Vandall v. State Comp. Comm'r, No. 6966.

CourtSupreme Court of West Virginia
Writing for the CourtHATCHER
Citation158 S.E. 499
PartiesVANDALL. v. STATE COMPENSATION COMMISSIONER.
Docket NumberNo. 6966.
Decision Date03 February 1931

158 S.E. 499

VANDALL.
v.
STATE COMPENSATION COMMISSIONER.

No. 6966.

Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia.

Feb. 3, 1931.


Rehearing Denied March 9, 1931.

Original proceeding by James Vandall for mandamus to be directed to the State Compensation Commissioner.

Writ granted.

England & Ritchie, of Charleston, for relator.

H. B. Lee, Atty. Gen., and R. Dennis Steed, Asst. Atty. Gen., for respondent.

HATCHER, J.

The petitioner was injured while employed by a subscriber to the workmen's compensation fund. The injury necessitated amputation of the four fingers and the palm of a hand. He was given an award of 32 per cent. disability by the state compensation commissioner. The petitioner claims he is entitled to an award of 50 per cent. disability, and

[158 S.E. 500]

seeks, in this proceeding, a mandamus to require the commissioner to give him a hearing on the quantum of the award.

Section 31, c. 68, Acts of 1925, which applies to the disability in this case, is as follows: "If the injury results in the total loss by severance of any of the members named in this paragraph, the percentage of disability shall be determined in accordance with the following table. * * * The loss of four fingers shall be considered a thirty-two per centum disability. The loss of hand shall be considered a fifty per centum disability." (Subdivision d.) The commissioner takes the position that, as the thumb was not severed, there is no "total loss by severance" of the hand, and therefore the petitioner is not entitled to the disability (50 per cent.) provided for a loss of the entire hand. He further points to the fact that the statute allows a disability of 20 per cent. for loss of the thumb alone, which shows that the Legislature placed a material value on the thumb. That value is, of course, based on the part the thumb plays in connection with the rest of the hand in gripping or holding objects. In this case, the entire palm being severed, nothing remains of the hand for the thumb to approximate. The use of the hand, as such, is lost as completely as if the thumb were also severed. Therefore, under a broad and liberal construction of the statute which we are obligated to make, we hold that the petitioner has suffered a total loss of his hand because of the severance of the palm and fingers. Sole v. Kindelberger, 91 W. Va. 603, 607, 114 S. E. 151; McVey v. Tel. Co., 103 W. Va. 519, 138 S. E. 97.

The commissioner objects to this proceeding on the ground that the hearing sought...

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10 practice notes
  • State ex rel. McKenzie v. Smith, No. 29645.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • June 28, 2002
    ...804 (1939); Martin v. State Compensation Comm'r, 111 W.Va. 420, 162 S.E. 486 (1932); Vandall v. State Compensation Comm'r, 110 W.Va. 61, 158 S.E. 499 (1931); Bonner v. State Compensation Comm'r 110 W.Va. 38, 156 S.E. 847 (1931); Kincannon v. State Compensation Comm'r, 107 W.Va. 533, 149 S.E......
  • Walk v. State Compensation Com'r, No. 10214
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • April 14, 1950
    ...804; Martin v. State Compensation Commissioner, 111 W.Va. 420, 162 S.E. 486; Vandall v. State Compensation Commissioner, 110 W.Va. 61, 158 S.E. 499; Bonner v. State Compensation Commissioner, 110 W.Va. 38, 156 S.E. 847; Kincannon v. State Compensation Commissioner, 107 W.Va. 533, 149 S.E. 6......
  • Morris v. State Compensation Com'r, No. 10340
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • April 30, 1951
    ...5 S.E.2d 804; Martin v. State Compensation Commissioner, 111 W.Va. 420, 162 S.E. 486; Vandall v. State Compensation Com'r, 110 W.Va. 61, 158 S.E. 499; Bonner v. State Compensation Com'r, 110 W.Va. 38, 156 S.E. 847; Kincannon v. State Compensation Com'r, 107 W.Va. 533, 149 S.E. 665; Caldwell......
  • Bragg v. State Workmen's Compensation Commissioner, No. 12774
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • March 11, 1969
    ...804; Martin v. State Compensation Commissioner, 111 W.Va. 420, 162 S.E. 486; Vandall v. State Compensation Commissioner, 110 W.Va. 61, 158 S.E. 499; and Kincannon v. State Compensation Commissioner, 107 W.Va. 533, 149 S.E. 665. So long as an award of a claimant falls short of total permanen......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
10 cases
  • State ex rel. McKenzie v. Smith, No. 29645.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • June 28, 2002
    ...804 (1939); Martin v. State Compensation Comm'r, 111 W.Va. 420, 162 S.E. 486 (1932); Vandall v. State Compensation Comm'r, 110 W.Va. 61, 158 S.E. 499 (1931); Bonner v. State Compensation Comm'r 110 W.Va. 38, 156 S.E. 847 (1931); Kincannon v. State Compensation Comm'r, 107 W.Va. 533, 149 S.E......
  • Walk v. State Compensation Com'r, No. 10214
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • April 14, 1950
    ...804; Martin v. State Compensation Commissioner, 111 W.Va. 420, 162 S.E. 486; Vandall v. State Compensation Commissioner, 110 W.Va. 61, 158 S.E. 499; Bonner v. State Compensation Commissioner, 110 W.Va. 38, 156 S.E. 847; Kincannon v. State Compensation Commissioner, 107 W.Va. 533, 149 S.E. 6......
  • Morris v. State Compensation Com'r, No. 10340
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • April 30, 1951
    ...5 S.E.2d 804; Martin v. State Compensation Commissioner, 111 W.Va. 420, 162 S.E. 486; Vandall v. State Compensation Com'r, 110 W.Va. 61, 158 S.E. 499; Bonner v. State Compensation Com'r, 110 W.Va. 38, 156 S.E. 847; Kincannon v. State Compensation Com'r, 107 W.Va. 533, 149 S.E. 665; Caldwell......
  • Bragg v. State Workmen's Compensation Commissioner, No. 12774
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • March 11, 1969
    ...804; Martin v. State Compensation Commissioner, 111 W.Va. 420, 162 S.E. 486; Vandall v. State Compensation Commissioner, 110 W.Va. 61, 158 S.E. 499; and Kincannon v. State Compensation Commissioner, 107 W.Va. 533, 149 S.E. 665. So long as an award of a claimant falls short of total permanen......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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