United States v. Sedillo, No. CR 17–1371 JB

CourtUnited States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
Writing for the CourtJames O. Browning, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Citation297 F.Supp.3d 1155
Docket NumberNo. CR 17–1371 JB
Decision Date07 November 2017
Parties UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff, v. Bruce SEDILLO, Loren Sabaquie, and Robert Gallardo., Defendants.

297 F.Supp.3d 1155

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff,
v.
Bruce SEDILLO, Loren Sabaquie, and Robert Gallardo., Defendants.

No. CR 17–1371 JB

United States District Court, D. New Mexico.

Filed November 7, 2017


297 F.Supp.3d 1159

James D. Tierney, Acting United States Attorney, Presiliano Torrez, Howard R. Thomas, Assistant United States Attorneys, United States Attorney's Office, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Attorneys for the Plaintiff

Daniel J. Tallon, Daniel J. Tallon, Attorney at Law, Placitas, New Mexico, Attorney for the Defendant Bruce Sedillo

Alejandro Benito Fernandez, Federal Public Defender, Federal Public Defender's Office, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Attorney for the Defendant Loren Sabaquie

MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

James O. Browning, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

THIS MATTER comes before the Court on: (i) the Defendants' Motion to Void Search Warrant For DNA Sample or For Return of DNA Sample Pursuant to F.R.C.P. 41(g), filed July 6, 2017 (Doc. 29)("Motion"); and (ii) Defendant Sedillo's Opposed Motion to Join in Defendant Sabaquie's Motion to Void Search Warrant for DNA Sample or For Return of DNA Sample Pursuant to F.R.C.P. 41(g), filed July 31, 2017 (Doc. 35)("Motion to Join"). The Court held a hearing on August 3, 2017. The primary issue is whether Plaintiff United States of America, pursuant to two search warrants, unlawfully seized DNA samples from Defendants Bruce Sedillo and Loren Sabaquie to test against DNA collected from clothing identified as theirs that appeared similar to clothing worn by masked robbers, when the clothing has yet to be tested for viable DNA samples. The Court grants the Motion to Join and concludes that the United States did not unlawfully seize the DNA, because probable cause supports the warrants. Specifically, probable cause exists, because facts tie the robbers' getaway vehicle to Sedillo and Sabaquie, and facts tie the robbers' descriptions and clothing to Sedillo's and Sabaquie's descriptions and clothing associated with them. Moreover, based on an FBI agent's sworn statement and existing precedent, it is sufficiently reasonable to infer that the clothing will yield relevant evidence to survive constitutional scrutiny. Accordingly, the Court will deny the Motion.

FACTUAL BACKGROUND

The Court draws its facts from the Criminal Complaint, filed May 5, 2017 (Doc. 1)("Complaint"). On January 16, 2017, two men armed with handguns robbed Metro PCS, a cellphone and electronics distributor, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. See Complaint ¶ 3, at 1. Both of these men concealed their faces, the first with a purple bandana and the second with a Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles1 mask.

297 F.Supp.3d 1160

See Complaint ¶ 3, at 1–2. Witnesses described the first man, later alleged to be Gallardo, as a skinny, black male who wore a black hooded sweatshirt, grey paisley pants, and blue latex gloves. See Complaint ¶¶ 3, 7, at 1, 3. Gallardo took electronic devices from the store and stuffed them into a green backpack. See Complaint ¶ 3, at 2. Witnesses described the second man, later alleged to be Sedillo, as a Hispanic male who wore a grey hooded sweatshirt, black pants, green and yellow shoes, and blue latex gloves. See Complaint at ¶¶ 3, 12, at 2, 5. Sedillo took cash from the store's cash register. See Complaint ¶ 3, at 2.

On January 21, 2017, a similar theft occurred when three men, one wearing a Ninja Turtles mask and all armed with handguns, robbed a 7–Eleven in Albuquerque. See Complaint ¶ 4, at 2. Witnesses described the first robber, later alleged to be Kshawn Cornwell, as a skinny black male, standing 6'3? who wore a black hooded sweatshirt, grey pants, black and white "Chuck Taylor"2 style shoes, black gloves, and covered his face with a red bandana. Complaint ¶¶ 4, 7, at 2–3. The second robber matched Sedillo's description from the Metro PCS robbery in that witnesses described him as a medium build, Hispanic male standing 5'8? who wore a red and black hooded sweatshirt, a Ninja Turtle mask, and gloves. See Complaint ¶ 4, at 2. Witnesses described the third robber, later alleged to be Sabaquie, as a Hispanic male standing 5'6? or 5'7? who wore a black and grey hooded sweatshirt, black pants, white shoes, and covered his face with a red bandana. See Complaint ¶ 4, at 7. The three men fled the scene in a Scion box-style vehicle. See Complaint ¶ 4, at 7.

Over the next week, two more thefts occurred with similarly described men robbing another Metro PCS and a Wienerschnitzel. See Complaint ¶¶ 5–6, at 2–3. At both robberies, a man who matched Sedillo's description wore a Ninja Turtle mask and Nike high-top shoes. See Complaint ¶¶ 5–6, at 2–3. A man matching Gallardo's description robbed the Metro PCS while wearing grey paisley pants, a black hooded sweatshirt, and a white bandana over his face. See Complaint ¶ 6, at 3. An individual matching Sabaquie's description also robbed the Metro PCS, and wore a blue hooded sweatshirt, black pants, and white shoes. See Complaint ¶ 6, at 3. The robbers fled the Wienerschnitzel in a red, box-style vehicle. See Complaint ¶ 5, at 2.

On January 30, 2017, the Albuquerque Police Department received an anonymous tip that Sedillo had been robbing cellular telephone stores and riding around in a red, box-style vehicle. See Complaint ¶ 7, at 3. On February 2, 2017, a detective observed four men wearing hooded sweatshirts and armed with handguns rob a Verizon Wireless store. See Complaint ¶ 8, at 3. The men fled the scene in a car that matched the Wienerschnitzel robbery's getaway vehicle, a red Scion XB with New Mexico license plate "HYY834." See Complaint ¶ 8, at 3. Police pursued, but the car fled at high speed. See Complaint ¶ 8, at 4.

The police tracked the vehicle to an Albuquerque neighborhood and found Gallardo approximately two blocks away from where they later found the car. See Complaint

297 F.Supp.3d 1161

¶ 9, at 4. Gallardo is a black male, standing 6'3? with a slender build, and on that night he wore black and white shoes, camouflage shorts, and a purple shirt. See Complaint ¶ 9, at 4. Witnesses had described one of the Verizon store's robbers as a black man, standing 6'3? with a slender build, who wore a black-striped hooded sweatshirt, black and white shoes, a purple shirt underneath his sweatshirt, and gloves. See Complaint ¶ 9, at 4. The police also spotted Sabaquie in the neighborhood "walking away quickly from the area." Complaint ¶ 10, at 4. He wore a black hooded sweatshirt and white shoes. See Complaint ¶ 10, at 4. He matched one of the Verizon robbers' description. See Complaint ¶ 10, at 4.

Police discovered the red Scion vehicle in an apartment parking lot. See Complaint ¶ 11, at 4. After executing a search warrant, they uncovered masks and clothing matching the robbers' clothing from the Verizon heist. See Complaint ¶ 11, at 4. They also recovered two active cellular telephones: one had pictures of Sabaquie; the other "had a distinctive background picture that matched a photo that Bruce Sedillo had posted on his Facebook page." Complaint ¶ 12, at 5. Police also found Facebook photographs of Sedillo wearing the grey Nike high-top shoes that the Ninja Turtle masked robber wore at the Wienerschnitzel robbery. See Complaint ¶ 12, at 5.

The police subsequently searched an apartment where Sedillo and Gallardo lived with Cornwell. See Complaint ¶ 13, at 5. They found clothing similar to the apparel that the robbers wore during the various heists, including: white and grey Nike high-tops, green and yellow shoes, grey paisley pants, a purple bandana, and a grey and black hooded sweatshirt. See Complaint ¶ 13, at 5. The police found the grey paisley pants and purple bandana in Gallardo's bedroom. See Complaint ¶ 13, at 5. The police discovered the white Nike high-top shoes, and green and yellow shoes, in Sedillo's bedroom. See Complaint ¶ 13, at 5. Sedillo's girlfriend told the police that the grey and black hooded sweatshirt found in the apartment belonged to Sabaquie, and that Cornwell wears black and white Chuck Taylor style shoes. See Complaint ¶ 14, at 5–6. She also told the police that she saw Gallardo and Sabaquie leave the apartment in the red Scion on the night of the Verizon robbery. See Complaint ¶ 15, at 6. Sedillo, Gallardo, and Sabaquie were subsequently arrested. See Arrest Warrant, filed May 11, 2017 (Doc. 11). Before the indictment, see Indictment at 1, filed May 24, 2017 (Doc. 13), Sabaquie's counsel indicated that Sabaquie would not consent to a DNA swab. See Motion ¶ 1, at 1.

FINDINGS OF FACT

Rule 12(d) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure states: "When factual issues are involved in deciding a motion, the court must state its essential findings on the record." Fed. R. Crim. P. 12(d). The findings of fact in the Memorandum Opinion and Order shall serve as the Court's essential findings for rule 12(d)'s purposes. These facts are drawn from the Complaint and the Application for a Search Warrant for Loren Sabaquie, filed June 23, 2017, No. 17–0543 (Doc.1)("Search Warrant").3 The Court accepts these facts as true only for the purposes of this Motion.

297 F.Supp.3d 1162

A. The Robberies .

1...

To continue reading

Request your trial
6 practice notes
  • Ward v. City of Hobbs, No. CIV 18-1025 JB\KRS
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • July 31, 2019
    ...substantial basis for concluding that the affidavit in support of the warrant established probable cause." United States v. Sedillo, 297 F. Supp. 3d 1155, 1180 (D.N.M. 2017) (Browning, J.)(citing United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d at 1006 ). Specifically, the court should not defer to a Ma......
  • United States v. Streett, No. CR 14-3609 JB
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • November 27, 2018
    ...for concluding that the affidavit in support of the warrant established probable cause." 363 F.Supp.3d 1283 United States v. Sedillo, 297 F.Supp.3d 1155, 1180 (D.N.M. 2017) (Browning, J.)(citing United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d at 1006 ). Specifically, the court should not defer to a mag......
  • United States v. Devargas, CR 21-0857 JB
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • August 12, 2022
    ...no substantial basis for concluding that the affidavit in support of the warrant established probable cause.” United States v. Sedillo, 297 F.Supp.3d 1155, 1180 (D.N.M. 2017)(Browning, J.)(citing United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d at 1006). Specifically, the court should not defer to a Mag......
  • United States v. Cruz, No. CR 18-1105 JB
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • February 27, 2019
    ...substantial basis for concluding that the affidavit in support of the warrant established probable cause." United States v. Sedillo, 297 F. Supp. 3d 1155, 1180 (D.N.M. 2017)(Browning, J.)(citing United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d at 1006). Specifically, the court should not defer to a Magi......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
6 cases
  • Ward v. City of Hobbs, No. CIV 18-1025 JB\KRS
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • July 31, 2019
    ...substantial basis for concluding that the affidavit in support of the warrant established probable cause." United States v. Sedillo, 297 F. Supp. 3d 1155, 1180 (D.N.M. 2017) (Browning, J.)(citing United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d at 1006 ). Specifically, the court should not defer to a Ma......
  • United States v. Streett, No. CR 14-3609 JB
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • November 27, 2018
    ...for concluding that the affidavit in support of the warrant established probable cause." 363 F.Supp.3d 1283 United States v. Sedillo, 297 F.Supp.3d 1155, 1180 (D.N.M. 2017) (Browning, J.)(citing United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d at 1006 ). Specifically, the court should not defer to a mag......
  • United States v. Devargas, CR 21-0857 JB
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • August 12, 2022
    ...no substantial basis for concluding that the affidavit in support of the warrant established probable cause.” United States v. Sedillo, 297 F.Supp.3d 1155, 1180 (D.N.M. 2017)(Browning, J.)(citing United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d at 1006). Specifically, the court should not defer to a Mag......
  • United States v. Cruz, No. CR 18-1105 JB
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • February 27, 2019
    ...substantial basis for concluding that the affidavit in support of the warrant established probable cause." United States v. Sedillo, 297 F. Supp. 3d 1155, 1180 (D.N.M. 2017)(Browning, J.)(citing United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d at 1006). Specifically, the court should not defer to a Magi......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT