United States v. Unverzagt, No. 19904.

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (8th Circuit)
Writing for the CourtVAN OOSTERHOUT, , and MATTHES and GIBSON, Circuit
Citation424 F.2d 396
PartiesUNITED STATES of America, Appellee, v. Cloyd L. UNVERZAGT, Appellant.
Decision Date22 May 1970
Docket NumberNo. 19904.

424 F.2d 396 (1970)

UNITED STATES of America, Appellee,
v.
Cloyd L. UNVERZAGT, Appellant.

No. 19904.

United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit.

April 23, 1970.

Rehearing Denied May 22, 1970.


Samuel J. Hunter, Omaha, Neb., for appellant.

William J. Tighe, Asst. U. S. Atty., Omaha, Neb., for appellee; Richard A. Dier, U. S. Atty., on the brief.

Before VAN OOSTERHOUT, Chief Judge, and MATTHES and GIBSON, Circuit Judges.

VAN OOSTERHOUT, Chief Judge.

This is a timely appeal by defendant Cloyd L. Unverzagt from his conviction by a jury and the resulting sentence upon an information which charged him with receiving, concealing and retaining stolen money orders with intent to convert them to his own use in violation of 18 U.S.C.A. § 641.

Defendant before trial moved to suppress the use of money orders found

424 F.2d 397
upon his person and in his toilet kit as evidence upon the ground that they were seized in violation of his Fourth Amendment rights. The motion was overruled. The money orders were received in evidence at the trial over defendant's Fourth Amendment objection

The only error asserted on this appeal is that the postal money orders were obtained in violation of defendant's Fourth Amendment rights and that hence the court erred in failing to suppress the money orders as evidence. We hold that the court committed no error for the reasons hereinafter set out. We affirm.

The controlling facts are virtually undisputed. Postal Inspector Brown received a telephone call about 9:00 a. m. on January 27, 1969, from a man identifying himself as Bob Helgren, a trucker, informing him that a man called Cloyd or Clyde "Undergod" whom he described as 5 feet 7 inches to 5 feet 9 inches in height and weighing 150 to 155 pounds, with a fresh scar on his forehead had attempted to sell him postal money orders at the Corral Bar in South Omaha. The officer had not previously known informer Helgren and was never able to locate him.

Inspector Brown, accompanied by two associates, proceeded to the Corral Bar about 9:30 a. m. the same morning to locate the party described by the informer and to investigate the tip given them by the informer. Upon arrival they found the bar had not yet opened. Investigation in the neighborhood revealed that a person answering the suspect's description had been seen in the neighborhood. At approximately 11:00 a. m. the inspectors were informed by a bartender at a bar near the Corral Bar that he had just seen a man meeting the suspect's description walking toward the Corral Bar with a woman. The inspectors then went to the Corral Bar and upon inquiry were told by the bartender that the party meeting the description given was in the men's washroom and that he thought the man had a gun. The inspectors briefly interviewed the suspect's woman companion. She told them Unverzagt was armed.

The three postal inspectors then approached the men's room. Upon arriving at the door, Inspector Brown drew his gun and ordered Unverzagt to come out. On the second request, he came out with his hands in his front trouser pockets. Inspector Brown then ordered him to raise his hands and as Unverzagt complied he withdrew a revolver, which was taken from him. The suspect was then placed against the wall and searched. Inside his right jacket pocket the officers found a quantity of postal money orders which were the subject of the prosecution. After the defendant, in custody of the officers, had been removed from the bar, the bartender found a toilet kit in the men's room which he gave to the inspectors. The kit also contained a number of stolen money orders. Defendant at first denied ownership of the toilet kit but later admitted that it was his.

The defendant of course is...

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63 practice notes
  • United States v. Thevis, Crim. No. H-78-73
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Court (Connecticut)
    • 30 Marzo 1979
    ...F.2d 612, 619 (2d Cir. 1978); United States ex rel. Frasier v. Henderson, 464 F.2d 260, 262 (2d Cir. 1972); United States v. Unverzagt, 424 F.2d 396, 399 (8th Cir. 1970). Given the fact that Evans was with Thevis at this time and had lied about her relationship to him, the officers had prob......
  • United States v. Harflinger, No. 20017.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (8th Circuit)
    • 18 Enero 1971
    ...may be afoot if the police are to carry out their legitimate functions of crime prevention and detection. United States v. Unverzagt, 424 F.2d 396 (8th Cir. 1970); Carpenter v. Sigler, supra; Dupree v. United States, 380 F.2d 233 (8th Cir. 1967), cert. denied, 392 U.S. 944, 88 S.Ct. 2289, 2......
  • United States v. Lopez, No. 70 Cr 813.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Court (Eastern District of New York)
    • 14 Mayo 1971
    ...that New York's standard is subjective it is at variance with that utilized in the federal courts. See, e. g., United States v. Unverzagt, 424 F.2d 396, 398 (8th Cir. 1970) (may frisk when "reasonably necessary" for officers' protection); United States v. Thompson, 420 F.2d 536, 540 (3d Cir......
  • U.S. v. White, Nos. 80-1087
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • 10 Abril 1981
    ...v. Gorin, 564 F.2d 159 (CA4 1977), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 1080 (98 S.Ct. 1276, 55 L.Ed.2d 788) (1978), and United States v. Unverzagt, 424 F.2d 396 (CA8 1970) (identity of informer known but no proof of his reliability; reasonable suspicion found). The state courts are similarly Based on th......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
63 cases
  • United States v. Thevis, Crim. No. H-78-73
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Court (Connecticut)
    • 30 Marzo 1979
    ...F.2d 612, 619 (2d Cir. 1978); United States ex rel. Frasier v. Henderson, 464 F.2d 260, 262 (2d Cir. 1972); United States v. Unverzagt, 424 F.2d 396, 399 (8th Cir. 1970). Given the fact that Evans was with Thevis at this time and had lied about her relationship to him, the officers had prob......
  • United States v. Harflinger, No. 20017.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (8th Circuit)
    • 18 Enero 1971
    ...may be afoot if the police are to carry out their legitimate functions of crime prevention and detection. United States v. Unverzagt, 424 F.2d 396 (8th Cir. 1970); Carpenter v. Sigler, supra; Dupree v. United States, 380 F.2d 233 (8th Cir. 1967), cert. denied, 392 U.S. 944, 88 S.Ct. 2289, 2......
  • United States v. Lopez, No. 70 Cr 813.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Court (Eastern District of New York)
    • 14 Mayo 1971
    ...that New York's standard is subjective it is at variance with that utilized in the federal courts. See, e. g., United States v. Unverzagt, 424 F.2d 396, 398 (8th Cir. 1970) (may frisk when "reasonably necessary" for officers' protection); United States v. Thompson, 420 F.2d 536, 540 (3d Cir......
  • U.S. v. White, Nos. 80-1087
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • 10 Abril 1981
    ...v. Gorin, 564 F.2d 159 (CA4 1977), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 1080 (98 S.Ct. 1276, 55 L.Ed.2d 788) (1978), and United States v. Unverzagt, 424 F.2d 396 (CA8 1970) (identity of informer known but no proof of his reliability; reasonable suspicion found). The state courts are similarly Based on th......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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