United States v. Vaughan, No. 73-3801. Summary Calendar.

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
Writing for the CourtPER CURIAM
Citation491 F.2d 1096
Docket NumberNo. 73-3801. Summary Calendar.
Decision Date01 April 1974
PartiesUNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Robert Eugene VAUGHAN, Jr., Defendant-Appellant.

491 F.2d 1096 (1974)

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
Robert Eugene VAUGHAN, Jr., Defendant-Appellant.

No. 73-3801. Summary Calendar.*

United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit.

April 1, 1974.


491 F.2d 1097

Donald E. Brutkiewicz, Mobile, Ala. (court-appointed), for defendant-appellant.

Charles E. White-Spunner, U. S. Atty., Irwin W. Coleman, Jr., Asst. U. S. Atty., Mobile, Ala., for plaintiff-appellee.

Before BROWN, Chief Judge, and THORNBERRY and AINSWORTH, Circuit Judges.

PER CURIAM:

Vaughan was found guilty of violating 18 U.S.C.App. § 1202(a), possessing a firearm after having been convicted of a felony. He stipulated to facts which would support a conviction, but entered a plea of double jeopardy, having previously been convicted in Municipal Court of assault with a pistol, in violation of Alabama state law, a transaction with the very same pistol involved in the present federal prosecution. The sole issue on appeal is whether Vaughan's conviction in federal district court was barred by the constitutional prohibition against double jeopardy.

We said in Harlow v. United States, 5 Cir., 1962, 301 F.2d 361, 373-374, cert. denied, 371 U.S. 814, 83 S.Ct. 25, 9 L.Ed.2d 56:

There are always two questions which must be resolved when a defendant in a criminal case interposes a plea of former jeopardy. The first is whether both tribunals before which the defendant was tried derived their authority and jurisdiction from the same sovereign; the second is whether both prosecutions were for the same "offense." Footnote omitted.

Waller v. Florida, 397 U.S. 387, 391-396, 90 S.Ct. 1184, 1187-1188, 25 L.Ed.2d 435 (1970), held that a conviction in municipal court barred a subsequent trial for the same offense in state court because the municipality and the state were not separate sovereign entities. Vaughan's reliance on Waller is misplaced, for a municipality and the federal government represent two distinct sovereigns. See Abbate v. United States, 359 U.S. 187, 79 S.Ct. 666, 3 L.Ed.2d 729 (1959), and Bartkus v. Illinois, 359 U.S. 121, 79 S.Ct. 676, 3 L.Ed. 2d 684 (1959). This Court has recognized the validity of subsequent prosecutions by different sovereigns since the Waller decision. United States v. Jackson, 5 Cir., 1972, 470 F.2d 684, 689, cert. denied, 412 U.S. 951, 93 S.Ct. 3019, 37 L.Ed.2d 1004 ("An act denounced as a

crime by both federal and state sovereignties is an offense against the peace and dignity of...

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7 practice notes
  • U.S. v. Malatesta, No. 77-5032
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
    • November 8, 1978
    ...S.Ct. 676, 3 L.Ed.2d 684; United States v. Lanza, 1922, 260 U.S. 377, 43 S.Ct. 141, 67 L.Ed. 314; United States v. Vaughan, 5 Cir. 1974, 491 F.2d 1096. See also United States v. Wheeler, 1978, 435 U.S. 313, 98 S.Ct. 1079, 55 L.Ed.2d 303; United States v. Martin, 5 Cir. 1978, 574 F.2d 1359, ......
  • U.S. v. Frumento, No. 77-1090
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (3rd Circuit)
    • September 30, 1977
    ...States v. Johnson, 516 F.2d 209 (8th Cir.), cert. denied, 423 U.S. 859, 96 S.Ct. 112, 46 L.Ed.2d 85 (1975); United States v. Vaughan, 491 F.2d 1096, 1097 (5th Cir. 1974); United States v. Jackson, 470 F.2d 684 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 412 U.S. 951, 93 S.Ct. 3019, 37 L.Ed.2d 1004 (1972); Un......
  • Lovell v. Arnold, Civ. No. 75-279.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 3th Circuit. United States District Court of Middle District of Pennsylvania
    • March 13, 1975
    ...S.Ct. 666, 3 L.Ed. 2d 729; United States v. Lanza, 1922, 260 U.S. 377, 43 S.Ct. 141, 67 L.Ed. 314; United States v. Vaughan, 5 Cir. 1974, 491 F.2d 1096; United States v. Smaldone, 10 Cir. 1973, 485 F.2d 1333, 1343; Martin v. Rose, 6 Cir. 1973, 481 F.2d 658; see Waller v. Florida, 1970, 397 ......
  • U.S. v. Martin, No. 77-2884
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
    • June 16, 1978
    ...prosecutions were for the same offense. Brown v. United States, 5 Cir. 1977, 551 F.2d 619, 620; United States v. Vaughan, 5 Cir. 1974, 491 F.2d 1096. Successive prosecutions by the federal Government and a State for the same offense are permissible, because they are separate sovereigns. Uni......
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7 cases
  • U.S. v. Malatesta, No. 77-5032
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
    • November 8, 1978
    ...S.Ct. 676, 3 L.Ed.2d 684; United States v. Lanza, 1922, 260 U.S. 377, 43 S.Ct. 141, 67 L.Ed. 314; United States v. Vaughan, 5 Cir. 1974, 491 F.2d 1096. See also United States v. Wheeler, 1978, 435 U.S. 313, 98 S.Ct. 1079, 55 L.Ed.2d 303; United States v. Martin, 5 Cir. 1978, 574 F.2d 1359, ......
  • U.S. v. Frumento, No. 77-1090
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (3rd Circuit)
    • September 30, 1977
    ...States v. Johnson, 516 F.2d 209 (8th Cir.), cert. denied, 423 U.S. 859, 96 S.Ct. 112, 46 L.Ed.2d 85 (1975); United States v. Vaughan, 491 F.2d 1096, 1097 (5th Cir. 1974); United States v. Jackson, 470 F.2d 684 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 412 U.S. 951, 93 S.Ct. 3019, 37 L.Ed.2d 1004 (1972); Un......
  • Lovell v. Arnold, Civ. No. 75-279.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 3th Circuit. United States District Court of Middle District of Pennsylvania
    • March 13, 1975
    ...S.Ct. 666, 3 L.Ed. 2d 729; United States v. Lanza, 1922, 260 U.S. 377, 43 S.Ct. 141, 67 L.Ed. 314; United States v. Vaughan, 5 Cir. 1974, 491 F.2d 1096; United States v. Smaldone, 10 Cir. 1973, 485 F.2d 1333, 1343; Martin v. Rose, 6 Cir. 1973, 481 F.2d 658; see Waller v. Florida, 1970, 397 ......
  • U.S. v. Martin, No. 77-2884
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
    • June 16, 1978
    ...prosecutions were for the same offense. Brown v. United States, 5 Cir. 1977, 551 F.2d 619, 620; United States v. Vaughan, 5 Cir. 1974, 491 F.2d 1096. Successive prosecutions by the federal Government and a State for the same offense are permissible, because they are separate sovereigns. Uni......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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