Universal Specialties, Inc. v. United States

Decision Date31 August 1977
Docket NumberCiv. A. No. 77-933.
Citation443 F. Supp. 87
PartiesUNIVERSAL SPECIALTIES, INC., Plaintiff, v. UNITED STATES of America, Defendant.
CourtU.S. District Court — District of Columbia

William J. Platzer, Alexandria, Va., for plaintiff.

Mikal H. Frey, Tax Div., Dept. of Justice, Washington, D. C., for defendant.


JUNE L. GREEN, District Judge.

Plaintiff filed this action on June 1, 1977, alleging that a wrongful levy occurred in June 1974 and that requests for return of money were submitted to the Internal Revenue Service on December 27, 1976 and April 13, 1977.

This matter is currently before the Court on defendant's motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction and plaintiff's opposition thereto.

In support of its motion, defendant contends that 26 U.S.C. § 7426(a)(1),1 which gives this Court jurisdiction over wrongful levy actions, is in turn governed by 26 U.S.C. § 6532(c). The latter section provides that such suits must be brought within nine months of the date of levy. However, upon filing a request for the return of the levied property, the nine months may be extended. Since neither the request nor the suit was timely filed, defendant claims that this Court lacks jurisdiction.

Plaintiff, in its opposition, alleges that the nine-month limitation imposed by 26 U.S.C. § 6532(c)(1) does not begin to run until plaintiff has received notice of the seizure.

In American Honda Motor Co., Inc. v. United States, 363 F.Supp. 988 (S.D.N.Y. 1973), the plaintiff therein made the same argument. In rejecting it, the Court stated:

". . . IRS has no duty to notify creditors, qua creditors . . .. The nine-month period begins on the date when the notice of levy is served upon the person in possession of the taxpayer's property, not when a creditor of the taxpayer receives notice of the levy. If the creditor's argument were accepted in a case involving several creditors, all of whom received notice on a different date, there would be several different nine-month periods. This situation would clearly be unworkable. (Cases cited). Therefore, the creditor's lack of actual or constructive notice of the levy does not toll the nine-month period." 363 F.Supp. at 991.

Likewise, this Court must reject plaintiff's argument. Since the levy occurred in June 1974, plaintiff had until March 1975 to file its request for the return of the levied property or commence its action. Its initial request was not filed until December 27, 1976 and...

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2 cases
  • State Bank of Fraser v. U.S.
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Sixth Circuit
    • 29 December 1988
    ...94, 97 (D.R.I.1983); Carlos v. New York State Dept. of Taxation, 531 F.Supp. 359, 362 (N.D.N.Y.1981); United Specialties Inc. v. United States, 443 F.Supp. 87, 88 (D.D.C.1977); Stuyvesant Ins. Co. v. Department of Treasury, 378 F.Supp. 7, 10 (S.D.N.Y.1974). See also Mertens, Law of Federal ......
  • United Sand and Gravel Contractors, Inc. v. U.S.
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Fifth Circuit
    • 22 August 1980
    ...Regs. § 301.6532-3(c) (1974), § 301.6343-1(b)(1) (1972), and the only courts that have faced the issue, see Universal Specialties, Inc. v. United States, 443 F.Supp. 87 (D.D.C.1977); De Gregory v. United States, 395 F.Supp. 171 (E.D.Mich.1975), adopt the position that a section 6532(c)(2) r......

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