United States v. State of Washington

Decision Date31 December 1985
Docket NumberCiv. No. 9213.
Citation626 F. Supp. 1405
PartiesUNITED STATES of America et al., Plaintiffs, v. STATE OF WASHINGTON et al., Defendants.
CourtU.S. District Court — Western District of Washington









Gene S. Anderson, John C. Merkel, U.S. Attys., Seattle, Wash., George D. Dysart, Sp. Asst. U.S. Atty., Portland, Or., for U.S.

Phillip E. Katzen, Alan C. Stay of Evergreen Legal Services, Seattle, Wash., for Jamestown Klallam, Lower Elwha Klallam, Muckleshoot, Nisqually, Nooksack, Port Gamble Klallam, Sauk-Suiattle, Skokomish, Squaxin Island, Stillaguamish, Suquamish, Swinomish ITC, and Upper Skagit Tribes.

Mason D. Morisset, Steven S. Anderson, Thomas P. Schlosser, Samuel J. Stiltner, Alvin J. Ziontz of Ziontz, Pirtle, Morisset, Ernstoff & Chestnut, Seattle, Wash., for Makah, Tulalip, Quileute and Lummi Tribes.

Lewis A. Bell (now deceased), Bell & Ingram, Everett, Wash., for Tulalip Tribes.

Allen H. Sanders (formerly of Evergreen Legal Services) now with Bell & Ingram, Everett, Wash., Richard Baum, Bellingham, Wash., for Nooksack Tribe.

John Howard Bell, Law Office of Puyallup Tribe, Tacoma, Wash., for Puyallup Tribe.

Allan E. Olson, Donald S. Means, Peter J. Wilke, LaConner, Wash., for Swinomish Tribal Community.

Daniel A. Raas, Thomas Stuen of Raas, Johnsen, Garrett & Stuen, Bellingham, Wash., for Lummi Tribe.

Susan Kay Hvalsoe of Cullen & Hvalsoe, Olympia, Wash., for Hoh, Quileute, Nisqually and Squaxin Island Tribes.

Richard Reich, Carl V. Ullman, Michael Taylor, Quinault Tribal Office, Taholah, Wash., for Quinault Tribe.

James B. Hovis, Timothy Weaver of Hovis, Cockrill, Weaver & Bjur, Yakima, Wash., for Yakima Tribe.

Michael R. Thorp of Eisenhower, Carlson, Newlands, Rhea, Henriot & Quinn, Tacoma, Wash., for Port Gamble Klallam Tribe.

Jane Cantor Shefler, Of Point No Point Treaty Council, Kingston, Wash., for Port Gamble Klallam, Lower Elwha Klallam, Skokomish Tribes, Toby Thaler of Point No Point Treaty Council, Jamestown Klallam Tribe.

Stephen K. Strong of Bendich, Stobaugh & Strong, Seattle, Wash., for Jamestown Klallam Tribe.

Gregory O'Leary of Wickwire, Lewis, Goldmark & Schorr, Seattle, Wash., for Skokomish and Muckleshoot Tribes.

Steven V. Quesenberry, Ukiah, Cal., for Skokomish Tribe.

Sasha Harmon, Suquamish, Wash., for Suquamish Tribe.

Joanne Foster of Browne, Ressler & Foster, Seattle, Wash., for Suquamish and Quinault Tribe.

Cynthia Davenport, Seattle, Wash., for Stillaguamish Tribe.

Jeffrey Schuster of the Office of the Tribal Atty., Auburn, Wash., for Muckleshoot Tribe.

Craig A. Ritchie of Doherty, Doherty & Ritchie, Port Angeles, Wash., Mary Van Gemert, Seattle, Wash., for Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe.

Thomas F. Carr, James M. Johnson, Senior Asst. Attys. Gen., Dennis Reynolds, Asst. Atty. Gen., Olympia, Wash., for State of Wash.

Compilation of Major Post-Trial Substantive Orders (from July, 1978 through December 31, 1985).

                                              TABLE OF CONTENTS
                    ORDER                                                                          PAGE
                    Summary of Memorandum Order and Preliminary Injunction Re Salmon Allocation
                    for 1978 and Subsequent Seasons (8/11/78, as corrected 8/16/78 and
                    amended 9/27/78 and 10/27/78)                                                                      1416
                    Additional Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law Re Makah v. Lower Elwha
                    Dispute Re Hoko River (11/28/78)                                                                   1418
                    Order Re Coastal Salmon Fisheries Management Schedule (5/23/79)                                    1419
                    Amendatory Order Re Fisheries Advisory Board (1/11/80)                                             1421
                    Order Re Puyallup River Steelhead (2/6/80)                                                         1422
                    Order Re Notification and Effective Date of Emergency Regulations (8/26/80)                        1422
                    Order Re Conference of September 16, 1980 (9/25/80)                                                1425
                    Preliminary Injunction Re minimum Size Troll Fishing Regulations (3/5/81)                          1425
                    Order Regarding Attorneys' Fees (5/4/81)                                                           1426
                    Order Re Allocation of Quinault River Steelhead (5/8/81)                                           1428
                    Final Decree and Order Re Treaty Status of Jamestown Clallam Tribe of
                    Indians (5/8/81)                                                                                   1432
                    Order Approving Magistrate's Report Re Treaty Status of Jamestown Clallam
                    Tribe of Indians (5/8/81)                                                                          1432
                    Order Re Set-Net Fishing in Mukkaw Bay (9/2/81)                                                    1434
                    Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law Re Determination of Additional Usual
                    and Accustomed Fishing Places of Nisqually, Puyallup, and Squaxin Island
                    Indian Tribes (8/22/81)                                                                            1441
                    Corrected Order Re Request for Determination of Port Gamble and Lower
                    Elwha Usual and Accustomed Fishing Places (10/23/81, as amended 3/8/83 and
                    5/24/83)                                                                                           1442
                    Phase II Attorney Fees Memorandum Opinion and Order (12/15/81)                                     1443
                    Phase II Attorney Fees Memorandum Opinion and Order (9/16/82)                                      1454
                    Ruling Re Puget Sound Chinook (2/3/82)                                                             1458
                    Order Approving Plan for Puget Sound Chinook Salmon (4/12/82)                                      1462
                    Order Re Quillayute River Steelhead (4/21/82)                                                      1465
                    Order Re South Puget Sound Treaty Fisheries (11/5/82)                                              1466
                    Order Re Makah Tribe's Ocean Fishing Grounds (12/9/82)                                             1466
                    Order Re Hood Canal Agreement (3/8/83)                                                             1468
                    Order Denying Makah Indian Tribe's Motion to Dismiss (5/25/83)                                     1470
                    Orders Approving Settlement Agreements Between the Tulalip Tribes and
                    Various Other Puget Sound Tribes Re Tulalip Fishing Area Claims (7/21/83
                    10/13/83, and 5/8/85)                                                                              1471
                    Order Confirming Magistrate's Order Re WDF Computer Model (12/15/83)
                    Not supplied for publication
                    Order Re Puget Sound Equitable Adjustment (Amended Final Order) (1/19/84)                          1484
                    Order Re Jamestown Klallam Request for Determination of Usual and Accustomed
                    Fishing Places (3/14/84, as amended 2/21/85)                                                       1486
                    Order Adopting the Special Master's Report and Recommendation Re Skokomish
                    Indian Tribe's Request for Determination of Primary Right in Hood Canal
                    Fishery (3/22/84)                                                                                  1486
                    Order Denying Motion to Vacate Order Entered March 24, 1984 (4/25/84)                              1491
                    Order on Chehalis River Contempt Petitions (5/10/84)                                               1492
                    Order Re Attorneys' Fees Proceedings (6/22/84)                                                     1503
                    Order Awarding Attorneys' Fees and Costs (4/30/85)                                                 1504
                    Management Plans Re Sac Roe Herring Fishery                                                        1526
                    Order Adopting New Puget Sound Salmon Management Plan (10/15/85)                                   1527
                    Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law — In Re Tulalip Tribes' Request for Determination
                    of Usual and Accustomed Fishing Places (12/31/85)                                                  1527

(From July, 1978 through December 31, 1985)

CRAIG, District Judge.

The initial decision in this case and related rulings are reported at 384 F.Supp. 312 (W.D.Wash.1974), 520 F.2d 676 (9th Cir. 1975), cert. denied, 423 U.S. 1086, 96 S.Ct. 877, 47 L.Ed.2d 97 (1976), rehearing denied 424 U.S. 978, 96 S.Ct. 1487, 47 L.Ed.2d 750 (1976). Subsequent decisions and orders of a substantive nature rendered through June 30, 1978 are reported at 459 F.Supp. 1020 (W.D.Wash.1978). Various appeals were affirmed sub nom., Puget Sound Gillnetters' Association v. United States District Court, 573 F.2d 1123 (9th Cir.1978), aff'd in part, vacated in part, and remanded sub nom., Washington v. Washington State Commercial Passenger Fishing Vessel Association, 443 U.S. 658, 99 S.Ct. 3055, 61 L.Ed.2d 823 (1979), remanded to District Court for continuing jurisdiction, 605 F.2d 492 (9th Cir.1979).

Further decisions and orders of a substantive nature issued through December 31, 1985, except for those already published at 476 F.Supp. 1101 (1979) and 506 F.Supp. 187 (1980), are set forth or summarized below. Senior District Judge George H. Boldt presided over the case until late 1979. Thereafter, Senior District Judge Walter E. Craig of the District of Arizona has presided. The following compilation was prepared for publication under the direction of and approved by Judge Craig.*

BOLDT, District Judge.

(Order of August 11, 1978, as corrected August 16, 1978 and amended September 27, 1978 and October 27, 1978)

(On July 11, 1978 the United...

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