Waley v. Johnston, 9843.

Decision Date12 February 1942
Docket NumberNo. 9843.,9843.
Citation124 F.2d 587
PartiesWALEY v. JOHNSTON, Warden.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Ninth Circuit

Harmon Metz Waley, in pro. per.

Frank J. Hennessy, U. S. Atty., and R. B. McMillan and A. J. Zirpoli, Asst. U. S. Attys., all of San Francisco, Cal., for appellee.

Before GARRECHT, HANEY, and STEPHENS, Circuit Judges.

HANEY, Circuit Judge.

This is an appeal from an order denying appellant's petition for a writ of habeas corpus.

On June 19, 1935, appellant, his wife, and one Dainard were indicted, in count one, for transporting in interstate commerce a person who had been kidnapped, in violation of 18 U.S.C.A. § 408a and 408b, and in count two, for conspiring to transport a person, who had been kidnapped, in interstate commerce, in violation of 18 U.S.C.A. § 408c. Appellant pleaded guilty to both counts, being represented by counsel, and was sentenced to imprisonment for 45 years on the first count and 2 years on the second count, the sentences to run concurrently, and he is now imprisoned on Alcatraz Island, pursuant to that sentence.

In his petition for a writ of habeas corpus, appellant alleged that he (1) was being confined for an offense he did not commit in that the kidnapped person was not transported outside the State of Washington, in which state the kidnapping occurred; and (2) was forced to plead guilty because he was threatened with death by agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. He further stated in the petition that in July, 1939, he filed in the court where the indictment was presented, a petition for a writ of error coram nobis, and that a copy of the decision on such petition is attached to his petition for a writ of habeas corpus. Attached also to the latter petition is a map purporting to show the route over which the kidnapped person was taken, and also an affidavit of appellant's wife to aid in proof that there was no interstate transportation.

In the decision on the petition for a writ of error coram nobis, which was denied, it was said that appellant's petition therein alleged that "* * * any evidence presented by the Government that George Weyerhauser was outside the State of Washington, is false evidence, made, secured, and presented with the object of maliciously obstructing justice and the petitioner so states in truth, and good faith, and defies the Government if what is stated is not true, to place a charge of perjury against him." — and that he "* * * by threats of violence in the form of death was forced to make statement, and enter a plea of guilty for a crime he never committed".

The court below made an order directing appellee to show cause why the writ should not issue. Appellee made a return to the order, and attached thereto a copy of the indictment, transcript of proceedings had thereon, and three affidavits — two made by the United States Attorney who prosecuted appellant on the indictment, and one made by a Special Agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The first affidavit of the United States Attorney was to the effect that the kidnapped person was held in custody by appellant for eight days and the second incorporated a part of the transcript of proceedings on the indictment. The affidavit of the Special Agent denied the making of threats alleged by appellant, stated that appellant and his wife traced the route over which they transported the kidnapped person into the State of Idaho, and incorporated two statements made and signed by appellant prior to the return of the indictment, in which statements appellant acknowledged that no threats were made to him, and that the kidnapped person was transported in interstate commerce.

No traverse to the return was made by appellant. On the petition and the transcript of proceedings on the indictment the court below denied the petition on the following grounds: (1) That the allegations of threats were shown to be without substance because appellant also alleged that the threats didn't "bother" him; and (2) the decision on the petition for a writ of coram nobis was res judicata under Robinson v. Johnston, 9 Cir., 118 F.2d 998.

Appellant, by his assignments, attempts to raise a number of questions having no basis in the record here, such as error in alleged denial of subpœnas, and such questions will not be considered here.

Appellant contends that there was an issue of fact raised by the petition requiring trial by the court below pursuant to Walker v. Johnston, 312 U.S. 275, 61 S.Ct. 574, 85 L.Ed. 830; that the court which sentenced him on the indictment had no jurisdiction because there was no interstate transportation, and because his plea of guilty was forced by threats of death.

First. Since the indictment alleged that the kidnapped person was not released from custody within seven days from the time of his seizure, jurisdiction in the court which sentenced appellant affirmatively appears (18 U.S.C.A. § 408a), and we think the ground alleged for issuance of the writ because of a lack of interstate transportation was insufficient to warrant granting the writ. Bowen v. Johnston, 306 U.S. 19, 25, 59 S.Ct. 442, 83 L.Ed. 455.

Second. Appellant contends that a plea of guilty is a confession, and that a confession...

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5 cases
  • Western Pac. RR Corp. v. Western Pac. R. Co.
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Ninth Circuit
    • July 9, 1952
    ...F.2d 547, 548, 549), and in view of this Court\'s decision in Waley v. Johnston, 315 U.S. 101, 62 S.Ct. 964, 86 L.Ed. 1302, reversing 9 Cir., 124 F.2d 587, the judgment is vacated, and the case is remanded to the Circuit Court of Appeals for further proceedings, including leave to petitione......
  • Crockett v. United States, 9894.
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Ninth Circuit
    • February 16, 1942
    ...4 Cir., 34 F.2d 97, 99. A fortiori should his action not be set aside in a collateral proceeding brought four years later. Waley v. Johnston, 9 Cir., 124 F.2d 587, decided December 20, 1941. State ex rel. Orr v. Latshaw, 291 Mo. 592, 237 S.W. Since the appellant's pleading disclosed no caus......
  • Waley v. Johnston
    • United States
    • U.S. Supreme Court
    • April 6, 1942
    ...for a writ of coram nobis was res judicata. The Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the order of the district court, 124 F.2d 587, 588. In view of the fact that petitioner when he pleaded guilty had been represented by counsel, a majority of the court thought he could not by hab......
  • Ward v. Page, Civ. No. 5442.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Western District of Oklahoma
    • February 25, 1965
    ...U.S., page 965 of 62 S.Ct., page 1304 of 86 L.Ed.): "The Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the order of the district court, 124 F.2d 587. In view of the fact that petitioner when he pleaded guilty had been represented by counsel, a majority of the court thought he could not by......
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