court in charging the jury that the duty of filing a correct and accurate income tax return was person......
  • U.S. v. Tsanas, No. 341
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • April 24, 1978
    ...the indictment charged an attempt "to evade and defeat a large part of the income tax due and owing," see United States v. Norris, 205 F.2d 828, 829 (2 Cir. 1957) ("the gist of the offense is the willful attempt to evade any substantial part of the tax due"); United States v. Nunan, 236 F.2......
  • U.S. v. Citron, Nos. 340
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • February 7, 1986
    ...States v. Nunan, 236 F.2d 576, 585 (2d Cir.1956), cert. denied, 353 U.S. 912, 77 S.Ct. 661, 1 L.Ed.2d 665 (1957); United States v. Norris, 205 F.2d 828, 829 (2d Cir.1953); see United States v. Burkhart, 501 F.2d 993, 995 (6th Cir.1974), cert. denied, 420 U.S. 946, 95 S.C.t 1326, 43 L.Ed.2d ......
  • United States v. Grow, No. 9412.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • March 18, 1968
    ...953. 961, 84 S.Ct. 970, 11 L.Ed.2d 972. 18 Hartzog v. United States, 217 F.2d 706, 710 (4 Cir. 1954). 19 See also United States v. Norris, 205 F.2d 828 (2 Cir. 1953); United States v. Quong, 303 F.2d 499, 504 (6 Cir. 1962), cert. denied, 371 U.S. 863, 83 S. Ct. 119, 9 L.Ed.2d 100; Mende v. ......
4 cases
  • Gariepy v. United States, No. 12061.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (6th Circuit)
    • March 9, 1955
    ...v. United States, 9 Cir., 195 F.2d 127, certiorari denied 344 U.S. 817, 73 S.Ct. 11, 97 L.Ed. 635; Norris v. United States, 2 Cir., 205 F.2d 828. Appellant assigns error on the part of the court in charging the jury that the duty of filing a correct and accurate income tax return was person......
  • U.S. v. Tsanas, No. 341
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • April 24, 1978
    ...the indictment charged an attempt "to evade and defeat a large part of the income tax due and owing," see United States v. Norris, 205 F.2d 828, 829 (2 Cir. 1957) ("the gist of the offense is the willful attempt to evade any substantial part of the tax due"); United States v. Nunan, 236 F.2......
  • U.S. v. Citron, Nos. 340
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • February 7, 1986
    ...States v. Nunan, 236 F.2d 576, 585 (2d Cir.1956), cert. denied, 353 U.S. 912, 77 S.Ct. 661, 1 L.Ed.2d 665 (1957); United States v. Norris, 205 F.2d 828, 829 (2d Cir.1953); see United States v. Burkhart, 501 F.2d 993, 995 (6th Cir.1974), cert. denied, 420 U.S. 946, 95 S.C.t 1326, 43 L.Ed.2d ......
  • United States v. Grow, No. 9412.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • March 18, 1968
    ...953. 961, 84 S.Ct. 970, 11 L.Ed.2d 972. 18 Hartzog v. United States, 217 F.2d 706, 710 (4 Cir. 1954). 19 See also United States v. Norris, 205 F.2d 828 (2 Cir. 1953); United States v. Quong, 303 F.2d 499, 504 (6 Cir. 1962), cert. denied, 371 U.S. 863, 83 S. Ct. 119, 9 L.Ed.2d 100; Mende v. ......

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