Wall v. Hudspeth

Decision Date06 January 1940
Docket NumberNo. 1949.,1949.
Citation108 F.2d 865
PartiesWALL v. HUDSPETH, Warden.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Tenth Circuit

Joseph G. Hodges, of Denver, Colo., for appellant.

Homer Davis, Asst. U. S. Atty., of Topeka, Kan., (Summerfield S. Alexander, U. S. Atty., of Topeka, Kan., on the brief), for appellee.

Before PHILLIPS, BRATTON and HUXMAN, Circuit Judges.

BRATTON, Circuit Judge.

This is an appeal from an order denying a petition for a writ of habeas corpus. Clarence Wall, hereinafter called the petitioner, was indicted in the United States Court for Western Louisiana. The indictment contained three counts. The first charged breaking into a post office with the intent to commit larceny of money and other valuables; the second charged theft of postage stamps from such post office; and the third charged theft of money therefrom. Petitioner requested that a trial be had on the charges contained in the indictment, and he was brought to the seat of the court for that purpose. Represented by counsel, he entered a plea of guilty and was sentenced on the first count to serve a term of three years in the penitentiary, to commence at the expiration of a sentence of from fourteen to twenty-eight years in the penitentiary of the State of Louisiana which he was then serving. Imposition of sentence on the remaining counts was suspended for a period of five years. About nine months later a commitment issued on such judgment and sentence; petitioner was delivered to respondent, as warden of the penitentiary at Leavenworth, under such process; and he is being detained under it.

It was alleged in the petition for the writ that due to not being properly advised petitioner entered a plea of guilty to a charge of possession of stolen property — a charge not contained in the indictment. Ordinarily the only questions which may be reviewed in a proceeding in habeas corpus to obtain release from incarceration after conviction for crime are whether the court which imposed the sentence had jurisdiction of the offense and of the person accused, and whether the sentence imposed was one authorized by law. Zahn v. Hudspeth, 10 Cir., 102 F.2d 759, certiorari denied, 307 U.S. 642, 59 S.Ct. 1045, 83 L.Ed. 1522. Furthermore, the record affirmatively discloses that the plea of guilty was to the charges contained in the indictment. The record is conclusive and not open to collateral impeachment in a proceeding of this kind. Riddle v. Dyche, 262 U.S. 333, 43 S.Ct. 555, 67 L.Ed. 1009.

It was further alleged that the sentence was void for the reason that the three counts in the indictment charged a single offense for which only one punishment could be imposed. Petitioner was sentenced only on the first count, and he is being detained solely and exclusively under that sentence. It was within the limits of the statute which had been violated, and its service has not been completed. No sentence has been imposed on either of the other two counts. The purpose of a proceeding in habeas corpus is to determine whether the petitioner is being unlawfully detained. A prisoner has no right to the writ unless he is entitled to immediate release. It is wholly unnecessary to determine at this time whether the several counts charged a single offense or separate and distinct offenses as in neither event is petitioner entitled to immediate release. McNally v. Hill, Warden, 293 U.S. 131, 55 S. Ct. 24, 79 L.Ed. 238; Reger v. Hudspeth, 10 Cir., 103 F.2d 825.

Petitioner contends that the United States Court was without jurisdiction to impose sentence upon him while he was serving the term in the penitentiary of the state, and that for such reason the sentence is void. When the court of one sovereign takes a person into its custody on a criminal charge he remains in the jurisdiction of that sovereign until it has been exhausted, to the exclusion of the courts of the other sovereign. That rule rests upon principles of comity, and it exists between federal and state courts. Ponzi v. Fessenden, 258 U.S. 254, 42 S.Ct. 309, 66 L.Ed. 607, 22 A.L.R. 879; Grant v....

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  • Strand v. Schmittroth
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Ninth Circuit
    • May 3, 1956
    ...L.Ed. 522; Stamphill v. Johnston, 9 Cir., 136 F.2d 291, 292; United States v. Marrin, D.C., 170 F. 476, 479-480. 8 E. g., Wall v. Hudspeth, 10 Cir., 1940, 108 F.2d 865; Lunsford v. Hudspeth, 10 Cir., 1942, 126 F.2d 653; United States ex rel. Speece v. Toman, D.C. N.D.Ill.1938, 23 F.Supp. 11......
  • Strand v. Schmittroth
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    • December 3, 1957
    ...cause." People v. South, 122 Cal.App. 505, 510, 10 P.2d 109, 112. 15 See Johnston v. Wright, 9 Cir., 137 F. 2d 914. 16 Wall v. Hudspeth, 10 Cir., 108 F.2d 865 (voluntary surrender to federal authorities by state presumed); Vanover v. Cox, 8 Cir., 136 F.2d 442, certiorari denied 320 U.S. 779......
  • United States v. Rangel-Perez
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    • December 9, 1959
    ...F.2d 820, 823-824; and as to a business connection in United States v. Lesser, 2 Cir., 1933, 66 F.2d 612, 614. Cf. Wall v. Hudspeth, 10 Cir., 1940, 108 F.2d 865, 866-867 and Jeffra v. United States, 4 Cir., 1948, 169 F.2d 218, 221. All of these examples are situations in which the condition......
  • U.S. v. Earley, 85-2673
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    • April 21, 1987
    ...Cir.1953); Hill v. United States, 186 F.2d 669 (10th Cir.1951); Williams v. Hunter, 165 F.2d 924 (10th Cir.1947); and Wall v. Hudspeth, 108 F.2d 865 (10th Cir.1940).12 See supra note 5.13 See supra note 4.14 Maj.Op. at 1431 n. 4, citing United States v. Naas, 755 F.2d 1133, 1136 (5th Cir.19......
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